Query: spelling and etymology of Erra
- View SourceDear members,
Currently preparing an article on the relationship between Greek war god
Ares and the Anatolian god of pestilence Yarri, the latter inspired on
Mesopotamian Erra, I came across some doubts.
I know that in his "The Poem of Erra" (1977), Luigi Cagni defended that
spelling the name of the Akkadian god as Irra, Ira or Era was inaccurate
(p. 14), although I have not read that text myself. I wonder on what
grounds did Cagni assert that those variants are inaccurate and whether
posing that the god was also called Irra does not solve its emergence as
Yarri in Anatolia.
I have also looked for an etymology of the god's name and came up with
different results: 1) an encyclopedia which fails to quote a source (!)
asserts that Erra is related to Akk. erreru 'he who curses' as well as
araru 'course, insult'; 2) J. J. Roberts, "Erra - Scorched Earth," Journal
of Cuneiform Studies 24, (1971), pp. 13-14., traces the name to a Semitic
root *hrr- 'to scorch', due to Erra's relationship to igneous phenomena.
Which one is, in fact, the most plausible etymology and can it support
Irra as a valid spelling?
I would be much obliged if someone could help me clear these questions,
with the proper references, of course.
Thanks very much in advance,
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