Re: [ANE-2] Mazar reverses her reading
- On Jan 31, 2008 3:40 PM, Steven Feldman wrote:
> I'd like to thank Chris Heard for the point he makes; we have modifiedLet me help you out with the following links:
> the title of our section on the Mazar seal. We hope to keep adding
> scholars' comments on the matter and will soon post a very informative
> piece on the seal by Ryan Byrne. Ryan, too, reads the inscription as
> Shlomit; he questions, however, Mazar's date for the inscription and
> her interpretation of the crescent symbol, so the seal still seems to
> me controversial even if the reading of the inscription appears to be
> Steven Feldman
> Web Editor
> Biblical Archaeology Review
On the reading $lmt, the following are all posts by scholars on the subject:
Jan 17 - Peter van der Veen - http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ANE-2/message/7125
Jan 17 - Peter van der Veen - http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ANE-2/message/7127
Jan 17 - Christopher Rollston - http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ANE-2/message/7133
Jan 17 - Christopher Heard - http://www.heardworld.com/higgaion/?p=896
Jan 21 - Robert Deutch -
Jan 31 - Reinhard Lehmann -
On the iconography, I think this seal cannot be discussed without
comparing it at least
to an "Ezra" seal in the Israel Museum, published 1977, and apparently
hypothesized by various
scholars to be of Moabite, Ammonite, or Phoenician provenance, because
it was bought in the
antiquities market. It would be really nice if you could put a photo
of the "Ezra" seal on your
website as well!
Jan 19 - Michael Welch - http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ANE-2/message/7177
The iconography may also appear in other places, but the above is a
clearly relevant parallel.
Additional interpretations of the iconography and text:
Kevin P. Edgecomb - http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ANE-2/message/7138
(Too good to pass over!)
His Biblical Studies carnival for this month includes discussion of
the seal on the blogs:
- Ryan Byrne's article on E. Mazar's seal is now up at:
In addition to the points I mentioned yesterday, he notes that this
seal brings the number of known West Semitic seals belonging to women
only to 20. Of those, this is only the third with provenance.
Biblical Archaeology Review
- With regard to Ryan Byrne's remark that the seal was owned by a women, the following should be kept in mind:
- Apart from "Shelomith", the Masoretic text knows of a "Shelomoth", too (Ketib in I Chr 23:9; 26:25 $LMWT). Most obviously, the seal may refer to either of the two forms.
- Of course, Shelomit may be a female name. However, it is male at least in I Chr 23:18; 26:28. And Shelomoth refers to a male in both instances mentioned.
- The LXX, too, contains both Salomit and Salomot (although the distribution is different from the MT), and both refer to males.
In light of this evidence, two conclusions should be drawn:
1. We don't know whether the owner of the seal was a certain "Shelomit" or rather "Shelomot".
2. We don't know whether the owner was male or female.
Kirchliche Hochschule Wuppertal/Bethel
- By my count, if you take MT $LMYT, $LWMYT, and $LMWT as proper names
whose bearers might own a seal inscribed $LMT, the males outnumber the
females two to one. I give more details on my Higgaion blog here:
On Feb 1, 2008, at 8:52 AM, Stefan Schorch wrote:
> With regard to Ryan Byrne's remark that the seal was owned by a
> women, the following should be kept in mind:
> - Apart from "Shelomith", the Masoretic text knows of a "Shelomoth",
> too (Ketib in I Chr 23:9; 26:25 $LMWT). Most obviously, the seal may
> refer to either of the two forms.
> - Of course, Shelomit may be a female name. However, it is male at
> least in I Chr 23:18; 26:28. And Shelomoth refers to a male in both
> instances mentioned.
> - The LXX, too, contains both Salomit and Salomot (although the
> distribution is different from the MT), and both refer to males.
> In light of this evidence, two conclusions should be drawn:
> 1. We don't know whether the owner of the seal was a certain
> "Shelomit" or rather "Shelomot".
> 2. We don't know whether the owner was male or female.
Associate Professor of Religion
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