Black Obelisk -- Shalmaneser III
- According to one theory Hazael laid waste to northern Israel.
According to the Assyrian archives Shalmanesser III defeated an alliance including Hadadezer and Ahab. Ahab was listed in the Bible, In the Bible Hadadezer was not listed as a contemporary of Ahab, but as a contemporary of David who was reported to have controlled all the way to the banks of the Euphrates. The battle of Qarqar on the Orontes River occured during the time of Shalmaneser III.
On the Black Obelisk in the British Museum. Jehu King of Israel was found to be paying tribute to Shalmanesser III (c. 841). The "House of David" inscription suggested to some that Jehu would have been in the sphere of Hazael and not under the Assyrian yoke. The Bbile did not even describe the Assyrian influence at this time. The Assyrian archives do not describe any Ben Hadad, but a Hadadezer. The Hebrew archives do not mention any Assyrians this early.
It might be premature to assume that the Aramaens had the upper hand while Jehu was paying tribute to Assyria and after the orchards and towns of the Aramaens had been laid waste by the Assyrians.
David Q. Hall