Re: [ANE-2] Re: Are Etruscans Phoenicians?
- I'm with you Chris. Linguistically, textually and geographically one would have to seriously consider the Phoenicians were fundamentally descendants of Ebla influenced through trade by early Aegean (Minoan?) culture.
Gene . . . .
----- Original Message ----
From: Chris Weimer <Christopher.M.Weimer@...>
Sent: Friday, April 6, 2007 12:20:02 AM
Subject: [ANE-2] Re: Are Etruscans Phoenicians?
I don't think so - Anatolia wasn't predominantly a Semitic
(linguistically) homeland, and the Phonecians were defnitely a Semitic
- Dear all,
Forgive me if any of this has been brought up before as I haven't
had the time to read every one of the 32 messages in this thread.
I think the thesis that Etruscans originated in Asia Minor is well
founded. There is evidence that there was a drought in Anatolia by
the end of the 13th century BC (for instance, the Hittite king
appealed to Egypt for wheat), that might have caused a series of
migrations, known commonly as the "Sea Peoples" phenomenon. This
same event could have triggered a migration of populations from
Western Anatolia to Italy. "The origin of Etruscans" by R.S.P.
Beekes (http://www.knaw.nl/publicaties/pdf/20021051.pdf) synthesizes
the evidence that supports this scenario.
The Stele of Lemnos is another important pillar of this thesis, as
its language ï¿½ dubbed Lemnian ï¿½ shows traits that connect it to the
little we know of Etruscan. These traits include case endings and
numerals. I have had the opportunity to examine the stele myself and
I find its content quite interesting. For this, see a summary of
Etruscan external history together with an outline of the grammar of
the language, written by Michael Weiss (Cornell University) and
available online (http://ling.cornell.edu/people/Weiss/CGL_35-Etruscan.pdf). It is certainly fruitful to compare the Lemnian text
against Etruscan but, given the reference, I will abstain from
asserting further on the linguistic evidence. In addition, I think
one can relate the Etruscan alphabet to those of Asia Minor (such as
the Lycian), as well as to that of the Lemnos stele with some
To sum up, I think it is not farfetched to suggest that a non-IE
language family was spoken by some populations in the Aegean and
Western Anatolia and that one group speaking such a language
migrated westwards becoming known as Etruscans. Lemnians would then
be a population that remained.
Whether this language group and these populations can be related or
not to Eteo-Cretans, Minoans or whatever else is a whole different
question which, in my view, must be approached with caution at this
Miguel F. G. Valï¿½rio
Undergraduate student of Archaeology
Faculdade de Ciï¿½ncias Sociais e Humanas
Universidade Nova de Lisboa