>From: "Mark Goodacre" <M.S.Goodacre@...>
>I'm afraid there is not yet a
>complete published Synopsis that has the kind of colouring that makes
>Stephen Carlson's useful. I understand, though, that adherents of the
>Griesbach ("Two Gospel" hypothesis) are currently producing a complete
>Synopsis in colour and you can see samples at:
Kyle et al.,
Here are some details about one of the synopses Mark has mentioned above.
A new electronic color-coded synopsis of *Mark* on CD-ROM will be available
for preview at the Trinity Press International booth during the annual
meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature in Nashville in November 2000.
This synopsis includes the complete text of the gospel of Mark and
parallels. In order to display all of the relevant evidence we have often
utilized more than the usual two or three columns. For instance, the
synopsis for Mark 4:21-25 includes nine columns. The one for Mark l:2-3
We have utilized boxes to indicate material that has either been transposed
within a pericope or moved to another literary context altogether. Another
type of line coding highlights the direction of dominant or exclusive
dependence between Mark and either Matthew or Luke. Sometimes, of course,
the dependence is equally distributed among all three of the synoptics and
the line coding can indicate this, too.
Every verbatim agreement among all three synoptics is color coded in blue
with solid underlining. Every partial agreement (same word, different
grammatical form) among all three is also color coded in blue with dashed
underlining. If there is verbatim agreement between two and partial
agreement between another two of the synoptics within the triple tradition,
all are color coded in blue, but the two in full agreement are underlined
and the third in partial agreement has dashed underlining.
Agreements between Matthew and Mark apart from a Lukan parallel are
similarly underlined, but color coded in cyan (magenta in the old samples
still available on-line). Those between Mark and Luke are in green. Those
between Matthew and Luke are in red. We have utilized black underlining to
note parallels with other texts, such as passages from the LXX or the
letters of Paul. We have also used full underlining or dashed underlining in
black to highlight verbal identities or similarities between two or more
contexts within a single gospel.
Following the work of David L. Dungan on synopses and synopsis making,
published in *Biblica,* we have been convinced by the evidence that no
synopsis can be multi-purpose. That is, no synopsis can be constructed that
is equally valuable for text criticism, source criticism, redaction
criticism, tradition history, etc. We also know from David's work and
personal experience that the construction of a synopsis that is "neutral,"
even with regard to the single issue of source criticism, is impossible, the
continuing protestations of some other synopsis makers notwithstanding.
This synopsis is, therefore, specifically constructed to best present the
literary evidence in support of the neo-Griesbach or Two Gospel Hypothesis
and, for the moment, only one aspect of that hypothesis, i. e. Mark's use of
Matthew and Luke. We expect to bundle the CD containing this Markan synopsis
with the following, forthcoming volume:
David Barrett Peabody with Lamar Cope and Allan J. McNicol, eds., *Beyond
the Impasse of Markan Priority. Mark's Use of Matthew and Luke. A
Demonstration by the Research Team of the International Institute for
Renewal of Gospel Studies* (Harrisburg, PA: Trinity Press International,
November 2001) approx. xl + 300pp. In addition to the three editors,
co-authors include David L. Dungan, William R. Farmer, Thomas R. W.
Longstaff and Philip L. Shuler.
At a later date, the co-authors of this Markan synopsis, Peabody and
Longstaff, plan to expand it with another section that will best illustrate
Luke's use of Matthew. This section of the synopsis will, therefore not only
include all of the parallels to Mark in Mt and Lk, but also all of the
parallels between Matthew and Luke that are not shared by Mark as well as
all of the material in either Mt or Lk that has no parallel in either of the
other two synoptic gospels. Peabody, who developed the synoptic arrangements
for the "Markan" synopsis and Longstaff who developed its electronic
formatting and interfacing will again collaborate on a "complete"
neo-Griesbach (Two Gospel) color-coded electronic synopsis. At the moment we
expect to publish such a complete synopsis, again on CD-ROM but separately,
in the next two or three years.
All of us who have worked on this forthcoming book on Mark's Use of Mt and
Lk and especially Tom and I who have produced the accompanying Markan
synopsis cordially invite all interested members/readers of Synoptic-L,
along with any and all other interested scholars, to join us at the TPI
booth during the annual meeting of the SBL in Nashville this year to preview
and "test drive" this new synopsis on CD-ROM.
David Barrett Peabody