I've been asked to forward this web site on Umm el-Marra:
which might be helpful.
><< Palestine and southern Israel ... I don't think so'. One hoard in both
>I don't see your problem with this. Palestine and Israel cover very much the
>same territory and a place may have been in one at some times and in the
>other at other times over the last 3000-4000 years.
>And the 'advert' did not say when the hoard was legally exported.
>You may be reading too much into the advert, or it might just be a load of
>fakes as you suggest.
> From: Beatrice Hopkinson <beahopkinson@...>http://www.jhu.edu/neareast/uem/
> Reply-To: ANEemail@example.com
> Date: Fri, 30 Mar 2007 16:12:33 -0700
> To: <ANEfirstname.lastname@example.org>
> Subject: [ANE-2] Umm el-Marra
> I've been asked to forward this web site on Umm el-Marra:
> which might be helpful.My sincere thanks, Bea
> Beatrice Hopkinson
So, Umm el-Marra is on the Jabbul plain, east of Aleppo and Alalakh,
north-east of Ebla and Ugarit, north-west of Emar (on the Euphrates), and
very distant from Gubla/Byblos.
I now have the precise source for the pictures of these "perforated clay
cylinders with written (?) symbols from Tomb 4, upper level".
There are at least 6 tombs in a necropolis on the acropolis of the city,
dated 2500-2300 BCE.
Tomb 1 is dated c. 2300 (pottery = Ebla palace finds)
5, 6: c.2500 BCE
2, 3, 4: no date suggested
If these objects are amulets for the male personage in the tomb, then my
suggested readings (made on the basis of no context whatsoever) now sound
NIKAWANA "he is established"
My gratitude is also expressed here to Judith Weingarten who first informed
me about these important objects.
The good thing about blogs is that the essays can be corrected and expanded,
and I must do that tomorrow.
But are there any other additions or corrections I should consider?
Massey University, NZ