Loading ...
Sorry, an error occurred while loading the content.
 

Saga #15

Expand Messages
  • bobbees@juno.com
    ... Subject: Saga Continues: #15, Year #3 in the Field To: BEE-L@uacsc2.albany.edu From: deelusbybeekeeper@up2me.com Cc: ian@shaw38.freeserve.co.uk Date: 10
    Message 1 of 1 , Jan 28, 2000
      ------ Start of forwarded message -------

      Subject: Saga Continues:
      #15, Year #3 in the Field
      To: BEE-L@...
      From: deelusbybeekeeper@...
      Cc: ian@...
      Date: 10 Jan 2000 15:04:31 PST

      Retrogression Back to Normal: .............................. Year # 3
      in the Field................................................. We�ve
      talked about the process followed the first year for catching feral bees
      or retrogressing domesticated colonies from oversized brood foundation.
      We have also talked about the process to be followed the second year and
      how to look for visual signs that colonies of honeybees are cleansing
      themselves of parasitic mite and disease problems, to stabalize
      themselves. Beekeepers should continue catching feral swarms as a
      renewable resource for both honeybees and clean uncontaminated wax for
      recycling into foundation. Beekeepers need to plan how many hives to get
      ready for production the third year to end the fall season with colonies
      a minimum of 3 deep supers full of bees, pollen and honey, with all drawn
      4.9mm foundation. They also need to plan how many hives to set aside for
      the production of seed-frames to continue shake-downs each Spring, until
      all hives maintained are in the process of retrogressing back onto a
      natural biological system. It is suggested that newly caught feral
      swarms be allowed to do the balance of the drawing-out of foundation work
      each year, along with forced-splits (swarm cells in colonies,
      necessitating divides rather than having bees go to the bushes), until
      all hives maintained have been converted.............................
      .........................................................................
      ............................................... The third year is a
      big year for stabalization, for by now what hives are going to die, have.
      Further, what hives are going to survive, are. It is the year for
      beekeepers to start making limited honey production again. It is also the
      year to get 4.9mm comb foundation drawn-out, because beekeepers reaching
      this year with their bees should have whole boxes of brood to work with,
      including accompanying stores of honey and pollen, to start Spring
      build-up. By not having the first box of comb to drawout, beekeepers will
      find their hives will now start sooner in the Spring to brood and whiten
      comb; allowing for populations to build faster pot-progressive by at
      least one brood cycle......................................
      .........................................................................
      ............................................... It is critical this
      third year of hive retrogression to continue culling all combs not
      drawn-out properly. CULL ANY COMBS WITH MORE THAN 10% DRONE CELLS DRAWN
      ON ANY ONE FRAME SIDE. MAKE THIS A MANDATORY FIELD MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUE.
      ALSO CULL ANY COMBS DRAWN-OUT IN A BROKEN PATTERN HELTER-SKELTER. There
      is valid reason for doing this, i.e. 1) to prevent reproduction of mites
      in drone brood; 2) to prevent laying of workerbrood in too large a cell,
      therefore preventing/limiting reproduction of mites in these oversized
      cells too; 3) to help limit the spread of secondary diseases associated
      with mites, by their wound infection bites upon the exoskeleton of the
      bees (varroa mites) or their internal organs (tracheal
      Mites).........................................
      .........................................................................
      ...............................................It is important for
      beekeepers going back to biological beekeeping with accompanying
      decontamination processing of their wax combs (melt combs down and
      restart their outfits), that they REFRAIN FROM FURTHER USE OF CHEMICALS,
      ESSENTIAL OILS, AND ANTIBOTICS, so that it will not become necessary to
      do it again, due to the excessive time and cost involved, both to
      themselves and more importantly, their bees. Beekeepers must remember
      that pesticides and other foreign substances have been shown to be both
      moveable into wax and out of wax into honey. Once the decision is made
      and action of decontamination processing is accomplished, beekeepers must
      remember they need their wax to continually become less and less
      saturated by diluting, with their bees help, what little residues are
      left in the foundation bases they milled from recycled wax to restart
      their colonies. To be biologically sound in management, beekeepers need
      to refrain from reintroducing foreign substances, especially contact
      poision treatments that allow during the course of their bees movement
      within their hives, the addition of new layers of contamination. If this
      would happen, it would have the effect of re-elevating residues they
      worked so hard to get rid of during decontamination processing, besides
      recontaminating woodenware (frames, supers,tops, bottoms,etc.). This
      would have the effect of making it necessary to restart decontamination
      processing all over again if biological beekeeping is still their
      end-goal! ..
      .........................................................................
      ............................................... Beekeepers need to
      plan on marking their frames if they can acquire uncontaminated beeswax
      from either feral cut-outs or purchase on the open market, to recycle
      into new foundation base, that shows the wax to be fully clean, rather
      than having gone through decontamiantion processing that still might
      contain some residues. Later (figure 4-5 years average), after their
      hives have stabalized and they are extracting clean wax (no new added
      residues to the foundation base, making for 90% new wax added by bees,
      with the caps being essentiallly nondectable), beekeepers should cull
      marked decontaminated frames again (those combs that still have some
      residues locked within the foundation base from the 1st decontamination
      processing) and reprocess the wax, selling to bulk buyers or process into
      candles and sell. These frames should be replaced by clean wax from
      extracting or feral cut-out wax (or both) that has been recycled into
      foundation base.(Note: Honeybees will rarely take the trouble to thin
      down the cell base bottom on milled foundation, but they will readily
      thin down and reeuse the wax contained in thick cell walls on foundation
      base. Therefore, to lockin as much decontaminated wax as possible from
      the 1st decontamination processing into the foundation base after
      recycling wax, the foundation must be made thin when embossing, to mimic
      the old �Diamond Match� pattern without the cell walls, so that the bees
      will add new uncontaminated wax cell-walls, while not reusing the wax in
      the foundation base bottoms. This way, by the time the cells are drawnout
      with fresh clean wax from the bees own wax glands, the cappings should be
      safe to cut off for recycling.)........................................
      .........................................................................
      ............................................... The above marking and
      sorting of frames within colonies is time consuming, as is the second
      recycling of comb wax from those frames still containing small amounts of
      residues left after the 1st recycling, but beekeepers will find marking
      will be mandatory to go through if they are ever to become fully
      biological in their beekeeping, with the end purpose of selling ORGANIC
      HONEY, POLLEN, PROPOLIS, AND WAX. Beekeepers cannot technically manage
      and sell natural products of honeybees and use substances foreign to a
      hive that contaminate any of these hive products (Note: This would also
      include larvae, eggs, brood, etc.). The best way to avoid having to go
      through this process is to not have used chemicals, essential oils, or
      antibotics to begin with; and/or to have access to clean uncontaminated
      feral cutout wax or purchase uncontaminated wax from someone else. Either
      way, it�s not going to be easy to take the longway back to biological
      beekeeping!.........
      .........................................................................
      ...............................................
      ====================================================== Beekeepers
      actively manipulating and working colonies up during the third year, need
      to learn to manage their bees using traditional-style unlimited
      broodnests, to end the fall season with colonies a minimum of 3 deep
      supers of bees, pollen, and honey. This will average out to about a box
      of pollen, a box of honey, and a box of bees at the start of winter, but
      not necesarily in 3 separate supers. Above these supers are stacked, when
      needed, the honey supers without the use of queen excluders to separate
      them from the broodnest. With this traditional-style broodnest,
      beekeepers will find that the bees will place a majority of the pollen in
      the bottom half of the hive, while a majority of the honey will be in the
      top half. Brood will be throughout with a good flow on, but for
      wintering, many will center with the cluster, droping down towards Spring
      and then quickly expanding upward as the season turns on..........
      .........................................................................
      ............................................... It is recommended to
      let the bees expand to their full potential in the course of the year,
      supering new boxes of foundation as necessary while at the same time
      working it in. Beekeepers are urged to make splits only as necessary when
      swarm cells appear, to keep the bees from going to the bushes, by setting
      down a box of bees, with accompanying brood, pollen, and honey, and most
      importantly - THE OLD QUEEN. Leave the old stand (hive) with the majority
      of the bees and field workers to raise the new one. Keep the hives worked
      and opened-up at all times. This means leaving empty frames for the queen
      to lay in or new foundation for the hives to draw-out. DO NOT LET THE
      HIVES HANKER-DOWN (force the queen down with frames full of honey and
      pollen during the flows). Feral bees need plenty of room for expansion
      and WHEN CRAMPED THEY SWARM. If you must, resituate the combs within the
      hives. Bottom box: 1 honey frame on outsides, next 2 pollen on outsides
      coming towards center, equals 6 frames, with the remaining 4 for brood.
      Second Box: 2 honey on outsides, next 1 pollen on outsides coming towards
      center, equals 6 frames, with the remaining 4 for brood. Third Box: 3
      honey on outsides, next 1 pollen on outsides coming towards center,
      equals 6 frames, with the remaining 4 for brood. In the fall as the
      season downswings, let the bees fillout the third box completely for
      overwintering in colder areas. (Note: above this set-up are the honey
      supers!) What is traditionally kept in the 3 main boxes of the broodnest
      belongs to the bees - DO NOT TOUCH THEIR STORES, THEY WILL NEED IT IN THE
      SPRING TO COME ON STRONG, EARLY, AND FAST. (Note: Once a hive is strong,
      if it hankers-down with stores and you are actively working the bees up,
      give the extra stores to a slower paced hive or a hive started late in
      the season for carry-over stores, so you will not have to feed them. Once
      you have enough for the bees, then start extracting for yourself on a
      limited basis this third year. But remember that the objective is to get
      the bees back to existing on their own biologically with ample stores.
      Once you arrive there and secure your bees� survivalability, then many
      things become possible, including extracting honey for profit.
      ..........................................
      .........................................................................
      ...............................................**************************
      **********************************The Saga continues. In the next session
      we will begin talking about bee breeding. So stay tuned for the
      continuing saga. Copy at will, forward at will. Disagree or agree, but
      remember this...oils, chemicals, and drugs are no solution and we as an
      industry will prevail by retrogressing our bees back onto a natural
      system of beekeeping before man decided bigger was better and could breed
      better than GOD. Signed: Dee and Ed Lusby, USA, 1-520-748-0542, EMAIL:
      deelusbybeekeeper@.........Remember the best things in life are
      free including the birds and the BEES, kept by traditional methods that
      stand the test of time eternal.


      ______________________________________________________________
      Get your FREE Web based email account now at www.up2mail.com -
      and send and receive emails worldwide!

      ------- End of forwarded message -------


      ______________________________________________________________
      Get your FREE Web based email account now at www.up2mail.com -
      and send and receive emails worldwide!
      Bob & Teresa Butcher
      May the Good Lord Bless you and keep you.
      Come and join us.
      fervent-in prayer@onelist.com
      chess-challengers@onelist.com

      ________________________________________________________________
      YOU'RE PAYING TOO MUCH FOR THE INTERNET!
      Juno now offers FREE Internet Access!
      Try it today - there's no risk! For your FREE software, visit:
      http://dl.www.juno.com/get/tagj.
    Your message has been successfully submitted and would be delivered to recipients shortly.