Re: [ANE-2] Sinai rock drawings and inscriptions
- Some volumes of published rock inscriptions including from Sinai:
Rock inscriptions and graffiti project : catalogue of inscriptions / edited by Michael E. Stone ; editorial assistant, Leslie Avital Kobayashi.
Atlanta : Scholars Press, c1992-c1994.
Stone, Michael E., 1938-
3 v. : maps ; 24 cm.
1555407900 (v. 1 : alk. paper)
1555407919 (v. 1 : pbk. : alk. paper)
1555407927 (v. 2 : alk. paper)
1555407935 (v. 2 : pbk. : alk. paper)
1555409458 (v. 3 : alk. paper)
1555409466 (v. 3 : pbk. : alk. paper)
v. 1. Inscriptions 1-3000 -- v. 2. Inscriptions 3001-6000 -- v. 3. Inscriptions 6001-8500.
Includes bibliographical references (v. 1, p. 13-14) and indexes.
Bible --Antiquities --Catalogs.
Inscriptions --Palestine --Catalogs.
Inscriptions --Egypt --Sinai --Catalogs.
Graffiti --Palestine --Catalogs.
Graffiti --Egypt --Sinai --Catalogs.
Palestine --Antiquities --Catalogs.
Sinai (Egypt) --Antiquities --Catalogs.
David Q. Hall
--- On Thu, 5/7/09, Brian Colless <briancolless@...> wrote:
From: Brian Colless <briancolless@...>
Subject: [ANE-2] Sinai rock drawings and inscriptions
Date: Thursday, May 7, 2009, 8:41 AM
These days, because of my <cryptcracker> blog (though my <operawonk>
blog receives much more attention), people are sending me inscriptions
to 'decipher'. Two of them are from Sinai or its environs.
 One is from a site between Serabit el-Khadim and Timna, and it is
possibly another case of the formula marking the copper-melting
furnace: Dh KBShN ("This is the furnace"), but the photographs I have
been given are not clear enough for confidence; and it is high up and
difficult to reach, whereas the Sinai KBShN MSh ('melt-furnace' )
inscriptions are right near the equipment they announce.
 Another is located somewhere between Serabit and Sharm el-Sheikh,
but I think it is only a rock-drawing, with no inscription:
http://i556. photobucket. com/albums/ ss9/tazzio244/ gio019-1. jpg
This is like the engravings that Beno Rothenberg shows in TIMNAH :
Valley of the Biblical Copper Mines (119-124: Votive rock-drawings in
the Timna copper mines); they have ibex, gazelle, and ostrich figures;
there are also a few interesting inscriptions, West Semitic, Ramesside
My eldest son once sent me ( amongst photocopies of articles on proto-
alphabetic inscriptions, which he was gathering for me in the Sydney
University library) an article on 'Desert Kites'. The mysterious word
'kite' seems to mean 'corra[a]l', for capturing animals.
Anyway, does anyone recognize the site in this picture, or see
anything interesting in it, including any writing?
Massey University, NZ
- Trudy, thank you for your helpful response. I am assuming that you are
talking about the photograph of the rock-face between Serabit and
The other two, from Timna Mine 25, are described as 'engraving 1 and
2' by Rothenberg; the second is incised into the rock with a sharp
point, he says, and many of its lines were filled in with red and
white colour, and he had never known anything like it in his life,
except in Egyptian wall-paintings; it includes Egyptian chariots.
On 8/05/2009, at 3:37 AM, Trudy Kawami wrote:
<The general term for these kinds of images is "petroglyphs." >
This is the first word that came into my head, but I thought it only
applied to a single character, not a complete picture.
well documented throughout Western & Central Asia (& parts of North
America and South Africa) and are associated with nomadic hunters and
pastoralists. Recent work further associates them with various forms of
shamanism, vision quests, and related spiritual activities.>
In southern Africa the artists were under the influence of
hallucinogens (I once heard)?
And the hunters sat there looking at the picture-show expecting that
by magic the things portrayed in the images would take place
successfully when they went outside?
*** What about the 'kites' I mentioned, associated with pictures/
< They appear
to have functioned in a totally different way from inscrptions, that is
writing. The petroglyphs occur only on certain types of limestone and
are produced by "pecking", that is pounding the rock surface to destroy
the patina and expose the lighter-colored stone beneath. There is also a
difference in texture between the rock face and the pecked areas that
can affect the appearance of the petroglyphs in different lighting
conditions. The rock patina takes many thousands of years to produce and
the petroglyphs remain visible for thousands as well.>
I used that word non-technically
<& "engravings" >
Rothenberg's drawing (!) of the picture (his word) of 'engraving 2'
has a legend indicating: carved, carved & red, carved & grey, pecked,
engraved, red colour only.
<have very specific meanings and the terms do not apply here>.
But Beno's careful distinctions have validity?
It is our 50th wedding anniversary here (Friday) but we are having the
> From: ANEemail@example.com [mailto:ANEfirstname.lastname@example.org] On Behalf
> Brian Colless
> Sent: Thursday, May 07, 2009 8:42 AM
> To: ANEemail@example.com
> Subject: [ANE-2] Sinai rock drawings and inscriptions
> These days, because of my <cryptcracker> blog (though my <operawonk>
> blog receives much more attention), people are sending me inscriptions
> to 'decipher'. Two of them are from Sinai or its environs.
>  Another is located somewhere between Serabit and Sharm el-Sheikh,
> but I think it is only a rock-drawing, with no inscription:
> This is like the engravings that Beno Rothenberg shows in TIMNAH :
> Valley of the Biblical Copper Mines (119-124: Votive rock-drawings in
> the Timna copper mines); they have ibex, gazelle, and ostrich figures;
> there are also a few interesting inscriptions, West Semitic, Ramesside
> Anyway, does anyone recognize the site in this picture, or see
> interesting in it, including any writing?
> Brian Colless
> Massey University, NZ
> [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]