support for an "aquatic ape hypothesis"
- Human consumption of turtles of the Homo rudolfensis site Uraha (Malawi,
HANS-VOLKER KARL 2012 Archaeofauna 21:267-279
A survey is given of the hitherto known turtle taxa from the
Plio-Pleistocene of the Chiwondo Beds in Malawi.
The paper includes new materials from these beds of Uraha (Karonga
District, N-Malawi), collected by the Hominid Corridor Research Project
The following spp are discovered:
- Pelomedusa subrufa,
- Pelusios sinuatus,
- Cyclanorbis senegalensis &
- Cycloderma frenatum
all from the deposits which yielded Homo rudolfensis.
In the collection of fossils from this site also include 2 fragments of
clavicular plates of great catfishes (Siluroidea: Clariidae) which
remarkably resemble each other in the fragmented form, although they
belong to evidently different individuals.
The flat-shaped bones originate from the thickened joint area of the
pectoral fin sting & the adjoining flat pectoral area.
This combines with damages of an otherwise complete turtle shell by early
This evidence of consumption of aquatic animals could support an "aquatic
ape hypothesis" in the sense of Morgan (1997), Verhaegen (2000) & Niemitz
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