Mexico Demands U.S. Allow More Immigration +
- Mexico Demands U.S. Allow More ImmigrationBy Mark Stevenson, Associated Press Writer= Tue Jan 10, 2006MEXICO CITY - Diplomats from Mexico and Central America on Monday demanded guest worker programs and the legalization of undocumented migrants in the United States, while criticizing a U.S. proposal for tougher border enforcement.Meeting in Mexico's capital, the regional officials pledged to do more to fight migrant trafficking, but indirectly condemned a U.S. bill that would make illegal entry a felony and extend border walls."Migrants, regardless of their migratory status, should not be treated like criminals," they said.The countries represented at the meeting including Mexico, Nicaragua, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Belize and Panama created a working group to design a regional policy to avoid migrant abuse and to follow the course of the legislation."There has to be an integrated reform that includes a temporary worker program, but also the regularization of those people who are already living in receptor countries," Mexican Foreign Relations Secretary Luis Ernesto Derbez said.Derbez has called the measure which passed the U.S. House of Representatives last month but still must go before the Senate "stupid and underhanded," but was somewhat more restrained on Monday, saying "it's not the Mexican government's position to tell the U.S. Senate what to do."The U.S. proposal has caused widespread resentment in Mexico, where some have accused President Vicente Fox's administration of not being assertive enough in opposing it. Fox has called the bill shameful.Mexicans working in the United States are a huge source of revenue for Mexico, sending home more than $16 billion in remittances in 2004, Mexico's second largest source of foreign currency after oil exports according to the country's central bank.Fox's spokesman, Ruben Aguilar, defended the administration's record on Monday, telling reporters that migration has declined in recent years, though official figures show it remains at historically high levels.Aguilar also said migrants "don't emigrate because they lack work, but rather for a series of other reasons, cultural reasons or better living conditions."<><><><><><><><><><><><><><>++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++Chuquicamata closes one refinery, Salvador takes over - ChileMonday, January 9, 2006Codelco Norte, the northern division of Chilean state copper company Codelco, shut down one of its two Chuquicamata refineries in the country's north on December 29, a Codelco spokesperson told BNamericas.The refinery at the Chuquicamata mine complex, part of the company's Norte division, had grown too old and no longer met Codelco's standards."Codelco Norte shut down its oldest refinery and invested in modernization for the newest one," according to the official.A Codelco Norte spokesperson said in an e-mail that the company is investing US$180mn to modernize the second refinery - Refinería No 2. The project, due to wrap up this year, will increase capacity by 20% to 855,000t/y of electrolytic copper cathodes."By improving the technological conditions and the operational security, this project also clears the way for other benefits such as doubling work productivity and creating important cost reductions of around 30%," reads the e-mail.The smelter and refinery at Codelco's Salvador division, a little further south, will process some mineral from the Chuquicamata mine, according to the Codelco spokesperson.Chile's government last year said it would close Salvador toward the end of the decade but later reversed the decision, saying it would invest US$550mn to extend the division's life another 15-20 years.Codelco CEO Juan Villarzú said at the time that mining projects at the study stage would maintain the division's operations.Some of these projects are San Antonio, Inca de Oro and the exploitation of underground mine workings requiring investments of US$500mn.Codelco will announce its decision on Inca de Oro and San Antonio after study results are released in September, the Codelco spokesperson said.Meanwhile the Salvador smelter will be fed with small mining production and excess production from Codelco's other installations. Founded in 1959, Salvador produced almost 75,000t of copper at US$0.886/lb cash cost per cathode in 2004.The Norte division is Codelco's largest and encompasses the Chuquicamata and Radomiro Tomic mines. Norte produced 983,000t of copper in 2004, an increase of 8.38% from 2003.Codelco is the world's largest copper producer, with total output of around 1.7Mt/y.Eva MedallaEmail: emedalla@...BNamericas.com+++++++++++++++++++++++++++<+><+><+><+><+> <+><+><+><+><+><+><+><+><+><+>
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