- Greetings and salutations to you all,
I was wondering if anyone could help me out with reliable references
for farming in England in the 16th century? Internet sources are fine
for now--I don't have consistent access to libraries at the moment,
and this isn't an in-depth scholarly review. I'm also aware that this
isn't a typical question for the list, but I figured this would be one
of the best sources available to me at this time. Some of the
questions/assumptions I'm trying to ascertain the truth of:
1. How much land could a single person be expected to farm
themselves? E.g. I know that one acre was the amount of land that one
person was supposed to be able to plough in a day. However, how many
acres one person could reasonably be expected to look after in the
course of the year does not automatically follow, since there is
planting, weeding, harvesting, etc. to take into consideration. Not
to mention the fallow fields.
2. Does anyone have information on when the move from common fields
to the more modern hedged-fields took place? My understanding is that
early fields were usually strips, without much separation by hedges or
other barriers. Usually farmers would have several fields in better
and worse areas so nobody would be farming *only* the good land, near
the river, let's say. However, eventually people started
consolidating the fields so that one farmer worked fields that were as
contiguous as possible to lessen the overall waste caused by them
trying to look after fields that could be on opposite sides of a
settlement. I'm trying to figure out if I have the gist of it or if
I'm way off base and most of my books are still in storage :'(
3. Landed Gentry: This term seems to be post period, but from what
I've seen its roots (or at least the roots of those it describes)
appear to be in the 15th and 16th centuries, with non-noble freemen
who are able to acquire land and get other farmers to work it, so that
they, themselves, no longer need to actually labor in their fields.
Thus they end up somewhere between the knights (and later baronets)
and the common yeomen and husbandmen. I want to say that it is this
general class of person that is often titled 'esquire' in the 18th
century, though I'd have to go check that again.
I know it is a pretty tall order, and I'm doing my best to go through
what I can find online right now, but I thought that there might be
someone out there with particularly pertinent suggestions, or who
could at least point out sources of greater respect than others.
-E. G. Logan
- --- In Authentic_SCA@yahoogroups.com, "JL Badgley" <tatsushu@...> wrote:
> I was wondering if anyone could help me out with reliable references
> for farming in England in the 16th century? >
> -E. G. Logan
You can contact the Frontier Culture Musseum of Virginia. They have
relocated and reassembled a Tudor era farmhouse to their site, and are
operating it, along with other European farms.
Hope that helps some.