University of Haifa: Most ancient Hebrew biblical inscription deciphered
- EurekAlert! and other sources have published a University of Haifa press
release concerning the deciphering of the Elah Fortress/Khirbet Qeiyafa
inscription by Prof. Gershon Galil.
The press release, entitled "Most ancient Hebrew biblical inscription
deciphered", has not yet been posted at the university's website.
It may be read at
According to EurekAlert!, the English translation of the deciphered text
1' you shall not do [it], but worship the [Lord].
2' Judge the sla[ve] and the wid[ow] / Judge the orph[an]
3' [and] the stranger. [Pl]ead for the infant / plead for the po[or and]
4' the widow. Rehabilitate [the poor] at the hands of the king.
5' Protect the po[or and] the slave / [supp]ort the stranger.
The release begins: "Prof. Gershon Galil of the University of Haifa who
deciphered the inscription: 'It indicates that the Kingdom of Israel already
existed in the 10th century BCE and that at least some of the biblical texts
were written hundreds of years before the dates presented in current
The release ends with the following: "The contents of the text express
social sensitivity to the fragile position of weaker members of society. The
inscription testifies to the presence of strangers within the Israeli
society as far back as this ancient period, and calls to provide support for
these strangers. It appeals to care for the widows and orphans and that the
king - who at that time had the responsibility of curbing social
inequality - be involved. This inscription is similar in its content to
biblical scriptures (Isaiah 1:17, Psalms 72:3, Exodus 23:3, and others), but
it is clear that it is not copied from any biblical text."
Other sites with the release include:
A brief AFP article on the subject ("Archaeologists claim discovery of
oldest Hebrew writing") may be read at
Joseph I. Lauer
Brooklyn, New York
> 1.1. Reflections on the EES Excavations at AmarnaThere are short film clips of Sir Henry Wellcome's 1911-14 excavations
> Posted by: "Brian" r.brianroberts@... r.brianroberts
> Date: Wed Mar 14, 2012 7:11 am ((PDT))
> I quite accidentally discovered a set of short videos on Youtube comprised of film shot during the 1930-1933 seasons at Amarna, under the Directorship of John Pendlebury. The first thing that occurred to me was how ahead of his time he was to realize the power of the moving image to enthrall the public back home! And secondly, it may be the first multimedia excavation ever (in their case, printed report and film).
> Does anyone on the list know if that's true?
at the famous site Jebel Moya, south-central Sudan, which I am
re-examining. The clips are available on the Wellcome Trust's website.
University College London