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additional files to http://www.onelist.com/community/AAT
further files at .../AAT3
AAT = Plio-Pleistocene littoral Homo + Mio-Pliocene aquarboreal apes
-econiche Homo
-Rhys Evans Vaneechoutte
-common misinterpretations Verhaegen
Some time after Homo-Pan split 7-4 Ma, our seaside ancestors were omnivores who collected fruits, coconuts, bird eggs, turtles, shell-, crayfish, algae... this explains many typically Homo traits (not in apes & apiths) better than savanna scenarios: large brain, diving skills, breathing control, vocality, small mouth, MYH16 inactivation, hyoid descent, external nose, long airway, poor olfaction, tool use & dexterity, late puberty, long legs, body alignment, reduced climbing, SC fat, fur loss, high needs of water, Na, I, PUFAs...
This waterside episode is archaic Homo's Plio-Pleistocene diaspora along the Indian Ocean & African coasts (1.8-Ma Homo remains in Algeria, Iran, Kenya, Georgia, Java...always near lakes or seas, R.Dennell 2003 JHE 45:421): in spite of sea level changes (Ice Ages), Homo much more than apith remains have been found amid shells, corals & barnacles throughout the Pleistocene, in coasts all over the Old World (Mojokerto, Boxgrove, Table Bay, Eritrea...) even on islands that had to be reached by sea (Flores http://allserv.rug.ac.be/~mvaneech/outthere.htm).
Since most primates are tree-dwellers, this would imply that there once existed a semi-aquatic + arboreal = aqu-arboreal phase. Fossil & comparative data confirm that Miocene hominoids could have been aquarboreal in peri-Tethys coastal & swamp forests: Gripho-Dryo-Oreopith-Sahelanthr...
-M.Vaneechoutte...2011 Was Man more aquatic in the past? eBook
-Alister Hardy 1960 Was Man more aquatic in the past? NS 7:624
-Elaine Morgan 1982 The aquatic ape. Souvenir
-Maggie Roede...1991 The aquatic ape: fact or fiction? Souvenir
-M.Verhaegen...2002 Aquarboreal ancestors? TREE 17:212

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  • 54
  • Biology
  • May 29, 2005
  • English

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