6483RE: [ANE-2] Query: the name of King Rim-Sin of Larsa
- Nov 4, 2007On Sun, 4 Nov 2007, victor wrote:
> What has to be done now is compare the name with both etymologicalActually, there are three etymological possibilities, not two:
> possibilities with other names of the period and decide which is more
1. ri:mu "wild bull, aurochs"; root apparently R'M; apparently a primary
2. rêmu "to be merciful, compassionate"; root RH.M (this is cognate with
Arabic and Hebrew).
3. ria:mu "to present"; root presumaby RYM.
> If I remember correctly, Von Soden derives the Biblical name Miriam forYou could also throw in Qi$ti-Sin, Iqi$-Sin and Sin-iqi$am.
> the rm meaning gift, but that shouldnt prejudice our interpretation of
> Rim-Sin, although equations with Sin-iddinam and Iddin-Sin might tip the
> balances in favour of Gift of Sin.
> On the other hand we have Amar-Sin or Bur-Sin which would point towardsThe association of ri:mu with Sin comes through the horns of the bull and
> the other etymology, calf of Sin.
the horns of the crescent moon. The Hebrew cognate of ri:mu, re'em, is
the word that is translated "unicorn" in Deut 33:17, probably based on the
Septuagint translation of monokero:tos, but because we now know that the
verse isn't talking about unicorns it should be understood as "your horns
are like the horns of the wild bull".
For 2, the most common form in names is Re:manni-DN "Have mercy on me, O,
DN", although a shorter form Re:m-DN "Be merciful, O, DN" is not excluded.
For 3, again the most common form is the feminine: Ri:mut-DN "Gift of DN",
but again the masculine ri:m is not impossible.
> Could the name be a double entendre?Or a triple entendre? Actually it's more like a three-card monte; you
pays your money and you takes your choice.
Personally, I have always favored 1 because of a factor not mentioned,
namely, whether the attribute fits the deity of the theophoric element
well. For 2 I would expect Re:manni-Sin rather than Re:m-Sin and for 3 I
would expect Ri:mut-Sin rather than Ri:m-Sin. Your mileage may vary.
> From: ANEemail@example.com [mailto:ANEfirstname.lastname@example.org] On Behalf Of
> Giuseppe Del Monte
> Sent: Sunday, November 04, 2007 1:49 PM
> To: ANEemail@example.com; ANEfirstname.lastname@example.org; ANEemail@example.com
> Subject: Re: [ANE-2] Query: the name of King Rim-Sin of Larsa
> At 01.49 04/11/2007, you wrote:
> ><snip>So far, I could trace two old (early 20th-century) hypotheses on the
> >meaning of this name:
> >1) Rim-Sin = 'the moon-god Sin's wild bull' (from Akk.
> >ri:mu 'aurochs, wild bull')
> >2) Rim-Sin = 'Have Mercy, O Moon-god!' (from?)
> >Could anyone here throw more light on the etymology of this name?
> >Thanks in advance, and best regards.
> >Francesco Brighenti
> >Venice, Italy
> Well, here are two contrasting etymologies from the late 20th century:
> 1) CAD R (1999) p. 361b from ri:mu A "wild bull"
> 2) W. von Soden, AHw p. 986b (Lief. 11, 1972)
> from ri:mu(m) II "Geschenk (v Gott)" (from ria:mu "to present")
> Ah, the glamour of the science of Etymology! Of
> course, both (and others) are true.
> Giuseppe Del Monte
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