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Written language of the Maya shocks scientists with its brutality

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  • ancientstar@earthlink.net
    Written language of the Maya shocks scientists with its brutality 06/27/2005 16:44 Scientists found out that the Maya used severed human heads as soccer balls
    Message 1 of 5 , Jul 1, 2005
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      Written language of the Maya shocks scientists with its brutality

      06/27/2005 16:44

      Scientists found out that the Maya used severed human heads as soccer balls to play games with

      It has been scientifically proved that America's ancient inhabitants, the Maya, used to wrap the deceased in caoutchouc and evaporate the mummies in humid tropical jungle, like in a sauna.

      The archaeological area of 113 megapolises and neighboring towns is situated on the square of 1200 kilometers. Scientists uncovered a lilac-colored stone knife and two skeletons, which belonged to personas of royal blood. One of them was colored with vermillion. A leading archaeologist, Oscar Quintana, acknowledged that scientists had uncovered the center of the bloody cult of the Maya. American anthropologist David Webster is certain that the Maya were using almost painless pleasure from battles and fights. The scientist does not exclude that it was one of the reasons for the ancient civilization to decline.

      The Mayan civilization left its traces on the vast territory from Mexico to Honduras. Below is a short list of most recent and interesting findings:

      - The use of caoutchouc as a substance to embalm mummies indicates the Egyptian tradition;
      - A mural of a man, discovered in San Bartolo, Guatemala, who was trying to pierce his penis with a skate spike;
      - Wooden constructions, various tools, a bath house and benches were uncovered from under layers of volcanic ashes in one of the Mayan villages in the north of Salvador (the 6th century).

      Unfortunately, black diggers steal the majority of archaeological treasures. The number of illegal excavations on the sites, where the Maya used to live, already exceeds 3,000. The number continues growing. Oscar Quintana regrets about the disappearance of an ancient mask, which was made some 1,400 years ago. The tongue of the mask was made of a shark tooth.

      Archeologists still do not know how the Maya managed to make perfectly straight streets (sakbes) for they had neither horse traction nor carts. Such streets reach up to 100 kilometers in length. Scientists also try to find out the rules of the strange game, when the Mayans used human heads as soccer balls.

      Ian Graham was collecting the juice of the chikli tree, the basis for the production of gum, in the jungle of Guatemala in 1959. Graham and a group of his guides found the ruins of the ancient Maya civilization in one of the valleys, lost in lianas. Graham took pictures and made drawings of some 400 hieroglyphic symbols of the Maya, which the scientist subsequently sent to the Peabody Museum in Massachusetts. The Maya hieroglyphs represent the only system of written languages of American aborigines. Experts managed to declassify about 85 percent of ancient documents so far.

      Dates and figures of the Maya were unveiled in the 19th century. However, the key to the secret of the Maya's written language was found in the 1950s.
       
      The Maya inhabited the territory of modern Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras and Belize. Hieroglyphic texts were made during the so-called classic period of the Maya epoch, between 250 and 900 years A.D. The Maya deserted their large cities after that period, and their civilization mysteriously perished.

      Spanish conquistadors conquered the population of this region in the 16th century and destroyed a big part of their culture. The Maya books were burnt, only a small amount of them was lucky to be preserved. Missionaries of the Roman Catholic Church continued the destruction of the civilization after the conquistadors. The history of the written language code of the Maya commenced from the moment, when one of the Roman missionaries, bishop Diego de Landa, started asking questions about the Mayan language.

      Russian linguist, Yury Knorozov, discovered in 1952 that characters of the Mayan written language referred to sound, not to actual letters of the alphabet. It was revealed that the Maya used two types of the symbols for their writing. Some of the symbols indicated a whole word. For example, a drawing, depicting a spotted, long-toothed animal, stands for "jaguar." Other symbols indicated such combinations of sounds as "la," "ka," "ma." All those symbols put together make the word, which could be pronounced as "lakam," which means "the flag." People know it from the Mayan-Spanish dictionary of the 16th century. The Maya used up to 500 symbolic characters, which are read in either the left-right or the top-down direction.

      US architect of the Russian origin, Tatiana Proskuryakova, noted in 1960 that there was a special symbol placed next to an image of a person being pulled by his hair. The scientist declassified the meaning of that symbol as "chukai" - "to be taken prisoner."

      Modern specialists have also been able to declassify Mayan calendars, as well astronomical data and the system of calculation - scientists were amazed to see how precise they were. One of the ancient calendars counted 18 months, 20 days each, 360 days in total, which were followed with five "unlucky" days. Specialists presumed that the Maya were a peace-loving nation that was spending the majority of their time looking up at the sky and watching stars.

      Linda Schele, an expert on the hieroglyphic writing of the Maya, published texts in the 1980s, which contained the description of the bloodletting ceremony. Maya rulers would let their own blood flow out on rind-made paper. After that they would burn the blood-stained paper offering it in sacrifice to their gods and ancestors.

      Igor Bukker

      http://english.pravda.ru/img/2005/06/maya







    • Theou Falcata
      ... This article is like eerie echos of the earliest Assyrians culture (if memory serves). Theo
      Message 2 of 5 , Jul 1, 2005
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        --- In AtlantisMysteries@yahoogroups.com, <ancientstar@e...> wrote:
        >
        > Written language of the Maya shocks scientists with its brutality

        This article is like eerie echos of the earliest Assyrians culture (if
        memory serves).

        Theo
      • ancientstar@earthlink.net
        Do you suppose they were related? Cuneiform has been found inscribed on ancient So. American objects. specially around Lake Titicaca, wherein the writers
        Message 3 of 5 , Jul 1, 2005
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          Do you suppose they were related?   Cuneiform has been found
          inscribed on ancient So. American objects.  specially around
          Lake Titicaca, wherein the writers allegedly had tin mines, etc.
           
          Kat
          ----- Original Message -----
          Sent: Friday, July 01, 2005 10:41 AM
          Subject: [AtlantisMysteries] Re: Written language of the Maya shocks scientists with its brutality

          --- In AtlantisMysteries@yahoogroups.com, <ancientstar@e...> wrote:

          > Written language of the Maya shocks scientists with its brutality

          This article is like eerie echos of the earliest Assyrians culture (if
          memory serves).

          Theo

        • judithhedden@webtv.net
          Hello List, yes Theo, exactly! Remember the Assyirian king who stated that he had relocated tribes of people through-out the far corners of the world? Recall
          Message 4 of 5 , Jul 1, 2005
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            Hello List,
            yes Theo, exactly! Remember the Assyirian king who stated that he had
            relocated tribes of people through-out the far corners of the world?
            Recall reading of a man who spent the active part of his life rounding
            up all the ancient foreign manuscripts in north America, must have been
            allot of them, in the 1700's. Another report I read of a one man who
            claimed to have found a old trunk in a cave in Missouri filled with them
            and a letter attached to the ones describing Assyirian saying that they
            had originally been found inside of Indian mound culture but failed to
            mention which one.
            Seems the major problem is that historians insist upon viewing the
            globe as too big and imposing their own limitations upon the ancients
            while ignoring the obvious to argue over stupid non-essentials.
            Such as the how people got to the Americas or any other place for
            that matter. One look at our globe proves it can be walked around with
            only few exceptions. How much brains does it take to cut down some
            trees, gather hemp and put together a make shift barge or build some
            large canoes to navigate across those few exceptions?

            Warm regards to all, Lea.
          • Theou Falcata
            We may be on to something here. Ok. The assyrian language was related to ugaritic and later aramaic/syrian. Here are the scripts.
            Message 5 of 5 , Jul 1, 2005
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              We may be on to something here. Ok. The assyrian language was related
              to ugaritic and later aramaic/syrian. Here are the scripts.

              http://www.ancientscripts.com/ugaritic.html
              http://www.ancientscripts.com/aramaic.html

              Here's a description of their violent nature I put together:

              Assyria was essentially a military power, and the historical picture
              left of its exploits is one of great cruelty and rapaciousness. One of
              their warrior monarchs, Ashurnasirpal, describes his punishment of
              several rebellious cities in this way:

              "I built a pillar over against his city gate, and I flayed all the
              chief men who had revolted, and I covered the pillar with their skins;
              some I walled up within the pillar, some I impaled upon the pillar on
              stakes, . . . and I cut off the limbs of the officers, of the royal
              officers who had rebelled. . . . Many captives from among them I
              burned with fire, and many I took as living captives. From some I cut
              off their hands and their fingers, and from others I cut off their
              noses, their ears, and their fingers(?), of many I put out the eyes. I
              made one pillar of the living, and another of heads, and I bound their
              heads to posts (tree trunks) round about the city. Their young men and
              maidens I burned in the fire . . . Twenty men I captured alive and I
              immured them in the wall of his palace. . . . The rest of them [their
              warriors] I consumed with thirst in the desert of the Euphrates."

              Reliefs often show their captives being led by cords attached to hooks
              that pierced the nose or the lips, or having their eyes put out at the
              point of a spear. Thus, sadistic torture was a frequent feature of
              Assyrian warfare, about which they shamelessly boasted and which they
              carefully recorded. The knowledge of their cruelty doubtless served
              them to an advantage militarily, striking terror into the hearts of
              those in their line of attack and often causing resistance to crumble.
              Assyria's capital, Nineveh, was aptly described as a lair of lions and
              as the city of bloodshed.

              There are also reliefs of them playing "polo" with heads.

              Theo
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