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12722RE: [ANE-2] deportation and repatriation

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  • Lisbeth S. Fried
    Aug 16, 2010
      Well, forget the last line of that paragraph then.

      I do think that an exile and return can be found in the archaeology of Judah
      and Jerusalem (Faust has a book on the 6th century, forthcoming, which he
      has permitted me to read), but I was responding to your query about other

      Liz Fried


      From: ANE-2@yahoogroups.com [mailto:ANE-2@yahoogroups.com] On Behalf Of
      Niels Peter Lemche
      Sent: Monday, August 16, 2010 1:31 PM
      To: ANE-2@yahoogroups.com
      Subject: SV: [ANE-2] deportation and repatriation

      and you find evidence of such a return in the archaeological material from
      the Jerusalem area?

      Sorry, I have absolutely no confidence in Ezra/Nehemiah as a historical

      Niels Peter Lemche

      -----Oprindelig meddelelse-----
      Fra: ANE-2@yahoogroups.com <mailto:ANE-2%40yahoogroups.com>
      [mailto:ANE-2@yahoogroups.com <mailto:ANE-2%40yahoogroups.com> ] På vegne af
      Lisbeth S. Fried
      Sendt: den 16 augusti 2010 18:59
      Til: ANE-2@yahoogroups.com <mailto:ANE-2%40yahoogroups.com>
      Emne: RE: [ANE-2] deportation and repatriation

      Dear Niels-Peter,

      This is from my commentary on Ezra-Nehemiah (forthcoming).

      The Jews were not the only community to return from Babylon to
      their ancestral homeland under the Achaemenids. The 1926-27 excavations at
      Neirab, Syria, unearthed an archive of clay tablets dating from the reign of
      Nebuchadnezzar to the early years of Darius I (i.e., from 560 to 520 BCE)
      which recorded loans of barley and silver. The documents all refer to a
      people named the Neirabians, i.e., the people who lived in the city where
      the archive was found. Yet the places where the transactions occurred were
      in the vicinity of Nippur in Babylon. This was evidently the archive of a
      community of Syrians which had been exiled to Nippur under Nebuchadnezzar
      and which had been released to their own city in the beginning of Darius'
      reign (Eph'al 1978). As with the Jews, they had maintained a community
      identity in exile in Babylon for four decades, returning to their own city
      as soon as they were able.

      Lisbeth S. Fried, Ph.D.

      Department of Near Eastern Studies

      and the Frankel Center for Judaic Studies

      University of Michigan

      202 S. Thayer -- Room 4111

      Ann Arbor, MI 48104

      www.lizfried.com <http://www.lizfried.com/>


      From: ANE-2@yahoogroups.com <mailto:ANE-2%40yahoogroups.com>
      [mailto:ANE-2@yahoogroups.com <mailto:ANE-2%40yahoogroups.com> ] On Behalf
      Niels Peter Lemche
      Sent: Monday, August 16, 2010 8:36 AM
      To: ANE-2@yahoogroups.com <mailto:ANE-2%40yahoogroups.com>
      Subject: [ANE-2] deportation and repatriation

      Because of a discussion -- a seminar -- on the Biblical Studies list:

      Do we have other examples from the ANE of repatriation of deported people,
      apart from the one in the Old Testament? (this is not a discussion about the
      historicity of that event--if that had been the case, I would not have
      brought it up here).

      I know of repatriation of abducted gods from Babylonian tradition, but of
      human beings?

      Niels Peter Lemche

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