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Re: Qumran ink, dam...

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  • dastacey62
    It would really help if people would read the basic literature before pontificating. Read my articles, read David Amit on the aqudeucts of Qumran, read Netzer
    Message 1 of 4 , Mar 5 12:36 AM
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      It would really help if people would read the basic literature before pontificating. Read my articles, read David Amit on the aqudeucts of Qumran, read Netzer on those of Jericho. Oh and please, do me a favour, and don't correct me about the dating of the aqueducts of Jericho which I just happen to have excavated.

      David Stacey

      --- In ANE-2@yahoogroups.com, David Hall <dqhall59@...> wrote:
      >
      >
      > In the Bible Encyclopedia I picked another article about parchment and found other sources insisting dog dung was used.� Difficult to prove it though:
      > �
      > http://www.studylight.org/enc/isb/view.cgi?number=T8601
      > �
      > I recall some people had learned to use a solution of woodash and water to soak an animal�skin to remove the hair from it.� The kiln dried lime might have produced a similar result as it is also alkali containing calcium instead of potassium from wood ash (potash).�
      > �
      > As one�would want to locate a pottery kiln downwind of houses as the smoke got in one's eyes, one might have done the same with a tannery/parchment prep business.� The parchment may also have been purchased in Jericho or Jerusalem�if the men of Qumran would rather have not made it themselves.� There was an article in BAR about pottery kilns years ago�by one describing the traditional location of�Haceldama, the potters field, to the south of Jerusalem as the winds were usually from another direction and a potter would have set up shop so as not to offend people with the smoke. A rural Palestinian village I visited had a huge primative dome shaped bread oven placed on vacant land in the village, not to bother locating it far from town.� A tannery might have been located outside the thickly settled residential compound, but probably not far out of town.
      > �
      > The livestock pen at Qumran is another matter.� It was known that some owned flocks, but hired people to take the animals to�green pasture and return certain times of the year for an accounting and to be paid.��In the late winter/spring there was�milk, butter, and�cheese to be collected in herding communities.� By one report butter was boiled to form ghee and stored in animal skin bottles for lenghts of time without spoiling.� The�ghee made from camel butter�was valuable and traded in markets of Northern Arabia during the 19th century (Charles Doughty).��By the�Dead Sea there was not much grass most of the time.��The way up towards Jerusalem was greener and the bottoms of ravines stayed green longer than hillsides above.������
      > �
      > As for the dam at Qumran.� There is preserved a stone lined channel from the rocky slope near the�usually dry waterfall�to the settlement that may have been used to fill the numerous pools and cistern on the property, unless they carried the water by bucket.� It is up to the historian to connect the ravine above the usually dry water fall, or the rocky slope runoff to the deep pools of Qumran or assume there was another way to get seasonal rainwater from the ravine to the settlement below.� The Herodian aqueduct was from Ain Qelt or Ain Farah,�have not read my�sources recently,�down to Jericho kilometers away.� It was not deemed impossible for there to be such a long aqueduct in those days�as remains of it were found in the Wadi Qelt.� At Qumran one might have to look at more than one possible way the water collection system was engineered.��Was there an aqueduct up to one of the pools in the ravine?� They must have been able to find a way
      > in the wilderness complete with water�supply engineering or carried�water by camel/donkey from Ain Fashkha by the shore of the Dead Sea�to fill their pools.� �
      > �
      > David Q. Hall�
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