2676Berossus and Genesis items of interest
- Oct 5, 2006List -
Now that Berossus and Genesis, Manetho and Exodus: Hellenistic Histories
and the Date of the Pentateuch (New York-London: T & T Hastings, 2006) is
readily available at libraries and the internet, I would like to highlight a few
side topics discussed that may be of particular interest to ANE-2 participants.
* The Elephantine Papyri are discussed at pp. 28-33 in conjunction with
archaeological/inscriptional evidence weighing against the Documentary Hypothesis.
* Cuneiform sources translated / paraphrased in Berossus are discussed in
pp. 98-139 passim. The likely use of the Poem of Erra (based on indirect
evidence from Pseudo-Eupolemus) may interest some.
* Arguments for dating the Poem of Erra to c. 670 BCE are briefly discussed
at p. 133 and note 312.
* Manetho's stories (as found in Josephus) regarding the expulsion of
foreigners into Syria are subjected to source criticism and found to rely wholly on
native Egyptian traditions and Hecataeus of Abdera's Aegyptiaca. Of
particular interest is the demonstration at pp. 194-213 that the story of Osarseph
and the polluted Egyptians polemicized against the Ramesside revival of the
cult of Seth-Typhon at Avaris (not against the Jewish Exodus story as commonly
* The two stage construction of the Nile-to-Red-Sea canal under Ptolemy II
Philadelphus in 280/279 BCE (from Pithom to the sea) and 274-269 BCE (from the
Nile to Pithom) will be of interest to students of the Pithom Stele and/or
the First Syrian War (pp 236-237).
* Appendix E (pp. 271-276) argues that the Nora Inscription, an important
early Phoenician text from the west Mediterranean island of Nora, was written in
c. 833 BCE after the fall of Tarsus ("Tarshish") to Shalmaneser III.
* Appendix F (pp. 277-296) discusses the history of anti-Semitic slanders
equating Yahweh with the Egyptian anti-god Seth-Typhon. One notable conclusion
is that the persecution of the Jews by Antiochus IV in 167 BCE was a
transplant of traditional anti-Typhonian slanders and repressive measures from Egypt
in the wake of Antiochus IV's brief enthronement as Pharaoh and the posting
of former Ptolemaic governors and troops in Judea.
[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
- Next post in topic >>