Very interesting article. But if all the scribal habits before the 4th c. show that scribes
frequently transposed, omitted rather than added, how to know if the more reliable MSS
that come later, i.e. 01 B L 33, do not have the same characteristics? Most variations are
transpositions, syntax alteration, omission/addition. We cannot know the Byzantines
added without the shorter Alexandrians, but if the Alexandrians before the 4th c. were
omitting text, what is the gauge for telling the difference?
> Peter M. HEAD,
> "The Habits of New Testament Copyists. Singular Readings in the Early
> Fragmentary Papyri of John"
> Biblica 85(2004) 399-408
> Available online at: