RE: [ANE-2] Origins of Judaism
- Dear Robert, et. al.,
I'm not sure that the so-called Passover papyrus was a response to a request
for information about how to celebrate the Passover. According to the
letter, something, some information, or something, was sent from king Darius
to the Satrap Arsames. It is impossible to believe that the Judeans of Yeb
would be asking Darius about how to observe Pesach.
I think what we have here is official permission, authorization, to observe
the holiday and to abstain from work on the first and last days. What is
more interesting is what is not authorized in the letter, the sacrifice of
the Pascal lamb. If one can imagine a situation where one's fellow
degel-members were asking why you won't have a beer with them (the national
drink), this letter would be helpful.
Re: ethnicity. I would say that even tho the Judeans and the Arameans were
in the same degel and spoke the same language, and were all classified as
Arameans by Arameans and Egyptians, I would warrant that the non-Judean
Arameans did not celebrate the Passover or the Feast of Unleavened Bread.
Lisbeth S. Fried, Ph.D.
Department of Near Eastern Studies
and the Frankel Center for Judaic Studies
University of Michigan
202 S. Thayer -- Room 4111
Ann Arbor, MI 48104
From: ANEfirstname.lastname@example.org [mailto:ANEemail@example.com] On Behalf Of
Sent: Tuesday, January 05, 2010 6:31 AM
Subject: [ANE-2] Origins of Judaism
It is not so much that the Settlers at Yeb knew about Passover, but that
they didn't know about the Exodus, or the Oral Laws. If anyone thinks
otherwise they must show evidence. Asking for information on how they could
celebrate the Passover, around 400 BCE, is pretty strong evidence they did
not perform the ceremony previously. David Hall says that `the early
Egyptians were polytheistic.. .', but that is not entirely true. There was a
window of monotheism in the 18th Dynasty, which is well documented and
attested by numerous Egyptologists, and first highlighted by Freud. The
clues are all there.
Robert Feather, London, Institute of Materials.
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