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Pella (Jordan) menorah or chalice?

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  • Stephen Goranson
    The recent hype about fake Jordanian antiquities reminds me of an iconographic question. First, background. An interesting marble chancel screen was found in
    Message 1 of 3 , Apr 6, 2011
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      The recent hype about fake Jordanian antiquities reminds me of an iconographic question.

      First, background. An interesting marble chancel screen was found in Pella, Jordan, presumably from a church, as it has Christian crosses. Synagogues in the area also had chancel screens; some perhaps from the same workshops. The iconography differed, but shared some elements, e.g. a wreath. This church screen had, inside a wreath, a large bird, surrounded by four objects. The four items, originally described by the excavators as a menorah, a lulav, a citron, and a shofar, were later called by R. H. Smith, respectively, a chalice, a Nilotic plant, a cuttle-fish, and a sea shell. Some of the older bibliography is given in my Joseph of Tiberias (1990) pages 3-4.

      http://www.duke.edu/~goranson/Joseph_of_Tiberias.pdf

      The question: have there been more recent iconographic studies of this marble chancel screen?
      Thanks in advance.

      Stephen Goranson
      http://www.duke.edu/~goranson
    • Trudy Kawami
      Is there any on-line source for the chancel screen itself? Certainly a Nilotic plant, a cuttle-fish & a sea-shell are not standard items in the Early
      Message 2 of 3 , Apr 6, 2011
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        Is there any on-line source for the chancel screen itself? Certainly a "Nilotic" plant, a cuttle-fish & a sea-shell are not standard items in the Early Byzantine visual repertoire.

        Trudy S. Kawami, PhD
        Director of Research
        Arthur M. Sackler Foundation
        461 East 57th Street
        New York, NY 10022
        212-980-5400 X25
        www.arthurmsacklerfdn.org

        From: ANE-2@yahoogroups.com [mailto:ANE-2@yahoogroups.com] On Behalf Of Stephen Goranson
        Sent: Wednesday, April 06, 2011 8:19 AM
        To: ANE-2@yahoogroups.com
        Subject: [ANE-2] Pella (Jordan) menorah or chalice?



        The recent hype about fake Jordanian antiquities reminds me of an iconographic question.

        First, background. An interesting marble chancel screen was found in Pella, Jordan, presumably from a church, as it has Christian crosses. Synagogues in the area also had chancel screens; some perhaps from the same workshops. The iconography differed, but shared some elements, e.g. a wreath. This church screen had, inside a wreath, a large bird, surrounded by four objects. The four items, originally described by the excavators as a menorah, a lulav, a citron, and a shofar, were later called by R. H. Smith, respectively, a chalice, a Nilotic plant, a cuttle-fish, and a sea shell. Some of the older bibliography is given in my Joseph of Tiberias (1990) pages 3-4.

        http://www.duke.edu/~goranson/Joseph_of_Tiberias.pdf

        The question: have there been more recent iconographic studies of this marble chancel screen?
        Thanks in advance.

        Stephen Goranson
        http://www.duke.edu/~goranson



        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
      • Stephen Goranson
        Photos or drawings are published in the following (some of which may be in JSTOR): Pella of Jordan 1 (1982) v.2 plate 39 New Encyclopedia of Archaeological
        Message 3 of 3 , Apr 7, 2011
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          Photos or drawings are published in the following (some of which may be in JSTOR):

          Pella of Jordan 1 (1982) v.2 plate 39

          New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, Pella, p. 1176

          BASOR 243 (1981) p.4. JSTOR (subscription required):

          http://www.jstor.org/stable/1356657?seq=4&Search=yes&searchText=pella&searchText=%22bulletin+of+the+American+schools+of+oriental+research%22&list=hide&searchUri=%2Faction%2FdoAdvancedSearch%3Fq0%3Dpella%26f0%3Dall%26c1%3DAND%26q1%3D%2522bulletin%2Bof%2Bthe%2BAmerican%2Bschools%2Bof%2Boriental%2Bresearch%2522%26f1%3Dall%26acc%3Don%26wc%3Don%26Search%3DSearch%26sd%3D%26ed%3D%26la%3D%26jo%3D&prevSearch=&item=4&ttl=147&returnArticleService=showFullText&resultsServiceName=null

          National Geographic Research 1 (1985) p. 485 (drawing)

          Archaeology 34 (1981) 52.

          Online, there is (at Amazon and Google Books) the book cover of W.D. Davies, Christian engagements with Judaism (1999), but the quality is poor.

          If someone wishes a pdf scan (in the next few days), request one off-list please.

          Stephen Goranson
          http://www.duke.edu/~goranson

          ________________________________________
          From: ANE-2@yahoogroups.com [ANE-2@yahoogroups.com] On Behalf Of Trudy Kawami [tkawami@...]
          Sent: Wednesday, April 06, 2011 2:10 PM
          To: ANE-2@yahoogroups.com
          Subject: [ANE-2] RE: Pella (Jordan) menorah or chalice?

          Is there any on-line source for the chancel screen itself? Certainly a "Nilotic" plant, a cuttle-fish & a sea-shell are not standard items in the Early Byzantine visual repertoire.

          Trudy S. Kawami, PhD
          Director of Research
          Arthur M. Sackler Foundation
          461 East 57th Street
          New York, NY 10022
          212-980-5400 X25
          www.arthurmsacklerfdn.org

          From: ANE-2@yahoogroups.com<mailto:ANE-2%40yahoogroups.com> [mailto:ANE-2@yahoogroups.com<mailto:ANE-2%40yahoogroups.com>] On Behalf Of Stephen Goranson
          Sent: Wednesday, April 06, 2011 8:19 AM
          To: ANE-2@yahoogroups.com<mailto:ANE-2%40yahoogroups.com>
          Subject: [ANE-2] Pella (Jordan) menorah or chalice?

          The recent hype about fake Jordanian antiquities reminds me of an iconographic question.

          First, background. An interesting marble chancel screen was found in Pella, Jordan, presumably from a church, as it has Christian crosses. Synagogues in the area also had chancel screens; some perhaps from the same workshops. The iconography differed, but shared some elements, e.g. a wreath. This church screen had, inside a wreath, a large bird, surrounded by four objects. The four items, originally described by the excavators as a menorah, a lulav, a citron, and a shofar, were later called by R. H. Smith, respectively, a chalice, a Nilotic plant, a cuttle-fish, and a sea shell. Some of the older bibliography is given in my Joseph of Tiberias (1990) pages 3-4.

          http://www.duke.edu/~goranson/Joseph_of_Tiberias.pdf

          The question: have there been more recent iconographic studies of this marble chancel screen?
          Thanks in advance.

          Stephen Goranson
          http://www.duke.edu/~goranson

          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
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