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Unlocking the secrets of history

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  • Ancient Star
    Unlocking the secrets of history Hamed Thabet For Yemen Times n ancient Yemen, people believed in life after death. Their belief in resurrection was essential
    Message 1 of 1 , Oct 1, 2007
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      Unlocking the secrets of history
      Hamed Thabet For Yemen Times 
      n ancient Yemen, people believed in life after death. Their belief in resurrection was essential to ensure a safe passage to the afterlife for their dead. Mummification was an important step to ensuring one's afterlife in ancient Yemen. However contradictory to their belief, not only the dead lost their way to the afterworld; sadly, the mummies have never crossed the boundaries of their tombs. So where did all the mummies go?

      According to the researchers, In the ancient days, Yemen was one of the most famous countries in the world with its civilization and secrets. Unfortunately, the sad truth is that there are huge numbers of mummies in Yemen that have not been revealed and introduced to the international community...

      For the first time, ,Windol Fliees, the head of an American expedition group found samples in Ma’reb in 1951-1952 in the graveyard or cemetery of Awam Temple called Haied Bin Aqeed. But the important discovery was in 1983 in Shebam Al Garas by the archeology expedition department, which found 26 Mummies at a depth of 60 centimeters, and among all those, only one has survived. Moreover, in 1991 Mummies have been found in the Al Noman mountain in Al Mahweet governorate, and until today their work is not finished as there are many more. In 1994 in Saih Bani Matar, Mummies have been found in natural caves, but unfortunately, no one has examined them until this date; because there are no specialists and experts to study the tombs and the bodies. In 1999, another body was found in Shaoob and finally a local found a Mummy of a small child in Damar...

      Abdul Hakim explained the ancient Yemeni steps of mummification , saying the theory and idea of Mummies in Yemen are the same as that of any other country but of course each have their own system of embalmment. On the basis of some researches on Mummies, a kind of plant called Al Ra’a, was found in all the bodies, and also chemical materials like oxides of iron and sulfur dioxide. Furthermore, camel oil was found to be the principle agent of embalming the dead.

      During this process, they would tear the stomach, take out the bowels, and put the plant material and distribute the chemicals in a way that would fill the stomach in order to keep it preserved. The body was covered and painted with
      a color called Henna. Furthermore, the shrouding process in Yemeni Mummies took several steps. Firstly, rolls with silk and then leather were placed on the body and if the person was rich more money was spent for more rolls of silk and leather rolls. Nevertheless, some Mummies that were found in Shaoob in Sana’a were embalmed by shrouding, using cotton and straw. After putting the materials, the body was well dressed and adorned with new shoes, coats, and mineral rings in order to drive away evil spirits...

      It is hard to differentiate between Yemeni Mummies and the Egyptian ones, as there is absolutely no information and studies, but the only difference that we can tell for now is that mummies in Egypt took everything they could with them , furthermore there tombs told the story of their lives. The Yemeni ones, on the other hand, are different because they just took with them a small weapon, food, and a ring on one of their toes. Specialists inferred the main goal was forgiveness from the gods (Al-Rahman Thi Samawi) and they would give themselves to their gods asking for peace and love.

      In addition, the materials that were used in mummification indicate that ancient Yemenis had very advanced medical and scientific information and methods. It also indicated that Yemenis had lived luxurious life as most of the materials were very expensive at the time...
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