Re: [ANE-2] How was Inarus/Inaros executed?
- Hi Jean-Fabrice,
It looks as though I failed to thank everyone who replied to my
question. Apologies and many thanks.
Sunday, May 25, 2008, 6:48:14 PM, you wrote:
> Anastaurizô / anastauroô means "to be put upwards (ana) on a--
> stauros", be it to hang or to die (as is the case with Inaros), so,
> strictly speaking, in each case where the verb is found we are left
> to guess whether we are dealing with impalement or what we call
> crucifiction. Impalement per se, either specified by the verb
> pêgnumi, "to fix", in Aeschylus, Eumenides, 189-190 kai muzousin
> oiktismon polun / hupo rhakhin pagentes, "and where one moans with
> long and piteous cries under the stick (driven) through the spine",
> cf. A. H. Sommerstein, Aeschylus Eumenides ("Greek and Latin
> Classics", Cambridge, C.U.P., 1989) p. 115 . by the Wortbildung (the
> semantically cruel compound anaskhinduleuô in Plato, Republic, II,
> 362 a 1 is based on skhindulêsis, "the cleaving into pieces", and
> its composition mirrors anaskhizô, "to rip up", "to open up") ; or
> by the lexique (Euripides, Iphigeneia in Tauris, 1430, and Electra,
> 898, uses skolopismos, "impalement", from skolops, "anyting
> pointed", especially "barb, pale, stake" ; the unknown author of the
> Rhesos, 514-515, has rhakhin stêsô, "by the neck I will stick him
> up" (on the city gates)), never was a part of the Greek criminal law
> ; to die on a pole driven through the body was seen in the Classical
> texts as so extreme a torture that it can only befit Barbarians or
> unworthy Hellenes (Herodotus IX 79).
> Jean-Fabrice Nardelli
> Université de Provence
> ----- Original Message -----
> From: David Lorton
> To: ANEemail@example.com
> Sent: Sunday, May 25, 2008 6:17 PM
> Subject: Re: [ANE-2] How was Inarus/Inaros executed?
> The Persians have long been credited with introducing the
> practice of crucifixion, and so far as I know, this information is based on classical sources.
> Reading Dr. Nardelli's posting, I wondered whether this
> information is accurate, or whether it's based on a misunderstanding
> of the verb anastaurizô? And, in classical scholarship, how certain
> is it that anastaurizô refers specifically, and only, to impalement?
> David Lorton
> Baltimore, MD
> Yahoo! Groups Links
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