An interesting "blurb" on Edom
- Some of this interests me quite a bit... other items
not so. But I provide it to the readers:
EDOM, EDOMITES: The country known in the Old Testament principally as
Edom (Hebr. 'Edhom, Assyr. Udtcmu or Udumi, The Egyptian Aduma) lay
southeast of Country Palestine, and included the valley and of the
Arabah south of the Dead Sea, its approximately 100 miles in length,
Names. and the mountain ranges which border it, with a somewhat
indefinite extent of territory east and west, corresponding to the
The name most probably means " Red (Land)," from the color of the
sandstone cliffs which are a prominent feature of the topography.
Other possibilities are that Edom is the name of a deity, or that it
means " man (par excelteyece)," being connected with " Adam," the
Bible name for the first man. The country is also known as Seir and
Mount Seir (Heb. Se'ir, "hairy," possibly from the effect of the
wooded or brushy crests of the mountains as seen from a distance, Gen.
xxv. 25, 30,xxvii. 11, 23, xxxii. 3; Num. xxiv. 18; Deut. i. 44; and
often); and, poetically, " the mountains of Esau " (Obad. 8-9, 19,
21). ["Hairy" could also be a reference to the inhabitants having
a LOT of "hair".]
The later name was Idumea (Isa. xxxiv. 5-6; Ezek. xxxv. 15, xxxvi. 5;
Mark iii. 8). The region is at present for the moat part barren,
though por tions in the east are not only tillable but luxuriantly
fertile. The valley has an elevation of 600 feet near the middle part
of its length, and slopes northward down to the Dead Sea, and south to
the eastern arm of the Red Sea. Among its cities were Maon (Judges x.
12), the present Ma'an; Punon or Pinon (Num. xxxiii. 42-43; cf. Gen.
xxxvi. 41); Bozrah (Gen. xxxvi. 33, and often), probably the capital,
the modern Buseirah; Selah or Petra (I1 Kings xiv. 7). Possibly Teman
(Gen. xxxvi. 34; Jer. xlix. 7, 20; Amos i. 12; and often) was the name
of a district, 78 not of a city. An important feature of the country
were the trade-routes which cut or skirted it, especially that from
Damascus to the Red Sea, and the eastern and western road from
Babylonia to Egypt.
...The Old Testament makes ...them descendants of Esau (who is
.... given the name Edom because of his coloring; cf. Gen. xxv. 25),
the elder brother of Jacob-Israel. This statement of the relationship
of the two brothers is the expression of the consciousness in Israel
of the earlier origin or crystallization into nationality of the
Edomitea. But the latter appear as the conquering invaders of the
country, not as the autochthonous inhabitants, who are called " sons
of Seir the Horite " or "Horitea " (Gen. xxxvi. 2, 20; Dent. ii. 12,
22; cf. the Egyptian Sca'a2rn; "Horitea" probably means troglodytes;
[This happens to be the SAME name given to the Blemmyes or Medjay!]
..."Horitea"- cf. the Egyptian designation of the people as Haru), who
are represented as continuing in the land, while the Egyptian reports
of two peoples as " Beduin from Aduma" and Sa'aira existing side by
side east of Egypt corroborate the representation.
...Divine names form elements in the names usually borne by Edomites,
and it has been shown to be plausible that the name Edom belonged to a
deity who became the eponymous ancestor of the people (cf. the names
Gad and Asher [qq.v.]). The name Obodedom, " servant of Edom " (found
also in an inscription from Carthage), is much in favor of this
hypothesis, while an Egyptian papyrus knows of a goddess Atuma,
possibly implying a Semitic male deity Atum.
[Ah!.... or the EGYPTIAN male deity.... Atum!!!!]
...Ye'ush, an Edomite clan name (Gen. xxxvi. 5), may be the Edomitic
form of Ya'uth, the name of an Arabic deity. Josephus (Ant. XV.,
vii. 9) knows of an Edomitic deity Koze, and he is corroborated by
numerous inscriptions in cognate languages and by the element Kaus
appearing in proper names (see below).
[A possible link to the Egyptian name for Edom: Keshu/Kashu!?]
Nothing is known of Edomitic civilization, though the trade-routes
passing through the land must have had results in this direction. One
of Job's friends was Eliphaz of Teman, presumably an Edomite, and it
has been plausibly suggested that the Book of Job is Edomitic. "
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