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Human+ape evolution based on convergences with other animals in behavior-anatomy-embryology-physiology-nutrition-DNA:
Littoral diaspora after Homo-Pan split ~5 Ma
(Wikipedia "Aquatic Ape" is outdated & biased)

Human features are frequent in shallow-water mammals, vs chimps & savanna-mammals:
-huge brain
-slow-diving skills, breath-control
-small mouth, tongue bone descent
-weak biting muscles, MYH16 loss
-projecting nose
-poor sense of smell
-head-spine-legs 1 line
-feet flat, toes short
-fur loss
-SC fat
-squalene-rich sebum
-newborn: vernix caseosa, renculi
-salt sweat+tears
-less climbing
-water-sodium-iodine-PUFAs-DHA needs
Beachcombing-wading-diving diets explain Homo vs australopith-ape traits better than forest or plain-dwelling:
-ungulates in shallow water
-stranded whales
Pleistocene diaspora along shores-lakes-rivers. Flores 18 km oversea ~1 Ma.
Homo tools-fossils 2.5-0.1 Ma lay amid edible shellfish near Eurasian-African lakes-coasts, although sealevel changes hinder fossilisation:
-Dungo V Baia Farta
-Terra Amata

-unproven assumptions Verhaegen
-Rhys Evans Vaneechoutte
-econiche Homo (Littoral Theory of archaic Homo
-aquarboreal (Mio-Pliocene apes-australopiths,aqua=water,arbor=tree
-Meijers baby aquatic reflex

M.Westenhöfer 1942 Der Eigenweg des Menschen, Mannstaede
A.Hardy 1960 Was Man more aquatic in the past? NS 7:624
M.Roede..1991 The Aquatic Ape: Fact or Fiction? Souvenir
E.Morgan 1997 The Aquatic Ape Hypothesis, id.
M.Verhaegen..2002 Aquarboreal ancestors? TREE 17:212
S.Cunnane 2005 Survival of the Fattest, World Scient.
M.Vaneechoutte..2011 Was Man more aquatic in the past? Bentham eBook
P.Tobias users.ugent.be/~mvaneech/outthere
Symposium 1999 Water & Human Evolution users.ugent.be/~mvaneech/Symposium

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