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Stewart Castle Plantation, Jamaica sites now available through DAACS

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  • jillian_galle
    I am pleased to announce that archaeological data for Stewart Castle, located in Trelawney Parish, Jamaica, are now available on the DAACS website. Background
    Message 1 of 1 , Oct 1, 2007
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      I am pleased to announce that archaeological data for Stewart
      Castle, located in Trelawney Parish, Jamaica, are now available on
      the DAACS website. Background information, site maps, Harris
      matrices, artifact and excavation images and data on over 11,000
      artifacts from the Stewart Castle slave village and main house are
      now accessible at www.daacs.org. DAACS now contains standardized,
      downloadable data for 32 slave quarter sites from around the
      Atlantic Region. They include 19 Virginia sites, two Maryland
      sites, nine Jamaica sites, and two sites on Nevis.

      In May, the DAACS Caribbean Initiative (DCI) initiated excavations
      at the Stewart Castle, a late-eighteenth-century sugar plantation on
      the north coast of Jamaica. Located just east of Falmouth Jamaica,
      in Trelawney Parish, Stewart Castle was patented in 1754. By 1799,
      the sugar plantation had grown to well over 1200 acres, with
      approximately 500 acres planted in sugar cane. During the second
      decade of the 19th century, an average of 332 enslaved Africans
      lived and worked on the property. A 1799 plat by the surveyors
      Munro, Stevenson, and Innes captures the scope of the 1200 acre
      sugar plantation in detail, showing the location of the slave
      village, the fortified main house, sugar works, and slave provision
      The goal of the 2007 DCI excavation was to assess the temporal and
      spatial occupations at the slave village and main house. With the
      help of students from the University of the West Indies and the
      University of Virginia, 176 shovel-test-pits (STPs) were excavated
      across a 7000 square meter area at the village. Thirty-six STPs were
      excavated at the main house. Three 1-x-1 meter units were also
      excavated at the village, one placed near an early nogged house, one
      on the interior of a cut limestone foundation, and the third on an
      earthen terrace. Over 11,000 artifacts were recovered from these
      pits and quadrats. Both the village and main house have mean
      ceramic dates of 1800. Architectural and landscape features in the
      village, such as stone walls, foundations and limestone nog piles,
      and landscape terraces, were selectively mapped with a total

      This research was conducted as part of a Digital Archaeological
      Archive of Comparative Slavery (DAACS)/University of Virginia
      archaeological field school. All artifacts, context records, site
      maps, and photographs from these excavations are available through
      the DAACS website (http://www.daacs.org). Prior to 2007, no
      archaeological work relating to the historic period occupations at
      Stewart Castle had been conducted.

      Link to Stewart Castle Village:
      Link to Stewart Castle Main House:

      In 2008, The Digital Archaeological Archive of Comparative Slavery-
      UVA Field School in Historical Archaeology, The Archaeology of Sugar
      and Slavery in Colonial Jamaica (UVA ANTH 382), will be held at the
      Papine and Mona villages, located on the University of the West
      Indies, Mona campus.

      For more information on the 2008 UVA field school, please contact
      Jillian Galle at jgalle@... or 434-984-9873.

      Jillian Galle
      Project Manager,
      Digital Archaeological Archive of Comparative Slavery
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