Richard Anderson wrote:
>You have not addressed the passage in Luke 2:1-7 which I mentioned earlier.
>In these days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that a registration
should be taken of all the world.
The various items you presented, though interesting and widely known for a
long time, have no relationship to your own question!
I recommend: Richard Carrier : The Date of the Nativity in Luke
Especially if you like epigraphy! I do not agree with almost every point
Carrier makes but I respect him as a scholar and he cites all pertinent
sources and covers all salient issues. So, I recommend his paper.
It is self-evident that Lc 2,2 PROTOS means "before" since it is followed
by a noun in the genitive (the genitive of comparison). The entire clause
is in the genitive: HGEMONEUONTOS THS SURIAS KURHNIOU. Unfortunately, the
word HGEMONEUONTOS is always taken not for a noun, but is mistaken as a
verb in the present participle in the genitive case. HGEMONEUMA is the
feminine noun and HGEMONEUS is the masculine, and HGEMONEUONTOS is the
genitive of the noun, not the verb. So, Luke tells us Jesus was born during
a census taken before that of the governorship of Quirinius in Syria. He is
referring to the second census of Octavian in 20-19 BC. That was when
Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was governor of Syria (23-12 BC). Although he was
governor he never lived there. He ruled the East through legates. When the
second census was taken M. V. Agrippa was off in France gighting the
Cantabrians and built the famous Pont du Garde at Nîmes. Does Luke refer to
Quirinius as a legate of M. V. Agrippa in Syria during this census? No. He
merely says that it w:"this one, not that one".sayingas prior to AD 6
pointing to the twenty-six year older one. This was a technique historians
used, which in essence was saying: "this one, not that one".
In Carrier's fine paper cited above he too takes HGEMONEUONTOS as a verb:
present participle in the genitive case. Too bad Richard (Carrier, I mean)!
Peace in Christ,
John N. Lupia
501 North Avenue B-1
Elizabeth, New Jersey 07208-1731 USA
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