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72387Re: ABH YHWH & Leviathan Twin Serpents?

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  • Lloyd Barre
    Jan 29, 2014
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      I think only the god Yahweh appears.

      On Jan 29, 2014 2:14 PM, "Adebunmi lambo" <aaeternity@...> wrote:
       

      Can someone please help me understand the difference between Lord and God in the first chapter of Job or are they both the same? Thank you!
       
      Carpe diem,
      Adebunmi



      From: "gmrf@..." <gmrf@...>
      To: AncientBibleHistory@yahoogroups.com
      Sent: Wednesday, January 29, 2014 1:24 PM
      Subject: Re: ABH YHWH & Leviathan Twin Serpents?

       
      Aris:

      The winged bull was an Assyrian icon, which was also known as lamasu and shedu. He was a protective spirit and a celestial being which explains the wings.  Forms of the lamasu were found in Sumerian, Akkadian, and Babylonian culture. These protective spirits were winged celestial beings which were also known as kerubu or cherubs (kruv (כְּרוּב) Hebrew). Yhwh, as the celestial fire-breathing serpent, is depicted in 2 Sam 22:11 as riding on one of these kerubu and flying on the 'wings of the wind'. In this respect, he resembles the Egyptian winged serpent gods, Meretseger and Amduat.

      The winged disk is usually associated with the sun. Such images were found in Mesopotamian and Egyptian culture. The wings again portray the image as celestial. Since the sky was the realm of the heavenly host or constellations, solar & lunar disks, rising & setting planets - all thought to be divine beings - it is little wonder that some of the gods were depicted with wings or flying on the wings of the wind.

      Lunar gods, like El & Yhwh were not depicted with wings. Their primary mission was fertility which was associated with clouds, rain, salt and fresh water, and phallic symbols. Psalm 104 gives an excellent description of Yhwh as the full moon, wrapped in light,casting his moon beams, sailing in the heavenly deep and riding on the wings of the wind:

      Praise the Lord, my soul.
      Lord my God, you are very great;
          you are clothed with splendor and majesty.
      The Lord wraps himself in light as with a garment;
          he stretches out the heavens like a tent
          and lays the beams of his upper chambers on their waters.
      He makes the clouds his chariot
          and rides on the wings of the wind.
      He makes winds his messengers,[a]
          flames of fire his servants.

      The rest of the Psalm describes Yhwh's power over the waters that he once caused to engulf and exterminate his creatures. This power over the watery realm was most likely observed when the tides ebbed and flowed according to the phases of the moon. Mesopotamian cultures associated male ejaculate with spume. Gods as El and Baal wore their male members as crowns. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baal) & (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_%28deity%29). These crowns resembled the crown of Narmer as is shown on the Narmer Palette (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narmer_Palette). This crown became the crown of Upper Egypt.

      Since Yhwh-Elohim was associated with fertility, it is little wonder that he was associated with the bull as well as the snake. Indeed, he and his wife, Asherah, are portrayed as bovines on the Kuntillet Ajrud ostracon. Yhwh-Elohim's power over the ebb and flow of water (both seas, rivers, rain and ejaculate) demonstrated his power as a moon god who controlled the rain and flow of water that drowned his creatures, then caused the waters to ebb and saved Noah, and then increased the fertility of his chosen so that they would dominate the land. Yhwh-Elohim's association with the moon and fertility can be confirmed in Ex 33:23 where Yhwh-Elohim shows Moses his 'achwr' or back parts (buttocks) which was a reference to the full moon (Yh/Yhwh) whose alternate name was Wadd or love. This encounter on the 'rock' is thought to be Mount Horeb which most scholars identify as Mount Sinai. Har Sinai means Moon Mountain as Sin is the name for the Akkadian, Assyrian and Babylonian moon gods.

      In conclusion, Yhwh's sacred animal was the snake and El's sacred animal was the bull. However, when Yhwh and El became one god, Yhwh-Elohim, this hyphenated god retained both animals, the bull and the snake, as his sacred animals; that is until Josiah  banned the bull icon after he defeated Jeroboam and Hezekiah ejected the nehushtan from the Jerusalem temple; probably in an effort to stave off any civil unrest caused by the huge influx of Bull El worshiping Israelites fleeing the Assyrians. 

      Holly



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