Giant tombstones are Stonehenge
- Solved ..Giant tombstones are Stonehengeby William Atkins - 31 May 2008
New seven-year investigative study by UK archaeologists concludes that Stonehenge was a cemetery, basing their conclusions on radiocarbon dating of human remains from the ancient site.The purpose of prehistoric Stonehenge, according to scientists and others, has ranged from a burial ground, healing site, astronomical observatory, to Moon worshipping temple, and even as an alien UFO landing spot.
However, a new study by UK archaeologists--led by Mike Parker-Pearson, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom--have used radiocarbon dating, for the very first time, to analyze human cremations excavated from the site...
From their scientific analysis of the human remains, the Parker-Pearson team suggests that Stonehenge was used as a cemetery for five hundred years, beginning from its earliest recorded construction around 3000 B.C.about 5,000 years ago.
Parker-Pearson states, It is clear that the burials were a major component of Stonehenge in all its main stages. This was a cemetery which grew over many centuries." [New Scientist:
He adds, "This is really exciting, because it shows that Stonehenge, from its beginning to its zenith, is being used as a place to physically put the remains of the dead. [National Geographic: Stonehenge Was Cemetery First and Foremost, Study Says]
One of the theories of Stonehenge holds that it was only a cemetery later in its existence, and only for about one hundred yearspossibly from 2800 B.C. to 2700 B.C.
However, the radiocarbon dating technique of three of fifty-two cremation burials, which were excavated in the 1920s, show clear indications that the burials were part of a cemetery.
Radiocarbon dating is a technique that uses the naturally occurring radioisotope called carbon-14 to determine the age of carbonaceous (rich in carbon) materials that are as old as 60,000 years.
The other forty-nine human remains were re-buried after it was found that they had inconsequential scientific value.
What did the analysis of the three human remains find?
One (of the three) of the human remains was found in an area called Aubrey Holes, which circle the Stonehenge site.
This oldest of the three remains was found to date around 3030 B.C. to 2,880 B.C.
The other two remains, which were analyzed by the UK team, were found to have been buried between 2930 B.C. and 2870 B.C., for the second oldest one, and 2570 B.C. and 2340 B.C., for the third oldest one.
The third one is considered to have been buried around the time the sarsen stones (the large upright stones) were first erected at the site.
Sarsen stones are stone blocks commonly found on the Salisbury Plain, the Marlborough Downs, and in Kent. They are also found in Osfordshire, Berkshire, Dorset, and Hampshire, within the United Kingdom.
A dense, hard rock that once covered much of southern England, sarsen stones are formed from sand bound by a silica cement...
Additional information about this new study by the Parker-Pearson team is found on the National Geographic website Stonehenge Was Cemetery First and Foremost, Study Says.