HPG from western Tethys coastal forests?
- Dryopithecins, Darwin, de Bonis, and the European origin of the African
apes and human clade
RD Begun 2009 Geodiversitas 31:789-816
Darwin famously opined that the most likely place of origin of the African
ape & human LCA is Africa, given the distribution of its living
But it is infrequently recalled that immediately afterwards, Darwin, in
his typically thorough & cautious style, noted that a fossil ape from
Europe, Dryopithecus, may instead represent the ancestors of African apes,
which dispersed into Africa from Europe.
Louis de Bonis cs were the first researchers in the modern era to echo
Darwin's suggestion about
apes from Europe.
Resulting from their spectacular discoveries in Greece over several
decades, de Bonis cs have shown convincingly that African ape & human
clade members (hominines) lived in Europe at least 9.5 Ma.
Here I review the fossil record of hominoids in Europe as it relates to
While I differ in some details with Louis, we are in complete agreement on
the importance of Europe in determining the fate of the African ape &
Th ere is no doubt that Louis de Bonis is a pioneer in advancing our
understanding of this fascinating time in our evolutionary history.