- Joann et al: In addition to the examples provided on Rand s web-site, I have come across a number of other examples of Tyi Wara figures for your consideration.Message 1 of 1 , Sep 30, 2005View SourceJoann et al:In addition to the examples provided on Rand's web-site, I have come across a number of other examples of Tyi Wara figures for your consideration. I hope you and others will enjoy looking at the very diverse and creative examples (just a few of many, many!) of this traditional Bamana/Bambara headdress form.First, to see a very brief glimpse of the Tyi Wara in motion, go to:There are a few other very short video clips of other African dance/ritual performances (from the Bobo, Bwa, Dogon and Yoruba) as well at:Then, here is a plethora of still images of various Tyi Waras from various sources. I have included the links for instances where the image cannot perhaps be accessed...The first link is itself text only but contains a number of image links to illustrate.1) From Judy Decker's Arts Education site at Princeton On-Line, a community web-site:2 and 3) From Clemons Library of the University of Virginia:The complete exhibition from various traditions and then direct links to the 2 "Chi Wara" figures:CHI WARA HEADRESS (female)
- Bamana, Mali Republic
The "female" Chi-Wara headdress, representing the earth, always accompanies the male headdress during the harvest dances. The baby carried by the female symbolizes baby human beings. As in the male Chi-Wara headdress, the long horns stand for the desired growth of tall millet. The element of water is represented by the fiber costume attached to the headdress. When danced by a pair of men chosen as exemplary farmers, the headdresses symbolically combine those elements necessary for good agriculture: sun, water, and a solid rooting of the plant in the earth.CHI WARA HEADRESS (male)
- Bamana, Mali Republic
- Wood, metal, threads
To the Bamana people, farming is the most important and noblest profession. At planting time, men of the Chi-Wara association of farmers dance with headresses like these in the fields to honor Chi- Wara, the mythical "farming animal" that taught agriculture to the ancestors of the Bamana. The headdresses, always danced in male and female pairs, depict the antelope-like Chi-Wara and display the ingredients of successful cultivation. The long horns of the male Chi Wara stand for the tall growth of millet; the penis signifies the rooting of this grain. The long ears refer to the cultivators' listening to the songs sung by women who encourage the men while they work in the fields; the open, zigzag pattern in the neck symbolizes the sun's path along the horizon between the two solstices.
4 and 5)From a Museum I can't quite identify ... some magnificent examples: http://www.varldskulturmuseet.se/smvk/jsp/polopoly.jsp?d=1088&a=4853&p=0
6) Then, from a personal web-site of a Danish Collector named Ole Christensen: http://www.africanart.dk/Default.asp?valg=vis&StNo=176 :
Antilope headdres ” Chi-Wara”
The Bambara people inhabit vast savanna areas in Mali. They are admired for their artistic skills.
This object is a headdress in the form of an antilope used and danced in agricultural rites.
A label under the object indicates that it is collected by the danish scholar and collector Carl Kjersmeier in the village Sirokoro, French West Africa during his expedition nov. 1931- april 1932. The label bears the signature: Carl Kjersmeier.
Later it came into the collection of professor at the Academy of fine arts in Copenhagen, Einar Utzon- Franck, and after his death it was sold at Arne Bruun-Rasmussens auktion, Copenhagen, october 1955.
Last owner before me was a painter of the COBRA movement.7) Another example from the same site:8 and 9) And from the Smithsonian/National Museum of African Art :http://www.nmafa.si.edu/exhibits/ipi/sudart/91-8-1.htm
Headdresses (chi wara kun)
Bamana peoples, Bamako region, Mali
Wood, iron, fiber
55.2 cm (21 3/4 in)
59.1 cm (23 1/4 in)
91-8-1.1 and 91-8-1.2, gift of Dr. Ernst Anspach and museum purchaseAnd another example from the Museum displayed by lerner.org:10) And from cartage.org.lb
Franko Khoury, CREST MASK (CHI WARA KUN), BAMANA PEOPLES, MALI (late 19th-early 20th century). Courtesy of the National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.11) And yet another from the Museum (NMAfA) on the Humboldt site, an example in lighter color: http://sorrel.humboldt.edu/~rwj1/AFR/afr825s.html
Chi Wara Headdress, wood, Nat. Mus. Of African Art, Washington, D.C., Johnson Photo
12 and 13) There's a great pair of Tyi Wara at this site which are part of a larger scroll of images: http://www.beaconschool.org/~balm/Africa/images/14) And then from http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/Arts/scultpurePlastic/AfricanSculpture/AfricanArtAesthetics/TheExhibition/aa03.jpgEnjoy! Lee