2308Re: When was Bloody Bill Bloody Bill?
- Jun 20, 2012Another old message too important to bury in the archives:
>grandfather when all I was relying on was the memory of an older man
> Welcome, Vanessa.
> Just three?
> I came from thinking William Columbus Anderson was my father's
thinking back on when he was 9 or 10. My father recalls meeting his
great uncle when Dad was about 9 or 10. At that age, he thought he
was meeting his grandfather. Later, he learned that both his
grandfather's died before he was born. During the last months of my
father's life, he desired to know about his own grandparents. We
would go to the genealogy library in town. We found a lot about his
mother's family but didn't get too far with is father's before it was
too hard for Dad to make the trip downtown. What we did learn about
his Anderson family was from census records alone. He found David Q.
Anderson and William Columbus Anderson's census records. Because he
recalled William Columbus Anderson, he still held to that memory.
(This was before the Internet was so available.)
After my father's death, someone had referred me to a the book
about Quantrill and I saw the name William Anderson and that he was
from MO. I had also looked up William Columbus Anderson in a 1957
volumn of Texas Who's Who and thought he was the Bloody Bill. It took
some time to pass before I took up my father's quest for information
about his family again. When I did, I just sort of started up where
he had left off, thinking what he did with nothing more than a young
boy's memory and nothing much else. However, when I earnestly started
looking at information, census records, historic events and speaking
with relatives I was connecting with that I had no idea I had before,
After a year, I could draw no other conculsion but there were two
Williams. One was William Columbus Anderson from Stone County and the
other, William T. Anderson of Randolph County.
Accounts of William T. Anderson's death where people recognized
him satisfy me. I believe the dispatch reports about his death. I saw
the photographs recently of a sword presented to Cox in recognition
of killing William T. Anderson, among others. I've looked at the
census records on both men (on the microfilms at our genealogy
Regarding the article about Uncle Bill in 1924, had Mr. Fuller
believed that Uncle Bill was the Bloody Bill wholeheartedly, I don't
believe he would have contacted Jewell Mayes to see if anyone could
substatiate the claim. I find the 1938 article I wil paste below
Early 20th century rebuttal of Brown County Bill's claim of being
Bloody Bill Anderson, from the July 4, 1938 Richmond Missourian
WAS ANDERSON KILLED?--The question was raised a few years ago by
a Texan who alleged that Captain Bill Anderson was not killed at the
battle of Old Albany, the old man claiming that Anderson lived for
many years after the 1864 fight.
Jewell Mayes, inquiring in the interest of historic facts,
listened to the late Captain Clayton Tiffin of Knoxville, Mo., later
of Hamilton, Mo., talk about his Civil War experiences as a Federal
Captain as friendly toward the families of Confederate soldiers as he
dared to be under the limitations of civil war.
Captain Tiffin had contacted Captain Anderson personally when he,
Tiffin, was captured at Glasgow. Captain Tiffin was in front of the
courthouse in Richmond when the body of Captain Bill Anderson was
brought into town--he identified the body and the horse, being
positive beyond shadow of a doubt that it was Anderson. Lieutenant
Thomas Henkins was the first man of record who definitely identified
Captain Anderson found lying dead on the battle field.
Jim Cummins, a Confederate and fellow soldier with Captain
Anderson, told Jewell Mayes that Anderson's sisters at all times
recognized that their brother was killed at Albany, and that they
appealed to him to raise money for a monument in the Old City
Cemetery in Richmond.
Cole Younger told Jewell Mayes that there was no doubt in the
minds of his fellow soldiers that Anderson was killed at Old Albany,
and that his passing was recognized as a serious loss to the Southern
DEATH MASK PICTURE--Photographer Hicks, who later located in
Liberty, Mo., took the photograph of the dad man, and his picture was
recognized by relatives and personal friends as that of the dad
Captain Bill Anderson. The late W. Earle Dye owned a copy of the
original print of the Anderson picture."
I don't believe there is a massive conspiracy where hundreds,
perhaps thousands, of documents have been altered over a great number
of years in numerous and varied locations. I honestly find it too
farfeteched. I don't believe you can have a conspiracy that large and
not have a "Deep Throat" come out. Presuming a thing such as thais
conspiracy happening does not make it so. I'd rather admit to not
knowing something than guessing. Also, the effort involved in
accomplishing all this would be mammoth. I find William T. Anderson's
exploints make him a historic charactor of infamy more than a hero.
His role was limited to his home state from all I can gather, but I
am not a student of the Civil War. I am just researching my own
family and William T. "Bloody Bill" Anderson is not in my family.
However, William Columbus Anderson of Brownwood is.
One man can't be in two places. William Columbus Anderson and
family members were in the Home Guard in MO. Family members believe
that he and a brother possible were associated with Quantrill briefly
but in Stone County and not elsewhere in the state. I believe posted
on this site is the account of where William Columbus (or Brown
County Bill, as you may) Anderson was directly involved in the deaths
of Northern sympathizers.
I don't believe people should be so aggravated over this. Read
the information available to you and form your own opinion for your
own reasons. Each and everyone is entitled to that without being
bullied or called out about it. I don't hold that I can be 100% even
part of the time. But, I have been acquiring a lot of family
information which puts William Columbus (or Brown County Bill, as you
may) Anderson smack dab in the middle of my family.
I've started rambling. This topic has become very important and
dear to me. I will stop now but please do not hesitate to ask me
anything about what I've written.
nessaloc36 <nessaloc36@...> wrote:
Having just joined this group will you give your top
three reasons for
not believing the Brownwood claim? Likewise, what are your top
reasons for believing the William T. Anderson claim?
--- In BloodyBillMysterySolvedGroup@yahoogroups.com, "Fran Bolton" <Jfrbol@...> wrote:
> From our LINKS section
> Reply | Delete Message #2087
> Compliments to our member Glynda for this link I have included an excerpt from, that tells us Bloody Bill was called that immediately, not years after his death, and he is identified as William T Anderson four times in this official OR report:
> http://www.raycountyhistoricalsociety.com/?p=458 (No longer a good link. Smoke perhaps???)
> Mr. Crouch ( a Ray County historian) has obtained from the National Archives in Washington a detailed account of the Battle of Albany. Mr. Crouch obtained the" report through a Lafayette County history buff, Guy Dennison, who is also active with the Lafayette County Civil War reenactment group.
> Mr. Dennison sent $5 to the National Archives asking for whatever information was available on Bloody Bill Anderson. Documents he received included a report dated Oct. 31, 1864, and addressed to "General Craig, Headquarters, 33rd Regiment Enrolled Missouri Militia, Hamilton, Missouri." A communication from the National Archives states that the report was filed with unpublished records in Box 2, containing papers received too late for publication in Rebellion Records.
> The report, in flowing Spencerian hand, is unsigned, but evidently was made by `an officer present at Albany on Oct. 27,1864:
> Dear Sir:
> WE HAVE ALREADY FORWARDED TO YOU A HASTY OFFICIAL REPORT of "Cob" Cox's expedition against the notorious and fiendish bushwhacker Wm. T. Anderson and his rebel crew, but feeling satisfied that there are facts and circumstances connected with the death and capture of Bill Anderson that would be more gratifying to you and perhaps to the public, I have determined to forward you a more detailed account of the expedition and its results which you can have published or not as you may think proper.
> The command left Hamilton on Monday the 24th with detailed portions of six companies of the 33rd Regiment Enrolled Missouri commanded by the following company officers to wit: Capts. J. Woodruff, Napoleon B. Brown and Leabo; Lieuts. Samuel Brown and Levi Cline, all of Daviess County, and Lieut. Orem of Caldwell County; also a portion of two other companies, one commanded by Capt. Jones of Cameron and Lieut. James Mylan commanding company of Caldwell home guards organized under Order No..107, in all some 175 men.
> We camped at Knoxville that night. Next morning learning that some 75 or 100 bushwhackers were in camp at or near Millville, six or seven miles southeast of us, we marched directly there, with our whole force, except a small guard sent with the wagon train directly from Knoxville to Richmond.
> Lieut. Baker commanding company of the 31st Regiment Enrolled Missouri Militia whom we joined at Knoxville was sent by a different route to learn the whereabouts of the enemy and report to us at Millville. We had not. been there more than 30 minutes before a messenger came from Lieut. Baker with the information that he had engaged the enemy some three miles east of us. We joined him on the double quick with the whole force along and found him in possession of one prisoner, a blacksmith and his tools, two horses and two guns.
> The lieutenant had come upon them shoeing their horses in the woods near their late camp. They were in small force and fled, all making their escape except as before stated. Their camp had moved the evening before as we suppose joining Anderson's camp near Albany in the southwest corner of Ray County, where we engaged them as hereinafter stated.
> WE THEN MOVED TO RICHMOND AND ENCAMPED FOR THE NIGHT and rested the next day and recruited men and horses. We learned the whereabouts of the enemy: 200 of them had passed up the river the night before we got to Richmond just south of town in the bottoms, 120 the night we got there, and others we learned had moved their camps from Hanesville in Clay County and other points, all concentrating near Albany in the Missouri River bottoms.
> The next morning, 27th October, the entire force above stated and some 150 more of the 51st Regiment Enrolled Missouri Militia under Maj. Grimes of Ray County were marched directly to Albany under the command of S.P. "Cob" Cox of Daviess County.
> We came across the rebel pickets some mile east of Albany in the road, 10 or 15 strong. Our advance guard drove them in and through Albany, which is situated in the Missouri bottoms at the foot of the bluffs. The whole command followed up and were dismounted in and south of the town, leaving the 4th man to hold horses. Except that our advance guard of Calvary, consisting of one company of some 40 men under the command of Lt. Baker of Knoxville, Ray County, was sent forward to engage and draw out the enemy.
> Our infantry was formed into company lines and marched forthwith into the open woods beyond Albany some 400 yards, and thrown into line of battle extending from a field on the north to a field on the south. Scarcely had the lines been formed when the enemy, who had also been drawn up in line of battle in Calvary force from two to three hundred strong some five or six hundred yards from our line, were engaged by our advance under Lieut. Baker.
> And onward came Bloody Bill and his followers in hot pursuit of our advance guard with such hideous J shrieks and fiendish yells that made the very woods ring for miles. Such was Bloody Bill's mode of warfare. `Our advance retired to the rear of the infantry line, which opened the way for them.
> The enemy came on in full charge, yelling like Indians without firing a shot until they were within 75 or 80 yards of our line. Then the firing commenced on both sides and was kept up with great fierceness until the enemy came within 40 or 50 yards of our line.
> BLOODY BILL AND SOME FIVE OR SIX OF HIS ASSOCIATES IN CRIME came dashing considerably in the advance of their line and their chieftain Anderson, with one other supposed to be Lieut. Rains, son of rebel Gen. Rains, charged fearlessly through our lines and were both unhorsed close in our rear.
> Anderson fell dead upon the ground within 20 yards of our men, having received two balls in the left side of his head near the ear. The other raised and scrambled off into a field to our left, where he was found dead next day.
> The enemy, seeing their leader fall, could stand no longer but fled in wild confusion and returned no more. Our infantry stood firm and fought bravely throughout the contest. Many of the men and officers there deserve especial praise for their gallantry and cool bravery. The retreat of the advance guard to our rear caused a stampede of our horses behind but it was soon checked and did us but little damage.
> When the firing ceased, which did not last over 10 minutes before the enemy fled, our advance under Lieut. Baker came in front again and pursued the enemy some two miles, but fell further behind the farther he went.
> So the enemy was completely routed. We had four men wounded, three slightly. One James Mulligan, Daviess County, very severely received four balls, one entering the forehead, one through the hips, one through the arm and two fingers shot off; dangerously ill but yet alive. A brave and good man and most excellent soldier. We lost one horse dead on the field, one wounded and since dead.
> The enemy lost seven dead men, as stated by a prisoner and young wounded man of theirs, young Miller of Clay County, and some 10 or 12 wounded. But one fell immediately on the field. That was Anderson. Two more were found the next day close by.
> The same enemy passed through Millville early that night 25 miles from the battlefield. The battle was fought between two and three o'clock in the evening.
> We captured two fine horses in the fight, one supposed to be young Rains' and the other Anderson's. The infamous bushwhacker Bill Anderson rode a fine Iron Grey mare with a human scalp tied to the head stall of his bridle on the left rear. He came yelling and shooting and shot until he fell dead and when he fell he was making towards Capt. Woodruff of Daviess County who is another large man and was riding a large gray horse close behind the infantry carrying a flag in his hand.
> BLOODY BILL HAD FOUR REVOLVERS BUCKLED AROUND HIM AND TWO very large ones across his saddle. He was well dressed with rich, clothing. He had on a white wool hat with a long fine black plume in it; wore a fine net undershirt and over it one of fine black cloth most elegantly embroidered on the sleeves and breast; a fine blue cloth vest, and a close-bodied frock coat of excellent drab colored cassimere and pants of same.
> He had on his person a fine gold watch and chain and a silver one; $323 in gold and $273 in paper money besides some silver change and small paper currency and $18 in Confederate money.
> He also had his own likeness and another supposed to be his wife's and in his pocketbook was also found a short memorandum which we suppose is from his wife, though he passed himself off through this country for a single man.
> After going on to mention certain articles such as a dashing woman would fancy for dress and ornament and some toys for her babe, she winds up thus: `Your ever loving and obedient wife until death' (signed) `Bush Anderson, At home Friday evening, April 20th, 1864.' On the back of same was written: `Wm. T. Anderson, Bush Anderson, Grason County, Texas, April 20th, 1864, in pencil mark. Enclosed in this note was a small lock of fine dark chestnut brown hair.
> In his pocket was also found a receipt thus: `reed, of W.T. Anderson $360. (Signed) Presley Garvis.' Also two orders thus: `Head Quarters Army of Missouri, Boonville 11 October, 1864. Special Order: Capt. Anderson with his command will at once proceed to the north side of the Missouri River and permanently destroy the North Missouri Railroad going as' far east as practicable. He will report his operations at least every two days. By order of Maj. Gen (Sterling) Price.'
> And again: `To the officer in charge of the ferry boat: Capt. Anderson and his command will be crossed to the other side of the river after which the ferry boat will await orders on this side of the river. By order of Maj. Gen. Price.'
> Both of which there can be no doubt given are genuine and directed by Price. What now can our chivalrous friends of the South say in vindication of their boasted Missouri chieftain General Price: coming into our state under the Confederate flag, leading Missourians and commissioning bushwhackers, yea the infamous, cruel, fiendish Bloody Bill Anderson, for a long time a terror to honest men and women of Missouri.
> IN HIS POCKETS WERE ALSO FOUND TWO REBEL FLAGS, ONE ABOUT two feet long and 10 inches wide, another a small but very fine one some foot long and four inches wide, 12 stars on one side and 11 on the other and made of fine silk ribbon. On the middle stripe of which was written on one side, `Presented to Capt. Wm. T. Anderson by his friend M.L.R.' and on the other, `Don't let it be contaminated by Fed. hands.' As if anything from the hands of such a man as Anderson could be disgraced or be made worse by mortal man. To-the proof of which we need only refer to the cold blooded, heartless and unfeeling butchery of our fellow men at Centralia, unarmed and helpless.
> We brought his body off the battlefield and gave it a decent burial in a good coffin, deposited in the extreme south side of the public grave yard in Richmond, marking his resting, place with a head and foot board. Not that we had any respect for him, for God knows we are unable to see how an honest man or woman in Missouri could. But because we respected ourselves and felt that after death his body was but the lifeless remains of a human being and could no longer harm this world and feeling that our cause is a just Holy one we could not forget that we were American citizens and should be guided by feelings of humanity and civilization. God grant that our countrymen in this sanguinary struggle may remember and not disgrace our Anglo Saxon bloom.
> Photograph likenesses of Anderson before and after death were taken by Dr. Kice of Richmond and of which, General, I will send you. Thus passed away the infamous Bloody Bill Anderson "
> The photo death referred to is on our home page. Every time I see it beside the one of him in life, I am amazed at how perfectly the two photos match each other.
> Thanks to member Sally!
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