Loading ...
Sorry, an error occurred while loading the content.
 

Essential Oils and Insects

Expand Messages
  • yogiguruji
    Good Morning! Essential Oils and Insects Many essential oils exist that have uses as pesticides such as citrus oils, mint oil, pine oil, capsicum (pepper)
    Message 1 of 4 , Jul 5, 2007
      Good Morning!

      Essential Oils and Insects

      Many essential oils exist that have uses as pesticides such as citrus
      oils, mint oil, pine oil, capsicum (pepper) extracts, tree oils and
      vegetable oils. The essential oil of Bergamot, Anise, Sage, Tea tree,
      Geranium, Mint, and Thyme, Hyssop, Rosemary, Thyme, and White Clover
      can be used to control certain pests on plants. They have been shown
      to reduce the number of eggs laid and the amount of feeding damage by
      certain insects, particularly lepidopteran caterpillars.

      Sprays made from Tansy have demonstrated a repellent effect on
      imported cabbageworm on cabbage, reducing the number of eggs laid on
      the plants. Teas made from Wormwood or Nasturtiums are reputed to
      repel aphids from fruit trees, and sprays made from ground or blended
      Catnip, Chives, Feverfew, Marigolds, or Rue have also been used by
      gardeners against pests that feed on leaves.

      How to Make: In general, herbal sprays are made by mashing or
      blending 1 to 2 cups of fresh leaves with 2 to 4 cups of water and
      leaving them to soak overnight. Or you can make an herbal tea by
      pouring the same amount of boiling water over 2 to 4 cups fresh or 1
      to 2 cups dry leaves and leaving them to steep until cool. Strain the
      water through a cheesecloth before spraying and dilute further with 2
      to 4 cups water. Add a very small amount of non-detergent liquid soap
      (1/4 teaspoon in 1 to 2 quarts of water) to help spray stick to
      leaves and spread better. You can also buy commercial essential
      herbal oils and dilute with water to make a spray. Experiment with
      proportions, starting with a few drops of oil per cup of water.

      How to Use: Spray plants thoroughly, especially undersides of leaves,
      and repeat when necessary. Do not use more than once a week on some
      plants.


      Some common botanical pesticides made from essential plant oils are
      listed below:

      Canola Oil: Canola oil is an edible vegetable oil obtained from the
      seeds of two species of rape plants, Brassica napus and B. campestris
      of the family Cruciferae (mustard family). It is used to control
      insects on a wide variety of crops. Canola oil is considered safe for
      human consumption. Scientists believe that canola oil repels insects
      by altering the outer layer of the leaf surface or by acting as an
      insect irritant. Canola oil appears to have no adverse effects on
      humans or the environment.

      Catnip Oil: Research by Iowa State University and the US Forest
      Service announced that nepatalactone, the essential oil in catnip,
      can be used as a very effective mosquito repellent. The authors
      stated that nepetalactone is about 10 times more effective than DEET.
      The researchers believe that catnip repels mosquitoes by an irritant
      reaction.

      How to make: in a hand-held spray bottle, mix 1/4-1/2 tsp. of
      essential oil of catnip (Nepata cataria), 1 cup of isopropyl alcohol,
      and 1 cup of water.

      How to use: Shake well and then spray lightly on clothing, arms, and
      legs, being careful to avoid eyes or open cuts. Do not use on the
      skin of small children. Some persons may be sensitive to catnip oil.
      Keep the contents of the spray away from children and pets.

      Cedarwood Oil: Cedarwood oil is often used in mothproofing, and may
      contribute to the control of certain other insects. The US Army
      tested various forms of cedar, including cedar chips, cedar oil and
      sachet bags of cedar shavings. Their conclusions were that cedar
      works best in confined spaces such as clothes storage bins, but had
      little effect in other applications. A commercial cedar wood oil
      spray made by Safers® had little residual effect, but works when
      applied directly to the pests.

      Citronella Oil: Oil of Citronella is a volatile, liquid oil derived
      from dried cultivated grasses. Citronella has been used for over 50
      years as an insect repellent and as an animal repellent. It is found
      in many familiar insect repellent products: candles, lotions, gels,
      sprays and towelette wipes for use on clothing and people. These
      products repel various insects, some of which are public health
      pests, such as mosquitoes, biting flies and fleas. Citronella is also
      present in some pellet and tablet products for use around home lawns
      and gardens to repel dogs and cats. When used according to the label,
      citronella products are not expected to cause harm to humans, pets or
      the environment. It works by repelling animals and insects without
      harming or killing them. It has a distinctive odor, which repels
      certain animals. In tablet or pellet form it is also used in
      recreational areas, outdoor household areas, and around trees and
      shrubs. Animal collars and tags containing citronella are used on
      pets and other domestic animals to repel fleas and ticks.

      Clove Oil: which can be mixed in a spray bottle with warm water and
      sprayed where ever you do not want bugs to go. This numbing oil is
      also good when the pain of a bug bite or sting is bothering you.

      Cottonseed Oil: Cottonseed oil is generally considered the most
      insecticidal of the vegetable oils. Several commercial products are
      available that contain cottonseed oil, however this oil is not
      generally available for wide spread use.

      Neem Oil: Neem oil is extracted from the tropical neem tree,
      Azadirachta indica, contains insecticidal properties that are
      composed of a complex mixture of biologically active compounds. It
      has a strong, slightly garlic-like odor that some people describe as
      unpleasant. Its various active ingredients act as repellents, feeding
      inhibitors, egg laying deterrents, growth retardants, sterilants and
      direct toxins. Neem has both contact and systemic action in plants.
      The active ingredients biodegrade rapidly in sunlight and within a
      few weeks in the soil. Neem oil has very low toxicity to mammals.
      Clarified hydrophobic extracts of neem oil are used to control some
      fungal diseases of plants. In India, neem products have been used in
      toothpaste, pharmaceuticals, and as a grain protectant for centuries
      without apparent harm to humans.

      Patchouli Oil: whose botanical name is pogostemom cablin, can be used
      to stimulate new cell growth, tightens tissues, speeds healing of
      sores, wounds, reducing body odor, cools fever, and repels insects.

      Tea Tree Oil: Keep a spray bottle mixed with 15 drops of Tea Tree Oil
      and a quart of water to repel insects close by. In the summer ants
      tend to come in our patio door or along the exposed wall. When that
      begins, spray this natural Bug Buster several times a day for several
      days and they'll find somewhere else to go. Natural doesn't work fast
      like chemicals, but then it doesn't kill a little bit of you either!

      Specific Insects and What Works

      Ants - Several drops of Peppermint oil may be sprinkled strategically
      along counters and walls to deter ants. It is very important to test
      surface area to make sure the oil will not destroy the finish. Water
      may be used as a base to make up a spray for areas where ants like to
      gather. Add 4 oz. of water into a spritzer bottle and add 20 drops of
      Peppermint, Citronella or Spearmint oil to give repelling power.

      Cockroaches - Add a few drops of Citronella to cotton and place in
      the back of cupboard. An additional drop of Peppermint or Lemongrass
      can be added for extra strength.

      Dust Mites - Mix 5 drops of Eucalyptus oil to the rinse cycle of your
      washing machine. Into a spray bottle add 8 oz. methylated spirits and
      40 drops Eucalyptus oil. Add 6 oz. water and lightly spray under
      beds.

      Fleas - Pennyroyal oil is specific against fleas. For a spray, place
      20 drops into a spray bottle and add 4 oz. water. One to two extra
      drops of Cedarwood, Citronella, Lemongrass or Lavender may also be
      added. Lightly spray your animal (without saturating and avoiding
      eyes) and its bedding areas.

      Use 10 drops of Tea Tree Oil to 8 oz. of water and spray on animal's
      coat as you rub it in. It will be good for their skin also. This
      needs to be done daily until the problem is under control in the
      home. After all fleas are gone you can put it in a spray bottle and
      give your animal a spritz all over once or twice a day if fleas are
      in the area.

      Flies - Place a handful of dried cloves in a bowl and sprinkle with a
      few drops of Clove and Lavender, Citronella or Peppermint oil.
      Recharge with additional oil from time to time.

      Mice - Add a few drops of Peppermint, Eucalyptus or Spearmint to
      cotton and place in the ceiling and anywhere mice might enter the
      house.

      Moth/Silverfish - Add a few drops of Cedarwood to cotton and place in
      wardrobes and drawers. An extra drop of Spearmint, Lavender,
      Citronella or Peppermint can be added for reinforcement.

      Ticks and Leeches - Apply Tea Tree Oil to the live tick or leech and
      surrounding skin. Leave for 20 minutes. The tick may fall off. If
      not, remove it carefully (make certain no part of the tick is left in
      the skin). Continue applying the oil to the bite three times per day
      for up to seven days.

      First Aid: Insect Bites and Stings

      For blue bottles-mozzies-midgies-sandflies
      10 drops Lavender oil
      into Aloe ointment or gel
      Dab directly onto bites or stings for soothing relief.

      Insect Repellant Spray

      For mozzies-midgies-sandflies
      In a Spritzer Bottle
      4 oz.water
      5 drops Penneyroyal oil
      10 drops Citronella
      10 drops Lavender
      10 Drops Lemongrass

      Shake well before using and lightly spray onto exposed skin areas.
      ****Do not use during pregnancy.


      References

      1. Bio-Integral Resource Center. 1987. "Update: Neem - A New Era in
      Pest Control Products?" The IPM Practitioner 9(10). U.S. EPA. 1999.

      2. Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisonings. EPA 735-R-98-
      003. Office of Prevention, Pesticides, and Toxic Substances.
      Washington, DC.

      3. National Coalition Against the Misuse of Pesticides (NCAMP).
      2002. "Pesticides and You" NCAMP, Washington D.C. Vol. 21, No.4, 2001

      4. EPA Biopesticides Factsheets. Plant Oils. www.epa.gov



      Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac
      http://www.peacefulmind.com
      Therapies for healing
      mind, body, spirit
    • yogiguruji
      Good Morning! Essential Oils and Insects Many essential oils exist that have uses as pesticides such as citrus oils, mint oil, pine oil, capsicum (pepper)
      Message 2 of 4 , Jul 8, 2008
        Good Morning!

        Essential Oils and Insects

        Many essential oils exist that have uses as pesticides such as citrus
        oils, mint oil, pine oil, capsicum (pepper) extracts, tree oils and
        vegetable oils. The essential oil of Bergamot, Anise, Sage, Tea tree,
        Geranium, Mint, and Thyme, Hyssop, Rosemary, Thyme, and White Clover
        can be used to control certain pests on plants. They have been shown
        to reduce the number of eggs laid and the amount of feeding damage by
        certain insects, particularly lepidopteran caterpillars.

        Sprays made from Tansy have demonstrated a repellent effect on
        imported cabbageworm on cabbage, reducing the number of eggs laid on
        the plants. Teas made from Wormwood or Nasturtiums are reputed to
        repel aphids from fruit trees, and sprays made from ground or blended
        Catnip, Chives, Feverfew, Marigolds, or Rue have also been used by
        gardeners against pests that feed on leaves.

        How to Make: In general, herbal sprays are made by mashing or
        blending 1 to 2 cups of fresh leaves with 2 to 4 cups of water and
        leaving them to soak overnight. Or you can make an herbal tea by
        pouring the same amount of boiling water over 2 to 4 cups fresh or 1
        to 2 cups dry leaves and leaving them to steep until cool. Strain the
        water through a cheesecloth before spraying and dilute further with 2
        to 4 cups water. Add a very small amount of non-detergent liquid soap
        (1/4 teaspoon in 1 to 2 quarts of water) to help spray stick to
        leaves and spread better. You can also buy commercial essential
        herbal oils and dilute with water to make a spray. Experiment with
        proportions, starting with a few drops of oil per cup of water.

        How to Use: Spray plants thoroughly, especially undersides of leaves,
        and repeat when necessary. Do not use more than once a week on some
        plants.


        Some common botanical pesticides made from essential plant oils are
        listed below:

        Canola Oil: Canola oil is an edible vegetable oil obtained from the
        seeds of two species of rape plants, Brassica napus and B. campestris
        of the family Cruciferae (mustard family). It is used to control
        insects on a wide variety of crops. Canola oil is considered safe for
        human consumption. Scientists believe that canola oil repels insects
        by altering the outer layer of the leaf surface or by acting as an
        insect irritant. Canola oil appears to have no adverse effects on
        humans or the environment.

        Catnip Oil: Research by Iowa State University and the US Forest
        Service announced that nepatalactone, the essential oil in catnip,
        can be used as a very effective mosquito repellent. The authors
        stated that nepetalactone is about 10 times more effective than DEET.
        The researchers believe that catnip repels mosquitoes by an irritant
        reaction.

        How to make: in a hand-held spray bottle, mix 1/4-1/2 tsp. of
        essential oil of catnip (Nepata cataria), 1 cup of isopropyl alcohol,
        and 1 cup of water.

        How to use: Shake well and then spray lightly on clothing, arms, and
        legs, being careful to avoid eyes or open cuts. Do not use on the
        skin of small children. Some persons may be sensitive to catnip oil.
        Keep the contents of the spray away from children and pets.

        Cedarwood Oil: Cedarwood oil is often used in mothproofing, and may
        contribute to the control of certain other insects. The US Army
        tested various forms of cedar, including cedar chips, cedar oil and
        sachet bags of cedar shavings. Their conclusions were that cedar
        works best in confined spaces such as clothes storage bins, but had
        little effect in other applications. A commercial cedar wood oil
        spray made by Safers® had little residual effect, but works when
        applied directly to the pests.

        Citronella Oil: Oil of Citronella is a volatile, liquid oil derived
        from dried cultivated grasses. Citronella has been used for over 50
        years as an insect repellent and as an animal repellent. It is found
        in many familiar insect repellent products: candles, lotions, gels,
        sprays and towelette wipes for use on clothing and people. These
        products repel various insects, some of which are public health
        pests, such as mosquitoes, biting flies and fleas. Citronella is also
        present in some pellet and tablet products for use around home lawns
        and gardens to repel dogs and cats. When used according to the label,
        citronella products are not expected to cause harm to humans, pets or
        the environment. It works by repelling animals and insects without
        harming or killing them. It has a distinctive odor, which repels
        certain animals. In tablet or pellet form it is also used in
        recreational areas, outdoor household areas, and around trees and
        shrubs. Animal collars and tags containing citronella are used on
        pets and other domestic animals to repel fleas and ticks.

        Clove Oil: which can be mixed in a spray bottle with warm water and
        sprayed where ever you do not want bugs to go. This numbing oil is
        also good when the pain of a bug bite or sting is bothering you.

        Cottonseed Oil: Cottonseed oil is generally considered the most
        insecticidal of the vegetable oils. Several commercial products are
        available that contain cottonseed oil, however this oil is not
        generally available for wide spread use.

        Neem Oil: Neem oil is extracted from the tropical neem tree,
        Azadirachta indica, contains insecticidal properties that are
        composed of a complex mixture of biologically active compounds. It
        has a strong, slightly garlic-like odor that some people describe as
        unpleasant. Its various active ingredients act as repellents, feeding
        inhibitors, egg laying deterrents, growth retardants, sterilants and
        direct toxins. Neem has both contact and systemic action in plants.
        The active ingredients biodegrade rapidly in sunlight and within a
        few weeks in the soil. Neem oil has very low toxicity to mammals.
        Clarified hydrophobic extracts of neem oil are used to control some
        fungal diseases of plants. In India, neem products have been used in
        toothpaste, pharmaceuticals, and as a grain protectant for centuries
        without apparent harm to humans.

        Patchouli Oil: whose botanical name is pogostemom cablin, can be used
        to stimulate new cell growth, tightens tissues, speeds healing of
        sores, wounds, reducing body odor, cools fever, and repels insects.

        Tea Tree Oil: Keep a spray bottle mixed with 15 drops of Tea Tree Oil
        and a quart of water to repel insects close by. In the summer ants
        tend to come in our patio door or along the exposed wall. When that
        begins, spray this natural Bug Buster several times a day for several
        days and they'll find somewhere else to go. Natural doesn't work fast
        like chemicals, but then it doesn't kill a little bit of you either!

        Specific Insects and What Works

        Ants - Several drops of Peppermint oil may be sprinkled strategically
        along counters and walls to deter ants. It is very important to test
        surface area to make sure the oil will not destroy the finish. Water
        may be used as a base to make up a spray for areas where ants like to
        gather. Add 4 oz. of water into a spritzer bottle and add 20 drops of
        Peppermint, Citronella or Spearmint oil to give repelling power.

        Cockroaches - Add a few drops of Citronella to cotton and place in
        the back of cupboard. An additional drop of Peppermint or Lemongrass
        can be added for extra strength.

        Dust Mites - Mix 5 drops of Eucalyptus oil to the rinse cycle of your
        washing machine. Into a spray bottle add 8 oz. methylated spirits and
        40 drops Eucalyptus oil. Add 6 oz. water and lightly spray under
        beds.

        Fleas - Pennyroyal oil is specific against fleas. For a spray, place
        20 drops into a spray bottle and add 4 oz. water. One to two extra
        drops of Cedarwood, Citronella, Lemongrass or Lavender may also be
        added. Lightly spray your animal (without saturating and avoiding
        eyes) and its bedding areas.

        Use 10 drops of Tea Tree Oil to 8 oz. of water and spray on animal's
        coat as you rub it in. It will be good for their skin also. This
        needs to be done daily until the problem is under control in the
        home. After all fleas are gone you can put it in a spray bottle and
        give your animal a spritz all over once or twice a day if fleas are
        in the area.

        Flies - Place a handful of dried cloves in a bowl and sprinkle with a
        few drops of Clove and Lavender, Citronella or Peppermint oil.
        Recharge with additional oil from time to time.

        Mice - Add a few drops of Peppermint, Eucalyptus or Spearmint to
        cotton and place in the ceiling and anywhere mice might enter the
        house.

        Moth/Silverfish - Add a few drops of Cedarwood to cotton and place in
        wardrobes and drawers. An extra drop of Spearmint, Lavender,
        Citronella or Peppermint can be added for reinforcement.

        Ticks and Leeches - Apply Tea Tree Oil to the live tick or leech and
        surrounding skin. Leave for 20 minutes. The tick may fall off. If
        not, remove it carefully (make certain no part of the tick is left in
        the skin). Continue applying the oil to the bite three times per day
        for up to seven days.

        First Aid: Insect Bites and Stings

        For blue bottles-mozzies-midgies-sandflies
        10 drops Lavender oil
        into Aloe ointment or gel
        Dab directly onto bites or stings for soothing relief.

        Insect Repellant Spray

        For mozzies-midgies-sandflies
        In a Spritzer Bottle
        4 oz.water
        5 drops Penneyroyal oil
        10 drops Citronella
        10 drops Lavender
        10 Drops Lemongrass

        Shake well before using and lightly spray onto exposed skin areas.
        ****Do not use during pregnancy.


        References

        1. Bio-Integral Resource Center. 1987. "Update: Neem - A New Era in
        Pest Control Products?" The IPM Practitioner 9(10). U.S. EPA. 1999.

        2. Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisonings. EPA 735-R-98-
        003. Office of Prevention, Pesticides, and Toxic Substances.
        Washington, DC.

        3. National Coalition Against the Misuse of Pesticides (NCAMP).
        2002. "Pesticides and You" NCAMP, Washington D.C. Vol. 21, No.4, 2001

        4. EPA Biopesticides Factsheets. Plant Oils. www.epa.gov



        Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac
        http://www.peacefulmind.com
        Therapies for healing
        mind, body, spirit
      • yogiguruji
        Good Morning! Essential Oils and Insects Many essential oils exist that have uses as pesticides such as citrus oils, mint oil, pine oil, capsicum (pepper)
        Message 3 of 4 , Jul 15, 2009
          Good Morning!

          Essential Oils and Insects

          Many essential oils exist that have uses as pesticides such as citrus oils, mint oil, pine oil, capsicum (pepper) extracts, tree oils and vegetable oils. The essential oil of Bergamot, Anise, Sage, Tea tree, Geranium, Mint, and Thyme, Hyssop, Rosemary, Thyme, and White Clover can be used to control certain pests on plants. They have been shown to reduce the number of eggs laid and the amount of feeding damage by certain insects, particularly lepidopteran caterpillars.

          Sprays made from Tansy have demonstrated a repellent effect on imported cabbageworm on cabbage, reducing the number of eggs laid on the plants. Teas made from Wormwood or Nasturtiums are reputed to repel aphids from fruit trees, and sprays made from ground or blended Catnip, Chives, Feverfew, Marigolds, or Rue have also been used by gardeners against pests that feed on leaves.

          How to Make: In general, herbal sprays are made by mashing or blending 1 to 2 cups of fresh leaves with 2 to 4 cups of water and leaving them to soak overnight. Or you can make an herbal tea by pouring the same amount of boiling water over 2 to 4 cups fresh or 1 to 2 cups dry leaves and leaving them to steep until cool. Strain the water through a cheesecloth before spraying and dilute further with 2 to 4 cups water. Add a very small amount of non-detergent liquid soap (1/4 teaspoon in 1 to 2 quarts of water) to help spray stick to leaves and spread better. You can also buy commercial essential herbal oils and dilute with water to make a spray. Experiment with proportions, starting with a few drops of oil per cup of water.

          How to Use: Spray plants thoroughly, especially undersides of leaves, and repeat when necessary. Do not use more than once a week on some plants.


          Some common botanical pesticides made from essential plant oils are listed below:

          Canola Oil: Canola oil is an edible vegetable oil obtained from the seeds of two species of rape plants, Brassica napus and B. campestris of the family Cruciferae (mustard family). It is used to control insects on a wide variety of crops. Canola oil is considered safe for human consumption. Scientists believe that canola oil repels insects by altering the outer layer of the leaf surface or by acting as an insect irritant. Canola oil appears to have no adverse effects on humans or the environment.

          Catnip Oil: Research by Iowa State University and the US Forest Service announced that nepatalactone, the essential oil in catnip, can be used as a very effective mosquito repellent. The authors stated that nepetalactone is about 10 times more effective than DEET. The researchers believe that catnip repels mosquitoes by an irritant reaction.

          How to make: in a hand-held spray bottle, mix 1/4-1/2 tsp. of essential oil of catnip (Nepata cataria), 1 cup of isopropyl alcohol, and 1 cup of water.

          How to use: Shake well and then spray lightly on clothing, arms, and legs, being careful to avoid eyes or open cuts. Do not use on the skin of small children. Some persons may be sensitive to catnip oil. Keep the contents of the spray away from children and pets.

          Cedarwood Oil: Cedarwood oil is often used in mothproofing, and may contribute to the control of certain other insects. The US Army tested various forms of cedar, including cedar chips, cedar oil and sachet bags of cedar shavings. Their conclusions were that cedar works best in confined spaces such as clothes storage bins, but had little effect in other applications. A commercial cedar wood oil spray made by Safers® had little residual effect, but works when applied directly to the pests.

          Citronella Oil: Oil of Citronella is a volatile, liquid oil derived from dried cultivated grasses. Citronella has been used for over 50 years as an insect repellent and as an animal repellent. It is found in many familiar insect repellent products: candles, lotions, gels, sprays and towelette wipes for use on clothing and people. These products repel various insects, some of which are public health pests, such as mosquitoes, biting flies and fleas. Citronella is also present in some pellet and tablet products for use around home lawns and gardens to repel dogs and cats. When used according to the label, citronella products are not expected to cause harm to humans, pets or the environment. It works by repelling animals and insects without harming or killing them. It has a distinctive odor, which repels certain animals. In tablet or pellet form it is also used in recreational areas, outdoor household areas, and around trees and shrubs. Animal collars and tags containing citronella are used on pets and other domestic animals to repel fleas and ticks.

          Clove Oil: which can be mixed in a spray bottle with warm water and sprayed where ever you do not want bugs to go. This numbing oil is also good when the pain of a bug bite or sting is bothering you.

          Cottonseed Oil: Cottonseed oil is generally considered the most insecticidal of the vegetable oils. Several commercial products are available that contain cottonseed oil, however this oil is not generally available for wide spread use.

          Neem Oil: Neem oil is extracted from the tropical neem tree, Azadirachta indica, contains insecticidal properties that are composed of a complex mixture of biologically active compounds. It has a strong, slightly garlic-like odor that some people describe as unpleasant. Its various active ingredients act as repellents, feeding inhibitors, egg laying deterrents, growth retardants, sterilants and direct toxins. Neem has both contact and systemic action in plants. The active ingredients biodegrade rapidly in sunlight and within a few weeks in the soil. Neem oil has very low toxicity to mammals. Clarified hydrophobic extracts of neem oil are used to control some fungal diseases of plants. In India, neem products have been used in toothpaste, pharmaceuticals, and as a grain protectant for centuries without apparent harm to humans.

          Patchouli Oil: whose botanical name is pogostemom cablin, can be used to stimulate new cell growth, tightens tissues, speeds healing of sores, wounds, reducing body odor, cools fever, and repels insects.

          Tea Tree Oil: Keep a spray bottle mixed with 15 drops of Tea Tree Oil and a quart of water to repel insects close by. In the summer ants tend to come in our patio door or along the exposed wall. When that begins, spray this natural Bug Buster several times a day for several days and they'll find somewhere else to go. Natural doesn't work fast like chemicals, but then it doesn't kill a little bit of you either!

          Specific Insects and What Works

          Ants - Several drops of Peppermint oil may be sprinkled strategically along counters and walls to deter ants. It is very important to test surface area to make sure the oil will not destroy the finish. Water may be used as a base to make up a spray for areas where ants like to gather. Add 4 oz. of water into a spritzer bottle and add 20 drops of Peppermint, Citronella or Spearmint oil to give repelling power.

          Cockroaches - Add a few drops of Citronella to cotton and place in the back of cupboard. An additional drop of Peppermint or Lemongrass can be added for extra strength.

          Dust Mites - Mix 5 drops of Eucalyptus oil to the rinse cycle of your washing machine. Into a spray bottle add 8 oz. methylated spirits and 40 drops Eucalyptus oil. Add 6 oz. water and lightly spray under beds.

          Fleas - Pennyroyal oil is specific against fleas. For a spray, place 20 drops into a spray bottle and add 4 oz. water. One to two extra drops of Cedarwood, Citronella, Lemongrass or Lavender may also be added. Lightly spray your animal (without saturating and avoiding eyes) and its bedding areas.

          Use 10 drops of Tea Tree Oil to 8 oz. of water and spray on animal's coat as you rub it in. It will be good for their skin also. This needs to be done daily until the problem is under control in the home. After all fleas are gone you can put it in a spray bottle and give your animal a spritz all over once or twice a day if fleas are in the area.

          Flies - Place a handful of dried cloves in a bowl and sprinkle with a few drops of Clove and Lavender, Citronella or Peppermint oil. Recharge with additional oil from time to time.

          Mice - Add a few drops of Peppermint, Eucalyptus or Spearmint to cotton and place in the ceiling and anywhere mice might enter the house.

          Moth/Silverfish - Add a few drops of Cedarwood to cotton and place in wardrobes and drawers. An extra drop of Spearmint, Lavender, Citronella or Peppermint can be added for reinforcement.

          Ticks and Leeches - Apply Tea Tree Oil to the live tick or leech and surrounding skin. Leave for 20 minutes. The tick may fall off. If not, remove it carefully (make certain no part of the tick is left in the skin). Continue applying the oil to the bite three times per day for up to seven days.

          First Aid: Insect Bites and Stings

          For blue bottles-mozzies-midgies-sandflies
          10 drops Lavender oil
          into Aloe ointment or gel
          Dab directly onto bites or stings for soothing relief.

          Insect Repellant Spray

          For mozzies-midgies-sandflies
          In a Spritzer Bottle
          4 oz.water
          5 drops Penneyroyal oil
          10 drops Citronella
          10 drops Lavender
          10 Drops Lemongrass

          Shake well before using and lightly spray onto exposed skin areas. ****Do not use during pregnancy.



          References

          1. Bio-Integral Resource Center. 1987. "Update: Neem - A New Era in Pest Control Products?" The IPM Practitioner 9(10). U.S. EPA. 1999.

          2. Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisonings. EPA 735-R-98-003. Office of Prevention, Pesticides, and Toxic Substances. Washington, DC.

          3. National Coalition Against the Misuse of Pesticides (NCAMP). 2002. "Pesticides and You" NCAMP, Washington D.C. Vol. 21, No.4, 2001

          4. EPA Biopesticides Factsheets. Plant Oils. www.epa.gov



          Andrew Pacholyk, MS L.Ac
          http://peacefulmind.com/summer.htm
          Therapies for healing
          mind, body, spirit
        • yogiguruji
          Good Morning! Essential Oils and Insects Many essential oils exist that have uses as pesticides such as citrus oils, mint oil, pine oil, capsicum (pepper)
          Message 4 of 4 , Aug 21, 2015
            Good Morning!

            Essential Oils and Insects

            Many essential oils exist that have uses as pesticides such as citrus oils, mint oil, pine oil, capsicum (pepper) extracts, tree oils and vegetable oils. The essential oil of Bergamot, Anise, Sage, Tea tree, Geranium, Mint, and Thyme, Hyssop, Rosemary, Thyme, and White Clover can be used to control certain pests on plants. They have been shown to reduce the number of eggs laid and the amount of feeding damage by certain insects, particularly lepidopteran caterpillars.

            Sprays made from Tansy have demonstrated a repellent effect on imported cabbageworm on cabbage, reducing the number of eggs laid on the plants. Teas made from Wormwood or Nasturtiums are reputed to repel aphids from fruit trees, and sprays made from ground or blended Catnip, Chives, Feverfew, Marigolds, or Rue have also been used by gardeners against pests that feed on leaves.

            How to Make: In general, herbal sprays are made by mashing or blending 1 to 2 cups of fresh leaves with 2 to 4 cups of water and leaving them to soak overnight. Or you can make an herbal tea by pouring the same amount of boiling water over 2 to 4 cups fresh or 1 to 2 cups dry leaves and leaving them to steep until cool. Strain the water through a cheesecloth before spraying and dilute further with 2 to 4 cups water. Add a very small amount of non-detergent liquid soap (1/4 teaspoon in 1 to 2 quarts of water) to help spray stick to leaves and spread better. You can also buy commercial essential herbal oils and dilute with water to make a spray. Experiment with proportions, starting with a few drops of oil per cup of water.

            How to Use: Spray plants thoroughly, especially undersides of leaves, and repeat when necessary. Do not use more than once a week on some plants.
            Some common botanical pesticides made from essential plant oils are listed below:

            Canola Oil: Canola oil is an edible vegetable oil obtained from the seeds of two species of rape plants, Brassica napus and B. campestris of the family Cruciferae (mustard family). It is used to control insects on a wide variety of crops. Canola oil is considered safe for human consumption. Scientists believe that canola oil repels insects by altering the outer layer of the leaf surface or by acting as an insect irritant. Canola oil appears to have no adverse effects on humans or the environment.

            Catnip Oil: Research by Iowa State University and the US Forest Service announced that nepatalactone, the essential oil in catnip, can be used as a very effective mosquito repellent. The authors stated that nepetalactone is about 10 times more effective than DEET. The researchers believe that catnip repels mosquitoes by an irritant reaction.

            How to make: in a hand-held spray bottle, mix 1/4-1/2 tsp. of essential oil of catnip (Nepata cataria), 1 cup of isopropyl alcohol, and 1 cup of water.

            How to use: Shake well and then spray lightly on clothing, arms, and legs, being careful to avoid eyes or open cuts. Do not use on the skin of small children. Some persons may be sensitive to catnip oil. Keep the contents of the spray away from children and pets.

            Cedarwood Oil: Cedarwood oil is often used in mothproofing, and may contribute to the control of certain other insects. The US Army tested various forms of cedar, including cedar chips, cedar oil and sachet bags of cedar shavings. Their conclusions were that cedar works best in confined spaces such as clothes storage bins, but had little effect in other applications. A commercial cedar wood oil spray made by Safers� had little residual effect, but works when applied directly to the pests.

            Citronella Oil: Oil of Citronella is a volatile, liquid oil derived from dried cultivated grasses. Citronella has been used for over 50 years as an insect repellent and as an animal repellent. It is found in many familiar insect repellent products: candles, lotions, gels, sprays and towelette wipes for use on clothing and people. These products repel various insects, some of which are public health pests, such as mosquitoes, biting flies and fleas. Citronella is also present in some pellet and tablet products for use around home lawns and gardens to repel dogs and cats. When used according to the label, citronella products are not expected to cause harm to humans, pets or the environment. It works by repelling animals and insects without harming or killing them. It has a distinctive odor, which repels certain animals. In tablet or pellet form it is also used in recreational areas, outdoor household areas, and around trees and shrubs. Animal collars and tags containing citronella are used on pets and other domestic animals to repel fleas and ticks.

            Clove Oil: which can be mixed in a spray bottle with warm water and sprayed where ever you do not want bugs to go. This numbing oil is also good when the pain of a bug bite or sting is bothering you.

            Cottonseed Oil: Cottonseed oil is generally considered the most insecticidal of the vegetable oils. Several commercial products are available that contain cottonseed oil, however this oil is not generally available for wide spread use.

            Neem Oil: Neem oil is extracted from the tropical neem tree, Azadirachta indica, contains insecticidal properties that are composed of a complex mixture of biologically active compounds. It has a strong, slightly garlic-like odor that some people describe as unpleasant. Its various active ingredients act as repellents, feeding inhibitors, egg laying deterrents, growth retardants, sterilants and direct toxins. Neem has both contact and systemic action in plants. The active ingredients biodegrade rapidly in sunlight and within a few weeks in the soil. Neem oil has very low toxicity to mammals. Clarified hydrophobic extracts of neem oil are used to control some fungal diseases of plants. In India, neem products have been used in toothpaste, pharmaceuticals, and as a grain protectant for centuries without apparent harm to humans.

            Patchouli Oil: whose botanical name is pogostemom cablin, can be used to stimulate new cell growth, tightens tissues, speeds healing of sores, wounds, reducing body odor, cools fever, and repels insects.

            Tea Tree Oil: Keep a spray bottle mixed with 15 drops of Tea Tree Oil and a quart of water to repel insects close by. In the summer ants tend to come in our patio door or along the exposed wall. When that begins, spray this natural Bug Buster several times a day for several days and they'll find somewhere else to go. Natural doesn't work fast like chemicals, but then it doesn't kill a little bit of you either!

            Specific Insects and What Works

            Ants - Several drops of Peppermint oil may be sprinkled strategically along counters and walls to deter ants. It is very important to test surface area to make sure the oil will not destroy the finish. Water may be used as a base to make up a spray for areas where ants like to gather. Add 4 oz. of water into a spritzer bottle and add 20 drops of Peppermint, Citronella or Spearmint oil to give repelling power.

            Cockroaches - Add a few drops of Citronella to cotton and place in the back of cupboard. An additional drop of Peppermint or Lemongrass can be added for extra strength.

            Dust Mites - Mix 5 drops of Eucalyptus oil to the rinse cycle of your washing machine. Into a spray bottle add 8 oz. methylated spirits and 40 drops Eucalyptus oil. Add 6 oz. water and lightly spray under beds.

            Fleas - Pennyroyal oil is specific against fleas. For a spray, place 20 drops into a spray bottle and add 4 oz. water. One to two extra drops of Cedarwood, Citronella, Lemongrass or Lavender may also be added. Lightly spray your animal (without saturating and avoiding eyes) and its bedding areas.

            Use 10 drops of Tea Tree Oil to 8 oz. of water and spray on animal's coat as you rub it in. It will be good for their skin also. This needs to be done daily until the problem is under control in the home. After all fleas are gone you can put it in a spray bottle and give your animal a spritz all over once or twice a day if fleas are in the area.

            Flies - Place a handful of dried cloves in a bowl and sprinkle with a few drops of Clove and Lavender, Citronella or Peppermint oil. Recharge with additional oil from time to time.

            Mice - Add a few drops of Peppermint, Eucalyptus or Spearmint to cotton and place in the ceiling and anywhere mice might enter the house.

            Moth/Silverfish - Add a few drops of Cedarwood to cotton and place in wardrobes and drawers. An extra drop of Spearmint, Lavender, Citronella or Peppermint can be added for reinforcement.

            Ticks and Leeches - Apply Tea Tree Oil to the live tick or leech and surrounding skin. Leave for 20 minutes. The tick may fall off. If not, remove it carefully (make certain no part of the tick is left in the skin). Continue applying the oil to the bite three times per day for up to seven days.

            First Aid: Insect Bites and Stings

            For blue bottles-mozzies-midgies-sandflies 
            10 drops Lavender oil 
            into Aloe ointment or gel 
            Dab directly onto bites or stings for soothing relief.

            Insect Repellant Spray

            For mozzies-midgies-sandflies 
            In a Spritzer Bottle 
            4 oz.water 
            5 drops Penneyroyal oil 
            10 drops Citronella 
            10 drops Lavender 
            10 Drops Lemongrass

            Shake well before using and lightly spray onto exposed skin areas. ****Do not use during pregnancy.


            Andrew Pacholyk MS L.Ac
            http://www.peacefulmind.com/summer.htm
            Therapies for healing
            mind, body, spirit 

          Your message has been successfully submitted and would be delivered to recipients shortly.