Re: The genetic legacy of religious diversity and intolerance: paternal lineages of christians, jews, and muslims in the iberian peninsula.
Thanks for putting up this excellent study. That there are no Q1b's attests to our uniqueness. I continue to say that the evidence shows that 99% of the Q1b's in the European population are us, i.e. Ashkenazi Jewish.
Clearly the source of the M378 marker that makes us Q1b is not Iberia. As of now I still like the Radanite connection to Sindhi.
--- In Ashkenazi-Q@yahoogroups.com, Rebekah Canada <rebekahthorn@...> wrote:
> I have uploaded the files. There is nothing that looks like Q1b in
> Iberia. Ted Kandell confirmed the lack of G2c. T and R2 are also
> Adams SM, Bosch E, Balaresque PL, Ballereau SJ, Lee AC, Arroyo E, et
> al. The genetic legacy of religious diversity and intolerance:
> paternal lineages of christians, jews, and muslims in the iberian
> peninsula. American journal of human genetics. 2008 Dec;83(6):725-36.
> Most studies of European genetic diversity have focused on large-scale
> variation and interpretations based on events in prehistory, but
> migrations and invasions in historical times could also have had
> profound effects on the genetic landscape. The Iberian Peninsula
> provides a suitable region for examination of the demographic impact
> of such recent events, because its complex recent history has involved
> the long-term residence of two very different populations with
> distinct geographical origins and their own particular cultural and
> religious characteristics-North African Muslims and Sephardic Jews. To
> address this issue, we analyzed Y chromosome haplotypes, which provide
> the necessary phylogeographic resolution, in 1140 males from the
> Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands. Admixture analysis based on
> binary and Y-STR haplotypes indicates a high mean proportion of
> ancestry from North African (10.6%) and Sephardic Jewish (19.8%)
> sources. Despite alternative possible sources for lineages ascribed a
> Sephardic Jewish origin, these proportions attest to a high level of
> religious conversion (whether voluntary or enforced), driven by
> historical episodes of social and religious intolerance, that
> ultimately led to the integration of descendants. In agreement with
> the historical record, analysis of haplotype sharing and diversity
> within specific haplogroups suggests that the Sephardic Jewish
> component is the more ancient. The geographical distribution of North
> African ancestry in the peninsula does not reflect the initial
> colonization and subsequent withdrawal and is likely to result from
> later enforced population movement-more marked in some regions than in
> others-plus the effects of genetic drift.