- There were different campaigns described from the time of Ramesses III.
There was the invasion by the Libyans allied with Sea Peoples c. year 5.
The Nile Delta battle with the Sea Peoples c. year 8.
The Syrian campaign c. year 11.
According to a 1906 (Public Domain - US Copyright law) translation by Breasted that is partially confirmed cross referencing more recent works:
Medinet Habu, Second Pylon, Year 8:
63, "The countries - -, the [Northerners] in their isles were disturbed, taken away from the [fray] -- at one time. Not one stood before their hands, from Kheta (Ht'), Kode (Kdy), Carchemesh (K-r'-k'-m-s), Arvad ('-r'-tw), Alasa ('-r'-s'), they were wasted. [The]y [set up] a camp in one place in Amor ('-m-r'). They desolated his people and his land like that which was not. They came with fire prepared before them to Egypt. Their main support was the Peleset (Pw-r'-s'-t), Thekel (T'-k-k'-r), Shekelesh (S'-k-rw-s), Denyen (D' -y-n-yw), and Weshesh (W'-s'-s'). (These) lands were united, and they laid their hands upon the land as far as the Circle of the Earth. Their hearts were confident, full of their plans."
Determining who destroyed what cities when is difficult. Mycenae was destroyed about the end of the LBA; no iron tools were found there. The coastal areas of Crete were ruined. The Philistines remained near the border of Egypt at Gaza for centuries after their attack on Egypt. Egyptian influence in Canaan was diminished within 20 years of the end of Ramesses III's reign; until the time of Shoshenq.
David Q. Hall
Falls Church, Virginia
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