Re: Japhia and Nazareth
- --- In ANEemail@example.com, "Yitzhak Sapir" <yitzhaksapir@...> wrote:
> Zippora Cochavi-Rainey apparently identifies Yapu of the Amarnaletters with Jaffa. (That is, in the geographical index of her Amarna
letters translation, there is a listing for Jaffa, and it says right
after Yapu, and gives the relevant Amarna letters where this toponym
appears). It is apparently mentioned by one letter by the ruler of
Megiddo, one by the ruler of Byblos, one by the ruler of Lachish, and
one from an unnamed location (EA 296), but it mentions Yapu alongside
Gaza. It appears to me that the equation Yapu = Yafo, makes more
sense, and the northern letters mentioning it can also be explained.
If I remember correctly, Jaffa was an Egyptian administrative center
for the entire Canaan region. Maybe I am not reading Cochavi-Rainey
properly, but still the mention of Yapu alongside Gaza suggests a
southern location for me.
> Yitzhak Sapir<
Thank you, Yitzhak, for this apparently very plausible possibility.
However, regardless of the reference in the Amarna letters, we still
have an unambiguous Iron Age attestation for Yaphia (yod-pe-yod-ayin)
in the general region of Roman Japhia at Jos 19:12.
There are a number of ethnographical studies of pottery that were published in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s, primarily in AA. I think some of these appear in Kramer's "Ceramic Ethnoarchaeology" in Annual Review of Anthropology 1985. Mostly this was American, but the idea is that because of frequent use and because of frequent thermal shock that cooking vessels have a life-span in the range of months not years. Amphorae are at the other end of the scale in years if not decades. Oh yes, see Longacre's article in Decoding Prehistoric Ceramics and references there.
I hope this helps.