6 July 1999
Some one, more than one, or all you may be interested in this:
"The Ten Arts of Democracy
1. ACTIVE LISTENING. Carry no hidden or fixed agenda. Ask probing
questions. Take in more than just the words being said; see the world
from another's perspective."
2. CREATIVE CONFLICT. Give constructive, honest feedback."
3. NEGOTIATING INTERESTS. Focus on interests, not the means to achieve
them. Work to narrow differences, searching for common ground or a
solution that meets some intersts of each party."
4. MEDIATION. Have a neutral, nonjudgmental party facilitate among
disputants, listening to bring differences to the surface and asking
questions to discover common interests."
5. POLITICAL IMAGINATION. Reimagine the current reality to more nearly
match the values and needs of participants."
6. PUBLIC DIALOGUE. Facilitate public conversation onmatters that affect
7. PUBLIC JUDGMENT. Derive solutions interactively using discriminating
8. EVALUATION AND REFLECTION. Make both publlic and private assessments
of the lessons learned."
9. CELEBRATION AND APPRECIATION. Acknowledge the satisfaction and joy
that comes with learning, as well as the achievements made."
10. MENTORING. Demonstrate the arts of democracy to others, breaking
learning down into doable steps."
The above were at the bottom of page 26 in the summer 1999 issue of Orion
Afield. I do not have a more complete bibliographic reference since my
page is a photocopy. Perhaps some of you have heard of the referenced
In any case I think they are thought provoking concepts worthy of being
To Paul, Thanks for the story of your recent desert adventure. Always
grateful for a safe return.
To Christine, Thanks for the keeping us up-to-date in Malawi. Sometimes
it is hard to decide whether to laugh or cry.
To everyone else, Keep up the good work.