Migration and Deportation 1/11/2005
- EnL�nea Directa (Tamaulipas [Mexico])
January 11, 2005
Nuevo Laredo: Migration and Deportation
In 2004 approximately 5,000 undocumented immigrants were arrested in
Nuevo Laredo. As part of the deportation process the immigrants were
examined by doctors working for the Instituto Nacional de Migraci�n (National
Migration Institute). One of these medical professionals is Dr. Esmeralda
Almaza who spoke to the Tamaulipas, on-line, news source EnL�nea Directa about
the experiences of the detainees with whom she works.
Almaza says that she and her coworkers examine 365 to 400 people per
month who came to Nuevo Laredo to cross the Rio Grande into the United
States. Of those arrested she says that
1. 80% are from Honduras,
2. 10% from El Salvador,
3. and 5% from Guatemala.
4. 5% - The rest are primarily from Nicaragua, Brazil, Venezuela, Haiti and Cuba.
Foreigners from China, Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy and Hungary are also
among those she examined throughout the year. Almaza said that people from
these countries arrive at certain times of the year and are apprehended in
groups. This has led her to conclude that they are sent in multi-person
shipments by human trafficking organizations.
Many of the immigrants that Almaza works with complain that they are
mistreated by authorities on their trajectory to Nuevo Laredo. Some
say that they had paid organizations in their country of origin to take
them to the US but that they were abandoned at the border. Once at the
border the migrants are often contacted by local smugglers who offer to take them
to the US for a price.
Almaza worries that female migrants may be easily enslaved in Mexico.
Since it is expensive for the Mexican government to return them to
their homes in China or Europe Almaza fears that they may not be deported at
all but could instead be destined to the sex trade after their arrest.
Whether Almaza was only speculating as to this possibility or was denouncing
an existing practice is unclear from the article.
Source: EnL�nea Directa (Tamaulipas), January 10, 2005. Article by
Greg Bloom, Outreach Coordinator
Center for Latin American and Border Studies
New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico
Email address: gbloom@...
Phone: (505) 646-6817
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