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Re: [ANE-2] How was Inarus/Inaros executed?

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  • Doug Weller
    Hi Jean-Fabrice, It looks as though I failed to thank everyone who replied to my question. Apologies and many thanks. Doug Weller ... -- -- Doug Weller
    Message 1 of 8 , May 30, 2008
      Hi Jean-Fabrice,

      It looks as though I failed to thank everyone who replied to my
      question. Apologies and many thanks.
      Doug Weller

      Sunday, May 25, 2008, 6:48:14 PM, you wrote:

      > Anastaurizô / anastauroô means "to be put upwards (ana) on a
      > stauros", be it to hang or to die (as is the case with Inaros), so,
      > strictly speaking, in each case where the verb is found we are left
      > to guess whether we are dealing with impalement or what we call
      > crucifiction. Impalement per se, either specified by the verb
      > pêgnumi, "to fix", in Aeschylus, Eumenides, 189-190 kai muzousin
      > oiktismon polun / hupo rhakhin pagentes, "and where one moans with
      > long and piteous cries under the stick (driven) through the spine",
      > cf. A. H. Sommerstein, Aeschylus Eumenides ("Greek and Latin
      > Classics", Cambridge, C.U.P., 1989) p. 115 . by the Wortbildung (the
      > semantically cruel compound anaskhinduleuô in Plato, Republic, II,
      > 362 a 1 is based on skhindulêsis, "the cleaving into pieces", and
      > its composition mirrors anaskhizô, "to rip up", "to open up") ; or
      > by the lexique (Euripides, Iphigeneia in Tauris, 1430, and Electra,
      > 898, uses skolopismos, "impalement", from skolops, "anyting
      > pointed", especially "barb, pale, stake" ; the unknown author of the
      > Rhesos, 514-515, has rhakhin stêsô, "by the neck I will stick him
      > up" (on the city gates)), never was a part of the Greek criminal law
      > ; to die on a pole driven through the body was seen in the Classical
      > texts as so extreme a torture that it can only befit Barbarians or
      > unworthy Hellenes (Herodotus IX 79).

      > Jean-Fabrice Nardelli
      > Université de Provence

      > ----- Original Message -----
      > From: David Lorton
      > To: ANE-2@yahoogroups.com
      > Sent: Sunday, May 25, 2008 6:17 PM
      > Subject: Re: [ANE-2] How was Inarus/Inaros executed?

      > The Persians have long been credited with introducing the
      > practice of crucifixion, and so far as I know, this information is based on classical sources.

      > Reading Dr. Nardelli's posting, I wondered whether this
      > information is accurate, or whether it's based on a misunderstanding
      > of the verb anastaurizô? And, in classical scholarship, how certain
      > is it that anastaurizô refers specifically, and only, to impalement?

      > David Lorton
      > Baltimore, MD

      > ------------------------------------

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      Doug Weller Moderator, sci.archaeology.moderated
      Director and Moderator The Hall of Ma'at http://www.hallofmaat.com
      Doug's Skeptical Archaeology Site: http://www.ramtops.co.uk
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