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  • turtle consumption at Uraha ~2.4 Ma?

    Human consumption of turtles of the Homo rudolfensis site Uraha (Malawi, East Africa) Hans-Volker Karl 2014 Archaeofauna 21:253-264 Projects Human Turtle

    aquape 3 hours ago
  • river-margin habitat of Ardip.ramidus

    River-margin habitat of Ardipithecus ramidus at Aramis, Ethiopia 4.4 million years ago M Royhan Gani & Nahid D Gani 2011 Nature Communications 2:602 doi

    aquape 4 hours ago
  • diving response


    aquape 2 days ago
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Group Description

Ape+human evolution based on convergences with other animals in behavior, anatomy, embryo-, physiology, nutrition, DNA etc.
Littoral diaspora after Homo-Pan split ~5 Ma
(Wiki "Aquatic Ape" is outdated+biased)

Homo features frequent in littoral mammals (vs chimps, australopiths, savanna-mammals etc.):
-huge brain
-slow-diving skills, breath-control
-small mouth, tongue-bone descent
-weak biting-muscles, MYH16 loss
-small gut
-projecting nostrils
-poor sense of smell
-handy, tool-use
-head-spine-legs 1 line
-feet flat, toes short
-fur loss
-SC fat
-squalene-rich sebum
-fetus: vernix caseosa, renculi
-salt sweat, tears
-less climbing
-H2O, Na+, I-, PUFA, DHA, taurine etc.needs

Diet of Homo: beach-combing, wading, diving
(vs apes or australopiths in forests or plains)
-ungulates in reeds etc.
-stranded whales

Pleistocene diaspora along shores, lagoons, rivers.
Crete, Flores (>18 km oversea ~1 Ma).
Homo tools+fossils 2.5-0.1 Ma amid edible shellfish in Eurasian+African lakes & coasts (waves hinder fossilisation!):
-Dungo V Baia Farta
-Terra Amata
-Pakefield, Boxgrove

-researchGate marc verhaegen
-Rhys Evans Vaneechoutte
-econiche Homo (Littoral Theory of archaic Homo
-aquarboreal (Mio-Pliocene apes-australopiths,aqua=water,arbor=tree
-Meijers baby aquatic reflex

M.Westenhöfer 1942 Eigenweg des Menschen, Mannstaede
A.Hardy 1960 Was Man more aquatic in the past? NS 7:624
M.Roede cs 1991 Aquatic Ape: Fact or Fiction? Souvenir
E.Morgan 1997 The Aquatic Ape Hypothesis, id.
M.Verhaegen cs 2002 Aquarboreal ancestors? TREE 17:212
S.Cunnane 2005 Survival of the Fattest, World Scient.
M.Vaneechoutte cs 2011 Was Man more aquatic in the past? Bentham eBook
P.Tobias users.ugent.be/~mvaneech/outthere
Symposium 1999 Water & Human Evolution users.ugent.be/~mvaneech/Symposium

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