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Re: ABH Re: Evolution and Revelation

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  • lloyd barre
    No, no possibility. ... [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
    Message 1 of 73 , Jul 2, 2013
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      No, no possibility.


      On Fri, Jun 28, 2013 at 10:39 AM, Ahobeth@... <ahobeth@...>wrote:

      > **
      >
      >
      > Any possibility of Arab an link to egyptian ra ba, sun god father soul?
      > Sincerely, Aris M. Hobeth
      >
      > Sent from my iPad
      >
      > On Jun 28, 2013, at 9:17 AM, "Holly" <gmrf@...> wrote:
      >
      > > Hey LM:
      > >
      > > Considering that the Masoretic texts were 'standardized' under auspices
      > of the Arab Caliphates and considering that some scholars have proposed
      > that the 'hapiru' and the 'aribi' were the same people, perhaps an academic
      > nod in the direction of the Arab culture is warranted.
      > >
      > > http://shr.receptidocs.ru/docs/7/6456/conv_1/file1.pdf
      > >
      > > According to Versteegh 1997: 24 the etymology of the name 'Arabs' is
      > unknown.The people called Hapiru in the Mari inscriptions may be the Aribi
      > mentioned in later Assyrian inscriptions and this name may be derived from
      > Sumerian gab.blr meaning 'desert'. Versteegh also refers to the theory
      > which links the name 'Arabs'to the Semitic root 'BR 'to cross (the
      > desert)'. This may also be the etymology ofthe name 'Hebrews'.
      > > end quote
      > >
      > > One must also consider that the Arab culture is the oldest uninterrupted
      > Semitic culture in the Middle East, so academics should refer to this
      > culture in order to understand the cultures presented in Biblical texts.
      > The Hebrew culture was irrevocably interrupted by the Roman victory in the
      > Roman Jewish Wars, which makes the Arab culture vital to understanding the
      > language and the ancient cultural milieu presented in the Bible.
      > >
      > > And I agree that the Biblical books are fascinating literature and a
      > great study in the cultural anthropology of the ancient Semites.
      > >
      > > Holly
      > >
      > > --- In AncientBibleHistory@yahoogroups.com, lloyd barre <lmbarre@...>
      > wrote:
      > > >
      > > > Ian,
      > > >
      > > > The Bible is not nonsense. It is literature, preserving some very
      > ancient
      > > > ideas and history. Of course it is not science. No need to get mad at
      > it
      > > > for not being scientific.
      > > >
      > > > Holly is all about her Arabic culture. She is very patriotic.
      > > >
      > > > On Wed, Jun 26, 2013 at 1:29 PM, Holly <gmrf@...> wrote:
      > > >
      > > > > **
      > > > >
      > > > >
      > > > > Ian:
      > > > >
      > > > > The 'theory' of evolution originated with the Muslims. Ideas on
      > theistic
      > > > > evolution can be found in Islamic philosophy as far back as the
      > Islamic
      > > > > Golden Age (8th to 15th centuries), when early ideas on evolution
      > were
      > > > > taught in Islamic schools. John William Draper, the 19th-century
      > scientist,
      > > > > philosopher and historian, discussed the 12th-century writings of
      > > > > Al-Khazini as part of what he called the "Mohammedan theory of
      > evolution".
      > > > > He compared these early ideas to later biological theories, arguing
      > that
      > > > > the former were developed "� much farther than we are disposed to do,
      > > > > extending them even to inorganic or mineral things"
      > > > >
      > > > > The first Islamic biologist and philosopher to speculate in detail
      > about
      > > > > evolution was the Afro-Arab writer Al-Jahiz in the 9th century. In
      > the Book
      > > > > of Animals, he speculated on the influence of the environment on
      > animals
      > > > > and developed an early theory of evolution. Al-Jahiz considered the
      > effects
      > > > > of the environment on the likelihood of an animal to survive, and
      > first
      > > > > described the natural struggle for existence. He described the
      > struggle for
      > > > > existence in terms that anticipate natural selection. Al-Jahiz'
      > ideas on
      > > > > the struggle for existence in the Book of Animals have been
      > summarized as
      > > > > follows:
      > > > >
      > > > > "Animals engage in a struggle for existence; for resources, to avoid
      > being
      > > > > eaten and to breed. Environmental factors influence organisms to
      > develop
      > > > > new characteristics to ensure survival, thus transforming into new
      > species.
      > > > > Animals that survive to breed can pass on their successful
      > characteristics
      > > > > to offspring."
      > > > >
      > > > > Ibn Miskawayh's al-Fawz al-Asghar and the Brethren of Purity's
      > > > > Encyclopedia of the Bretheren of Purity (The Epistles of Ikhwan
      > al-Safa)
      > > > > set forth ideas on how species developed: from matter into vapor and
      > thence
      > > > > to water, then minerals into plants and then animals, leading to
      > apes and,
      > > > > finally, humans. (End Quote)
      > > > >
      > > > > Another Islamic scholar who advocated the theory of evolution was Ibn
      > > > > Khaldun. According to the Wikipedia Article entitled Muqaddimah
      > (Universal
      > > > > History), a book written in 1377 by the renowned Islamic scientist
      > and
      > > > > philosopher Ibn Khaldun:
      > > > >
      > > > > Some of Ibn Khaldun's thoughts, according to some commentators,
      > anticipate
      > > > > the biological theory of evolution. Ibn Khaldun asserted that humans
      > > > > developed from "the world of the monkeys", in a process by which
      > "species
      > > > > become more numerous" in Chapter 1 of the Muqaddimah:
      > > > >
      > > > > This world with all the created things in it has a certain order and
      > solid
      > > > > construction. It shows nexuses between causes and things caused,
      > > > > combinations of some parts of creation with others, and
      > transformations of
      > > > > some existent things into others, in a pattern that is both
      > remarkable and
      > > > > endless.
      > > > >
      > > > > One should then take a look at the world of creation. It started out
      > from
      > > > > the minerals and progressed, in an ingenious, gradual manner, to
      > plants and
      > > > > animals. The last stage of minerals is connected with the first
      > stage of
      > > > > plants, such as herbs and seedless plants. The last stage of plants,
      > such
      > > > > as palms and vines, is connected with the first stage of animals,
      > such as
      > > > > snails and shellfish which have only the power of touch. The word
      > > > > `connection' with regard to these created things means that the last
      > stage
      > > > > of each group is fully prepared to become the first stage of the
      > newest
      > > > > group.
      > > > >
      > > > > The animal world then widens, its species become numerous, and, in a
      > > > > gradual process of creation, it finally leads to man, who is able to
      > think
      > > > > and reflect. The higher stage of man is reached from the world of
      > monkeys,
      > > > > in which both sagacity and perception are found, but which has not
      > reached
      > > > > the stage of actual reflection and thinking. At this point we come
      > to the
      > > > > first stage of man. This is as far as our (physical) observation
      > extends.
      > > > >
      > > > > Ibn Khaldun believed that humans are the most evolved form of
      > animals, in
      > > > > that they have the ability to reason. The Muqaddimah also states in
      > Chapter
      > > > > 6:
      > > > >
      > > > > We explained there that the whole of existence in (all) its simple
      > and
      > > > > composite worlds is arranged in a natural order of ascent and
      > descent, so
      > > > > that everything constitutes an uninterrupted continuum. The essences
      > at the
      > > > > end of each particular stage of the worlds are by nature prepared to
      > be
      > > > > transformed into the essence adjacent to them, either above or below
      > them.
      > > > > This is the case with the simple material elements; it is the case
      > with
      > > > > palms and vines, (which constitute) the last stage of plants, in
      > their
      > > > > relation to snails and shellfish, (which constitute) the (lowest)
      > stage of
      > > > > animals. It is also the case with monkeys, creatures combining in
      > > > > themselves cleverness and perception, in their relation to man, the
      > being
      > > > > who has the ability to think and to reflect. The preparedness (for
      > > > > transformation) that exists on either side, at each stage of the
      > worlds, is
      > > > > meant when (we speak about) their connection.
      > > > >
      > > > > Plants do not have the same fineness and power that animals have.
      > > > > Therefore, the sages rarely turned to them. Animals are the last and
      > final
      > > > > stage of the three permutations. Minerals turn into plants, and
      > plants into
      > > > > animals, but animals cannot turn into anything finer than themselves.
      > > > >
      > > > > His evolutionary ideas appear to be similar to those found in the
      > > > > Encyclopedia of the Brethren of Purity. Ibn Khaldun was also an
      > adherent of
      > > > > environmental determinism. He explained that black skin was due to
      > the hot
      > > > > climate of sub-Saharan Africa and not due to their lineage. He thus
      > > > > dispelled the Hamitic theory, where the sons of Ham were cursed by
      > being
      > > > > black, as a myth.
      > > > > end quote
      > > > >
      > > > > Here are some of the Quranic verses from which these Muslim
      > scientists
      > > > > derived the process of evolution:
      > > > >
      > > > > (An Noor) 024.045 And God has created every animal from water: of
      > them
      > > > > there are some that creep on their bellies; some that walk on two
      > legs; and
      > > > > some that walk on four. God creates what He wills for verily God has
      > power
      > > > > over all things.
      > > > >
      > > > > (Al Anbiya) 021.030 Do not the Unbelievers see that the heavens and
      > the
      > > > > earth were joined together (as one unit of creation), before we
      > clove them
      > > > > asunder? We made from water every living thing. Will they not then
      > believe?
      > > > >
      > > > > (Al Furqan) 025.054 It is He Who has created man from water: then
      > has He
      > > > > established relationships of lineage and marriage: for thy Lord has
      > power
      > > > > (over all things).
      > > > >
      > > > > (Al Muminoorn) 023.012 Man We did create from a quintessence of clay
      > > > >
      > > > > (Nooh) 071.014 Seeing that it is He that has created you (mankind) in
      > > > > stages.
      > > > >
      > > > > (Ad Dahr) 076.001 Has there not been over Man a long period of Time,
      > when
      > > > > he was nothing � (not even) mentioned?
      > > > >
      > > > > The English translation from the Arabic is as accurate as any
      > translation
      > > > > from a Semitic to a Western language. These verses were the source
      > for
      > > > > those Islamic scientists to conclude that mankind was created from
      > water
      > > > > and the essence of clay in stages over a long period of time.
      > > > >
      > > > > Holly
      > > > >
      > > > > --- In AncientBibleHistory@yahoogroups.com, Ian Onvlee <sambacats@>
      > > > > wrote:
      > > > > >
      > > > > > Hi Nu-cee,
      > > > > >
      > > > > > <<Egypto-Hebrew, `Moses' = "345", for Moses' Egypto-Hebrew name,
      > Moshe,
      > > > > is
      > > > > > spelled MEM, SHIN, HEI (40+300+5) ; an acknowledged memorium of the
      > > > > > famous Egyptian and Father's "345" triangle, in which its
      > "double", the
      > > > > > 3x4 rectangle and tomb of Osiris buries the potence of the 22
      > > > > > RESURRECTIVE vessels/ports of alphabetic voice, through which the
      > > > > > eminence and union of positive and negative numbers, prime and
      > composite
      > > > > > numbers, whole and fractions, collaborate to build in RESURRECTION
      > the
      > > > > > "present good (138)".>>
      > > > > >
      > > > > > I don't know from what planet you came, but the Hebrew name of
      > "Moses"
      > > > > translated as 40 + 300 + 5 has absolutely nothing to do with the
      > > > > Pythagorean 3-4-5 triangle. let alone that it is "an acknowledged
      > memorium"
      > > > > of it or had anything to do with resurrection. And, which "tomb of
      > Osiris"
      > > > > are you talking about? There is no such tomb measuring 3 * 4.
      > Similarly,
      > > > > the Hebrew alphabet is not "resurrective" at all. The letters of the
      > Hebrew
      > > > > alphabet are nothing more than 22 artificially selected and arranged
      > > > > symbols to cover certain sounds (consonants) of Hebrew speech not
      > > > > resurrection. The number 22 itself is simply borrowed from the Arab,
      > Indian
      > > > > and Chinese lunar stations between the stars.
      > > > > >
      > > > > > It is really amazing how primative religions like Islam, Jewism and
      > > > > Christendom can still make people believe in utterly outdated
      > nonsense such
      > > > > as creation and resurrection, rejecting scientifically sound
      > solutions like
      > > > > evolution and the simple math of 2 + 2 = 4 and not 5. What human gene
      > > > > causes such mental inability to think straight?
      > > > > >
      > > > > > This community is supposed to be about Ancient Bible History, not
      > > > > Primitive Bible Nonsense. If such a forum does not yet exist, I
      > suggest you
      > > > > create it and go there.
      > > > > >
      > > > > > Ian
      > > > > > Netherlands
      > > > > >
      > > > > >
      > > > > >
      > > > > >
      > > > > >
      > > > > >
      > > > > >
      > > > > > ________________________________
      > > > > > From: nu_cee <nuchamber@>
      > > > > > To: AncientBibleHistory@yahoogroups.com
      > > > > > Sent: Tuesday, June 25, 2013 3:11 PM
      > > > > > Subject: ABH Resurrection & Mem Shin Heh = 345.. Moses, Egyptian &
      > > > > English
      > > > > >
      > > > > >
      > > > > >
      > > > > > �
      > > > > >
      > > > > >
      > > > > > Hello Group and Ian,
      > > > > >
      > > > > > Ian WROTE (msg# 71536):
      > > > > > Resurrective????, Ian.
      > > > > >
      > > > > > As a preface,, the adoption and/or appendage of the name
      > > > > > "MEM,SHIN,HEI" (Moses, "born on the same day he died")
      > > > > > by other souls was an act of value-incorporation into their own
      > bodies
      > > > > > (as is the case of "AMEN"-33 = seed-33) over which the voice
      > > > > > with word and number gave uplifted direction. In previous posts I
      > have
      > > > > > elaborated upon this word MOSES and its numeric interweaving. So
      > it is
      > > > > > by the voice, even down to DNA/RNA manifolds, that one can send
      > > > > > "organization" from the ideational and conceptual
      > > > > > "grave", lifting up whatever is in that grave into praxeoligic
      > > > > > appearance and life by informing all of our physical body's
      > physical
      > > > > > movements, which "wander(s)"-65 about but 53-"grave(ly)"
      > > > > > or gravitationally connected to the center-65/midst-65 of Earth.
      > (Note
      > > > > > "grave-53", out of which resurrection comes = "womb-53;
      > > > > > "tomb-50" = 50- PAUL (a tent-59 + maker-48 =
      > > > > > 107-"heaven+earth", OUR TENT ON EARTH; 50-"I AM EGO"))
      > > > > >
      > > > > > Yes the 138-"present good" (138 = 2x 69-Jehovah) is in constant
      > > > > > and continuing "resurrection-165" and remembrance even as the
      > > > > > Earth-52 is in continuing resurrection, even from the earlier
      > evolving
      > > > > > presence in the Old Saturn condition of "pure heat", then to its
      > > > > > evolve in the Old Sun condition (gasoid), then the Old Moon
      > condition
      > > > > > (liquid), then to the unfolding and evolving and maturing
      > condition of
      > > > > > the multiple ages of the Earth condition (solid).
      > > > > >
      > > > > > IN THE HURRICANE(`s)-98 FURTHEST POINT FROM INFINITY: ONE-34
      > > > > > ONE'S APPEARANCE (78-Genesis) and
      > > > > > ONE'S DISAPPEARANCE (58-FATER, 58-"WUN")
      > > > > > (Jim Stinehart: this dovetails with the disappearance of the
      > > > > > Hurri-74-Jesus people.. AND the appearance of the Sem people,
      > Muslim-77
      > > > > > and Hebrew-61 (77+61 = 138-"present good")��� see above and
      > > > > > below)
      > > > > >
      > > > > > Yes-49 (+ No-29 = 78-GENESIS, 78-start, 78-renewal), to resurrect
      > and
      > > > > > remember is to enact the most fundamental instance of
      > > > > > "RELIGION", i.e., to tie as an anchor, again, and again, and
      > > > > > again to the seed-33 center-65 (33+65= 98-GardenOfEden) of the
      > world.
      > > > > > For whatever is in that center-65 is raised up from that "grave"
      > > > > > into its 1st level fractal appearance of "resurrection-165",
      > > > > > which demonstrates a tie or ankh'ed condition to the past or
      > > > > > "grave" of the "world center"-137 (English,
      > > > > > 137-"Mother + Father" or 137-Footstool or
      > > > > > 137-"SeedOfWisdom", and the Egypto-Hebrew, 137-QBLH (English,
      > > > > > Kabbalah-38, where 137 and 38 each resolve to be a rarefications of
      > > > > > "11", 1+3+7 and 3+8; and where 38 is an inverse permute of
      > > > > > 83-wisdom and where 138-"2x Jehovah-69) is the first fractal
      > > > > > arousal/resurrection out of the conceptual grave of kabbalah-38 or
      > > > > > 38-death. Notice that the Greek "hieroglyph" is a compound of
      > > > > > "sacred (en)grave" of "God's words").
      > > > > >
      > > > > > All of this is so tightly organized and archived in our union of
      > > > > > alphabet and numerics that it can so easily slip by the
      > inattentive ego.
      > > > > > But lets look into the depths of the "grave" in the form of a
      > > > > > sarcophagus:
      > > > > >
      > > > > > 318-Sarcophagus ("flesh eater")
      > > > > > ���.(built in the shape of hieroglyphic
      > > > > > ���."Bir" or "House of Osiris")
      > > > > > 318 = 2x 159-PureThought,
      > > > > > 159-FatherMelchizedek, 159-ImmortalFather
      > > > > > 159-WholeBallOfWax,
      > > > > > 159-PureOliveOil, 159-Kiswahili-Bantu
      > > > > > 159/1.111111111 (division by ancient calculus) =
      > > > > > ���...143-Philosophy
      > > > > > 143 = 108th "SacredScience"-108 composite(s)
      > > > > > ������.+ 34-One primes + 1-unity
      > > > > > 143 = ONE(34)-HUNDRED(74)
      > > > > > ������..+ FORTY(84)-THREE(56) = 248
      > > > > > ������..248/2 = 124-"FIRST+LAST"(72+52)
      > > > > >
      > > > > > To those who can hear and see,
      > > > > > RESURRECTION EVER LIVES.
      > > > > >
      > > > > > Regards,
      > > > > > Nucee/nuchamber
      > > > > >
      > > > > > I previously wrote:
      > > > > > 345-"He will guide you into all truth"-345 (Jn. 16:13)
      > > > > > Egypto-Hebrew, `Moses' = "345", for Moses' Egypto-Hebrew name,
      > Moshe, is
      > > > > > spelled MEM, SHIN, HEI (40+300+5) ; an acknowledged memorium of the
      > > > > > famous Egyptian and Father's "345" triangle, in which its
      > "double", the
      > > > > > 3x4 rectangle and tomb of Osiris buries the potence of the 22
      > > > > > RESURRECTIVE vessels/ports of alphabetic voice, through which the
      > > > > > eminence and union of positive and negative numbers, prime and
      > composite
      > > > > > numbers, whole and fractions, collaborate to build in RESURRECTION
      > the
      > > > > > "present good (138)".
      > > > > >
      > > > > > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
      > > > > >
      > > > > >
      > > > > >
      > > > > >
      > > > > > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
      > > > > >
      > > > >
      > > > >
      > > > >
      > > >
      > > >
      > > > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
      > > >
      > >
      > >
      >
      > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
      >
      >
      >


      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
    • stinehartjimr
      Jon S.: You wrote: 1. “Are youreally trying to claim that the Egyptian term Khety for theHittites, had no impact on their Canaanite neighbors?” Yes.
      Message 73 of 73 , Jul 31, 2013
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        Jon S.:

        You wrote:

        1. “Are youreally trying to claim that the Egyptian term "Khety" for theHittites, had no impact on their Canaanite neighbors?”

        Yes. TheHittites were never in Canaan. As toCanaan proper [that is, Canaan south of Lebanon], the Hittites had no contactwith the Canaanites. By sharp contrast,a majority of the ruling princelings in Canaan in the mid-14thcentury BCE were, per the Amarna Letters, Hurrian charioteers.

        The most frequently attested Hurrian personal name atthe Late Bronze Age Hurrian province of Nuzi in eastern Syria is Xu-ti-ya,where xu-ti means “to praise” in Hurrian, and -ya is the standard Hurriantheophoric suffix. The expected spellingof the Hurrian personal name Xu-ti-ya in Biblical Hebrew is XTY. The final -Y/yod does double duty, alsomeaning “people” as a standard west Semitic/Hebrew ending. So XTY means “the praise Teshup people”, thatis, the Hurrians.

        Chapter 23 of Genesis makes no sense in anyhistorical time period if Abraham is trying to buy Sarah’s burial plot from aHittite, because there never were any Hittite landowners in south-centralCanaan. By sharp contrast, in the mid-14thcentury BCE one would rightly expect that the owner of a plot of land insouth-central Canaan would likely be a Hurrian, that is, one of “the praiseTeshup people” : XTY.

        Note that e-v-e-r-y-t-h-i-n-g makes perfectsense, on all levels, if XTY is a Hurrian personal name [Xu-ti-ya] cleverlybeing used as a Patriarchal nickname for the Hurrian ruling class in Canaan inthe mid-14th century BCE.

        2. Youwrote: “…arose out of the collapse ofthe Anatolian Hittite Empire, they are viewed as Neo-hittite of which one isrecognized as the Philistines/Peleset, probably, in my opinion the biblicalPerizzite.”

        PRZY [‘Perizzite’] is another Hurrian-basedPatriarchal nickname for the Hurrians. Pi-ri means “lord” in Hurrian, which is PR in Hebrew. Hebrew zayin/Z here represents the Hurrianformative -zi- or -iz-zi-; a Hurrian doubled consonant always has the first consonant dropped inthe Hebrew rendering, so both forms of that frequent Hurrian element would bespelled zayin/-Z- in Hebrew. Beforeadding the standard Hurrian theophoric suffix -ya [spelled yod/Y in Hebrew],the root of this name is Piri – izzi, spelled PRZ in Hebrew. As is well known, that exact name, Piri-izzi,with that exact spelling, is found at Amarna Letters EA 27: 89, 93 and EA 28:12, where it is the Hurrian name of a Hurrian messenger. That is an e-x-a-c-t linguistic match,letter-for-letter. [By contrast,“Peleset” has L instead of R, and S instead of Z, and has no -Y.]

        3. You continued: “In the historical Kelekesh, we find the biblicalGergashite….”

        No, that’s another Patriarchal nickname for theHurrians, based on an attested Hurrian personal name. ‘Girgashites’ is GR-G-$-Y : Gera-ge-$e-ya. If we take off the final theophoric suffix -ya, we see that the remaining GR-G-$/gera-ga-$e is an orthographic variant ofthe following Hurrian name attested at Nuzi: Ki-ir-ru-ka-zi. The root of this name is the Hurrian verb “tobe freed”, ki-i-ru, which canalternatively be spelled ge-ra or ge-er. Adding the theophoric suffix, Gera-ge-$e-ya/GRG$-Ymeans: “Being Freed by Teshup”. GRG$ or GRG% (with there being no differencein those two spellings in written Biblical Hebrew) is attested as a personalname at Ugarit (where shin/$ and sin/% are distinguished graphically): grgš,bn grgš and grgs. [Once again, as usual,that is an e-x-a-c-t linguistic match, letter-for-letter, as tothe attestation at Ugarit of this Hurrian name, whereas your proposal has Linstead of R.]

        4. Youwrote: “…and the historicalAhhiyawa/Ahuwa/Ekwesh we see the biblical Hivite. All Iron Age Neo-hittitekingdoms.”

        No, that’s another Hurrian-based name. Heba [alternatively spelled in English Heva,Hiva, etc..] was the chief Hurrian goddess. Hurrian likely was like Hebrew in that intervocalic bet/B was pronouncedV, so that once again, this is an exact linguistic match. XWY [heth-vav-yod] is a Patriarchal nicknamecalling the Hurrians “the Heva people”. [Since ‘Hivites’ begins with a heth, your suggestions of names thatstart with A or E don’t seem to be close linguistic matches.]

        5. I havenoted 7 different Patriarchal nicknames for the Hurrians, each of which is aletter-for-letter exact linguistic match to an attested Hurrian personal name,along with XRY as the expected spelling of their historical name, in thePatriarchal narratives. That makes senseif and only if the Patriarchal narratives were composed, and recorded incuneiform writing, in mid-14th century BCE Canaan, during the fairlyshort time period when Hurrian charioteers dominated the Hurrian ruling class.

        Jon, when you see all those many letter-for-letterexact matches to attested Hurrian personal names, that should cause you to askif the Patriarchal narratives were composed, and recorded in cuneiform writing,in the Amarna Age. All of the many historicalevents referenced in the Patriarchal narratives accurately reflect whatactually happened in Years 12-14 of Akhenaten’s 17-year reign, as confirmed bythe Amarna Letters and other non-biblical sources from that era. We know more about those three years thanvirtually any other time period in ancient history, and e-v-e-r-y-t-h-i-n-g matches. Including all those many attested Hurrian personal names being cleverlyused as apt Patriarchal nicknames for the Hurrians, who were the ruling class ofCanaan during the Amarna Age.

        The reference to the river Euphrates at Genesis 15:18 is confusing and ambiguous, since Syria is not in fact part of the PromisedLand. The intent there was to referencethe people who currently [in the mid-14th century BCE] dominated theentire land from the Upper Euphrates River all the way southwest through Canaanto the border of Egypt: the Hurrians. The divine prophecy is that those people, theHurrians, though until just recently seeming to be all-powerful, would soondisappear, and it would then be the Hebrews who will dominate non-coastalCanaan. 8 of the 10 peoples listed atGenesis 15: 19-21 are Hurrians, and 6 of those 8 names are Hurrian-basedPatriarchal nicknames for the Hurrians. The prophecy is that the Hurrians from the Upper Euphrates River wouldsoon be yesterday’s people, leaving the way open for the Hebrews to come todominate Canaan. That prophecy onlymakes sense in one historical time period: the Amarna Age.

        The timing is not what everyone thinks: 350 years throughout various stages of theBronze Age. No, four generations of thefirst Hebrews are depicted as a sophisticated literary device in order tocomment in different ways on the three years when Judaism was born: Years 12-14. The early Hebrew author wants his audience to realize that in fact, heis always talking about Years 12-14, whether it’s Abraham, Isaac, Jacob orJoseph. The Patriarchal Age is Years12-14. Everything fits those three years,especially all the Patriarchal nicknames for the Hurrians.

        Jim Stinehart










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