Re: Per Jon - - The Primacy of Judges
- --- In AncientBibleHistory@yahoogroups.com, "George"
> Did we already hammer through the Documentary
> Hypothesis before? I know I did with at least
> one person.
> How would the documentary hypothesis explain why
> Samuel is devoid of multiple biblical themes?
Actually your opening remarks concerned the period of authorship of
Genesis, thats the direction I was headed. I know the D.H. has been
discussed before so I was not suggesting a revival of the whole topic.
What I had in mind was the authorship of Genesis. Take for instance
the first five verses, Gen. I 1:31 are ascribed to Priestly sources.
Verses 2, 3 & 4 are largely ascribed to J source, while verse 5 is a
separate source listing generations.
According to Friedman these sources were put into writing in the 8-7th
centuries BCE. I think most D. H. versions tend to agree that there
were no Biblical 'books' as we have today that predate that era.
Some suggest a later compilation, possibly thats the direction you
were headed with your question. There are though some very good
arguments provided by Hoffmeier concerning Egyptian elements in the
texts that make a later writing hardly feasible.
I'm not sure what direction you wish to take with this so I thought we
might get the D.H. out of the way first.
You comment about the Benjaminites as dwelling in the
mountains around Jerusalem.
But please note:
"O ye children of Benjamin, gather yourselves to flee out
of the midst of Jerusalem..."
Now the cities of the tribe of the children of Benjamin
according to their families were....
...Gibeon [of the Gibeonites], and Ramah, and Beeroth...
And Zelah, Eleph, and Jebusi, which [is] Jerusalem, Gibeath, [and]
Jerusalem, also known as Jebusi, belonged to Benjamin.
Before David took the city away from the Jebusites,
it belonged to Benjamin (in name only?), and then it
became the chief inhabitance for so-called Judah-ites.
The last chapter of Judges describes a massive battle
against the Benjaminites in the midst of the Jebusites.
And yet the Benjaminites "possessed" Jerusalem.
I find the telling of this story in Judges a thinly veiled
explanation for why there were Benjaminites in Jerusalem...
or Jebusi in Benjamin.
I propose that the Gibeonites, the Jebusites and the
Benjaminites are one in the same people. But I digress.
We were discussing scenarios of compositional sequence.
And because I find no helpful connection flowing from
Joshua to Judges, and from Judges to Samuel, Judges (to me)
displays an almost irrelevant anchor upon which to base
You mention scholars who believe the Hebrew were a people
who came from OUJTSIDE of Canaan. I would agree with that,
in the following way:
1) There were people that came from out of Canaan in the
the ancient days.
2) Modern scholars call them biblical Hebrew.
3) Then another wave of immigrants arrived in Canaan...
they were the Persianized Jews who wrote their own
history of how they emerged from these Hebrew/Apiru.
4) The "outsiders" that we consider the Hebrew are the
newcomers... who gathered the heritage and posterity of
the true 'Apiru into their book of origins... and have
confused the issue of who were the Hebrew for a millenia.