Jim Snapp wrote:
<< As I was proof-reading the Greek Uncial Archetype of Mark, I
a variant in 15:17 that does not appear in N-A.
Byz.: KAI ENDUOUSIN
Alex.: KAI ENDIDUSKOUSIN >>
These are both 3rd person present indicative active for "put on."
Blass in BDF Sec. 73 says ENDIDUSKEIN appears to be the Doric dialect
Most of the Greek literature we are familiar with is Attic, based in
Athens. The Doric was based in Sparta, and underlies modern Greek to
But the dozens of dialects obviously influenced each other and mingled
unpredictably, so who knows? Homer's Greek for example was a mixture
of several dialects, and he was the greatest Greek poet. If he had no
compunction about mixing dialects, why should anyone else?
Lyric poetry was Aeolic.
Choral poetry was Doric.
Most of the famous epic poetry was Attic.
The Septuagint, and the Egyptian papyri, were more Tsakonian, which was
close to Doric.
Doric Greek was called "Western" Greek, but not in the same meaning as
"Western" in textual criticism. Sparta was not that far from Athens.
I would say that this Doricism would most likely be from the influence
of Septuagint Greek, influence on Peter. Additionally, the Old Latin
manuscripts in the Old Testament, were translated from the Septuagint,
according to Jerome. Septuagint Greek had far more influence on all
Jews and Christians then, than many people realize (many refuse to
realize, against all evidence).
By the second century there was a rebellion against the diffusion of
dialects, and "snobs" tried to make everything strictly and
In the 4th century, the Christian religion made the Attic dialect the
"proper" one, and I would expect some standardization of the Greek NT
text to Attic.
In BDF Sec. 155(5) Blass says the Mark 15:17 grammar is constructed in
a normal classical way.
David Robert Palmer