With apologies for cross posting.
Here's my first draft of the revision to the Web Links page for Chapter
7, "Gospels: Form and Purpose," in Harris's Into.
Comments, corrections, and suggestions are most welcome.
Chapter 7. The Gospels: Form and Purpose
Gospel and Gospels
An older but still useful and detailed analysis by Francis E. Gigot of
meaning of the term "Gospel" and how it came to be identified with a
literary form, with a discussion of the differences between the
canonical and the apocryphal Gospels. From the online version of the
Brief discussion by David H. Bauslin, reflecting a conservative
Protestant view, of the meaning of the term which came to designate a
genre of early Christian writing. From the The International Standard
Bible Encyclopaedia edited by James Orr (Eerdmans, 1918), available
online at the Blue Letter Bible Web site.
Gospels, the Synoptic
The 1918 International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia's article by James
Iverach that focuses on the relations and general features of the first
3 Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke). With a discussion of the question of
the Gospel's historicity. From the Blue Letter Bible Web site.
Robert M. Grant's discussion of the literary character of the canonical
Gospels. Chapter 7 of his A Historical Introduction to the New
Testament (Collins, 1963), available online at the Katapi Bible
Resource Pages Web Site.
Meaning of the term gospel
The discussion of the meaning of the term Gospel from the online
Encyclopedia Britanica's article on Biblical Literature.
The Literary Genre of the Gospels
A brief but incisive answer to the question of the type of literature
the Gospels are that is set against a comparison of their distinctive
features with those of the Greco Roman bioi". From the article
entitled "The Introduction to the Gospels" in New Oxford Annotated
Bible with the Apocrypha: New Revised Standard Version. Ed. Michael D.
Midrash and the Gospels
An analysis by Philip S. Alexander (Professor of Professor of
Post-Biblical Jewish Literature in the Department of Near Eastern
Studies , The University of Manchester , England) of the meaning of the
term, and the characteristics of literary category, Midrash undertaken
to determine how much, if at all, the Gospels are Midrashic in nature.
What Are the Gospels?
A response from I. Michael White, Paula Fredriksen, Harold Attridge and
other contemporary New Testament scholars to the question of the type of
literary works the Gospels are. From the PBS Series From Jesus to
Christ Web Site.
What Are the Gospels?
A Discussion of the Gospel Genre by Ben Witherington III, professor of
New Testament Interpretation at Asbury Seminary in Kentucky published on
the Beliefnet Web Site.
The article from the Catholic Encyclopedia by Francis E. Gigot
(transcribed by Douglas J. Potter) outlining the various similarities
and differences in form, content, and language between and among the
Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke, which advocates an older, but not
entirely abandoned, view of Matthean Gospel priority and the
"Augustinian" solution to the Synoptic Problem.
A.H. McNeile and C.S. William's discussion of the work of the Form
Historians, from Schmidt, Bultmann, and Dibelius to Grant and Taylor, to
isolate and classify the pre-literary forms of the Gospel tradition and
to set them in the context of the life of the Church. From Chapter 3 of
their An Introduction to the Study of the New Testament available online
at the katapi bible resource pages.
The Online Encyclopedia Britannica's discussion of the literary critical
approach to the Gospels that deals with detecting, analyzing, and
classifying the pre-literary "forms" of the tradition used by the
The Synoptic Problem
A.H. McNeile and C.S. William's outline of the literary relationships
between and among the Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke, with their
discussion of the ways that this has been explained. Older but detailed
defense of the "Two Document Hypothesis". This is Chapter 4 of their An
Introduction to the Study of the New Testament available online at the
katapi bible resource pages.
The Synoptic problem
The article from the online Encyclopedia Britannica that outlines the
early history of the attempts to account for the extensive parallels in
structure, content, and wording of Matthew, Mark, and Luke and discusses
the principle modern views of how those parallels are to be explained.
The Synoptic Problem Home Page
The Synoptic Problem Home Page A comprehensive and quite scholarly
survey of all dimensions of the Synoptic Problem. Includes diagrams of
all of the leading solutions to the problem suggested by scholars over
the years. Also includes external testimony concerning the authorship of
the Synoptics from ancient church fathers and a very comprehensive
The Synoptic Gospels Primer
Maintained by Mahlon Smith of Rutgers University, this Web site is
designed for college students who are studying the synoptic problem for
the first time. It contains many of the same features as the Synoptic
Problem Home Page, but, it does not provide the original Greek for the
source materials it quotes as the above site does.
The Two Gospel Hypothesis
A Web site maintained by a team of scholars devoted to the Two Gospel
Hypothesis formerly known as the Griesbach Hypothesis. Includes an
analysis of the synoptic gospels in the original Greek in a manner
illustrating the hypothesis. Also includes numerous articles by William
Farmer, one of the foremost proponents of the Griesbach Hypothesis.
Mark Without Q: A Synoptic Problem Web site
This site, maintained by Mark Goodacre, presents the intriguing thesis,
known as the Farrer Theory, that Q is an unnecessary element in
understanding Synoptic Gospel relationships.
The Search for the No-Frills Jesus
This article from Atlantic Monthly is an informed yet detailed summary
of the Synoptic Problem and how it continues to fuel contemporary
scholarly debate about who Jesus was.
Jeffrey B. Gibson, D.Phil. (Oxon)
1500 W. Pratt Blvd.
Synoptic-L Homepage: http://www.bham.ac.uk/theology/synoptic-l
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