Re: Important New Book
- Happy New Year all! Certainly 2009 could not be worse than 2008!
The most important argument for the identification of Beitin with
Bethel -one used by Anson Rainey- is the possible transformation of
the name - changing the final "l" to "n". Jezreel is a case in
point. However, I suggest there is another possiblity for Beitin and
that is "Pirathon".
There are several reasons why Pirathon should be in this area. The
traditional site near Elmatten -west of Mt Gerizim - is not in the
Mount Ephraim region and Pirathon was located in the mountain region
of Ephraim (Judges 12:15). Nadav Na'aman suggests a region along the
western side of Ephraim near the Sharon Plain. However, that does
not make sense. 1 Macc. 9: 50 claims Bacchides "built strong cities
in Judea" including Bethel and Pharathon. All these locations seem
to be along the northern border of Judea from Jericho in the east to
Emmaus and Beth-horon in the west. The region suggested by Naaman was
not in Judea at the time.
The list of Davidic heroes (2 Sam 23: 24-39) names many places in
Judea. Among them is Benaiah of Pirathon. If Pirathon is well to
the north and/or west of Beitin, then this person is the only one
from Samaria or the Mountain region of Ephraim. However, if Pirathon
is near or on the northern border regionb of Judea, then he fits the
pattern and all the names are from Judea and the southern regions.
how difficult would it be to transform the name from Pirathon or
Pharathon to Beitin? pirathon must be somewhere in the Beitin-Ophrah
>biblical, archaeological, and topographical evidence--then goes on to
> The article--which interacts with the issues on the level of
argue for the following conclusions:
>of Niels Lemche, further interaction on this topic need not take
> Ai â et Tell
> Bethel â Beitin
> Bethel = el-Bira/Bireh
> Ai = Khirbet el-Maqatir
> Beth Aven = Beitin
> From here, I will let the article speak for itself. In the spirit
place until the literature is read. As for the book itself, it is
worth noting that the views and perspectives of the authors are quite
wide-ranging and diverse.
> With warm wishes,
> Doug Petrovich
> [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]