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Home Court Advantage

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  • igor eduardo küpfer
    An interesting paper at http://dlibrary.acu.edu.au/staffhome/stburke/su00p4.htm looks at the causes of home team advantage across many sports. * * * Home
    Message 1 of 1 , Oct 25, 2004
      An interesting paper at
      http://dlibrary.acu.edu.au/staffhome/stburke/su00p4.htm looks at the causes
      of home team advantage across many sports.

      * * *

      Home Advantage: The Causes Of It’s Existence!
      By Stephen Chipps & Dr. Stephen Burke

      ABSTRACT

      Belief in the advantage of playing an athletic event at home has been
      popular for many years and coaches have devised strategies accordingly. The
      first research confirming the existence of home advantage was first
      published 23 years ago and a review of the published literature is presented
      in this report. It addresses the issues of home advantage, home disadvantage
      and the factors responsible for their existence. Since the original
      publication the existence of home advantage has been demonstrated across a
      wide variety of sports and across different levels of standard. The reasons
      for the existence of such a home advantage seems to lie largely with the
      local crowd support, but how this effect occurs is still not completely
      understood. However in championship finals home advantage seems to be
      reduced.

      [From the Conclusion]:

      It can be concluded that the effects of rule factors, travel factors and
      familiarity and learning factors play a minimal role in contributing to the
      home advantage. On the other hand there are conflicting results concerning
      the involvement of crowd factors in the creation of home advantage. The
      evidence from studies on crowd factors indicates that this is likely to be
      the likely dominant cause of home advantage in view of the convincing
      evidence that home advantage increases with increasing crowd size until the
      crowd has reached a critical size. The crowd may affect the home advantage
      either by providing a psychological lift to raise the home competitor’s
      performance relative to the away competitors or by influencing the officials
      to favour the home team, as subjective decisions favour the home team. It is
      also possible that competitors adjust psychologically in different ways when
      playing at home than when playing away which may affect their performance.

      --
      ed
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