When I said that I did not know of temples newly built in the Persian period
I had in mind only Egypt, but even there I misspoke (er, miswrote). The
temple to Isis and Osiris was newly created during the reign of Artaxerxes I
at the Kharga oasis (see the work of M. Wuttman, et. al., discussed on pp.
78-9 in The Priest and the Great King).
The Jerusalem temple as well as the Samaritan temple at Mt. Gerizim were
built during the Persian period, according to recent excavations.
Your other questions require a long discussion, and I refer you again to my
book. I will only say here that in my opinion temples were used by the
Persians to show that the local god supported Persian rule (e.g., the Cyrus
Cylinder, etc). As for the high priest, I do not believe that he had any
political independence at all. I think the high priestly line strove for
political independence, and achieved it finally only briefly under the
Maccabees. As for ideological independence, there is some indication that
local priests did attempt to resist Persian dominance.
Lisbeth S. Fried, Ph. D.
Frankel Center for Judaic Studies and the
Department of Near Eastern Studies
The University of Michigan
202 South Thayer Street- Room 4111
Ann Arbor, MI 48104
] On Behalf Of
Sent: Tuesday, November 28, 2006 11:01 AM
Subject: RES: [ANE-2] Egyptian temple econoomy
Do you not considers that the temple of Jerusalem has been a new build
temple in Persian period? In it would consider it that the temple of
Jerusalem was an instrument of ideological control of the Persia? Do you see
some political-ideological independence of Joshua, the highest priest,
during its regency?
Osvaldo Luiz Ribeiro
De: ANE-2@yahoogroups. <mailto:ANE-2%40yahoogroups.com> com
[mailto:ANE-2@yahoogroups. <mailto:ANE-2%40yahoogroups.com> com] Em nome de
Enviada em: terça-feira, 28 de novembro de 2006 22:29
Para: ANE-2@yahoogroups. <mailto:ANE-2%40yahoogroups.com> com
Assunto: RE: [ANE-2] Egyptian temple econoomy
Im not sure what you mean. I dont know of any temples that were newly
constructed during Persian occupation.
However, Darius I put his cartouche on temples that had already been built.
I discuss this at length.
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