----- Original Message -----
Sent: Monday, January 10, 2000 12:06 PM
Subject: CNMI and Micronesian Sport of Rocball
ATENTION: Mr. Will Hopkins:
The following information on Rocball was put
together for Rocball's presentation at the Pacific Educational Conference held
here in Saipan in July of 1999. If you have any further questions please feel
free to contact me. Last week I sent a 500 page manuscript and a 45 minute video
tape to the United States Olympic Committee's Sport Development. Thanks for
responding and I hope you find this material of interest.
Prior to 1980, athletes who
played team net sports and used their hands, arms, legs, feet, etc. to serve,
volley, and score points, played under two different restrictions. In
volleyball, a game invented in the U.S. A. by W.G. Morgan in 1895, players were
restricted to hitting the ball back and forth over a net with any body part
above the waist. In another team net sport orginating out of Thailand or
Brazil, players were restricted to hitting the ball back and forth over a net
with any body part below the waist. in both games, the serving teams
scored points by hitting the ball between one to three times in service or
volley over the net. onto the and off of their opponent's court and/or
players, one point at a time. There was no defensive system of scoring,
service was restricted to the third portiuon of the right side of the court, and
games were completed by a predetermined method of set points and sets of
To develop a more competitive
and complete team net sport.
A. IMPROVE THE PHYSICAL
1. Redefine the
significances of the center and ten foot front lines for a team net sport played
on a thirty by sixty foot rectangular court.
2. Design and identify new
horizontal court areas of play for this type of team net
3. Design and include
separate vertical court lines and vertical areas of court play for this type of
team net sport.
B. IMPROVE THE
1. Restructure the winning
system to include opportunities for team to win a game by total points scored or
by a set system.
2. Restructure the scoring
system to include multiple point scoring, penalty point scoring, and optional
3. Restructure the set
system to include various methods of completing and winning different sets of
4. Restructure the scoring
system to allow offensive and defensive scoring.
C. IMPROVE THE
1. Implement unrestricted
methods of hitting the ball to enhance, sustain, and control the ball in volley
and/or in preparation for scoring.
2. Allow more players
access to more areas of the court for volley and scoring.
3. Include all players as
a potential scoring threat.
To provide a wider of physical
and intellectual challenges in a team net sport that will offer its athletes
more frequent and different kinds of opportunities to distinguish themselves as
To create more diversity in a
team net sport's competitive causes of action and reaction so that individuals,
either by spontaneity or proficiency, would be able to better distinguish
themselves through their athletic skills.
To offer team net sport
enthusiast and spectators in general, new stimuli in a familiar game that would
provide more entertainment, anticipation, and vicarous
During its twenty years of
development, from when it exsisted in its hypotential stage for its first year
and half as a general notion to create a better team net sport, through its
theoretical period in which it underwent two years of field testing, and then in
1983 when it was introduced as a seasonal and tournament sporting
activity, Rocball became the first team net sport in the world to incorporate
hitting and kicking play action, multiple point scoring, penalty point
scoring, optional point scoring, goals, and its own quarter-set system of
Since 1983, Rocball has been
under continous scrutiny by its officials, athletes, spectators, and
critics. It has on numerous ocassions been analytically broken down to its
fundamental elements for comparison to other team and team net sports for
adjustments and improvements. What, if any, decisive changes were made
following these anylitical studies, were tested and subjected to a period of
critical and practical evaluations by its officials and athletes: Some
ideas like designating certain horizontal court areas ofplay for multiple point
scoring was tested, documented, and filed away; other ideas like Rocball's O-kon
sysem of play was adopted and became instrumental in the development of the
quarter-set system of play.
In any kind of written
description, Rocball would be more accurately described as a hybird-sport, a
game of cross sport origins. However, some of the unique characteristics
that mark Rocball as the Innovative team net sport it is, originated out of the
actual developement of Rocball, and were born out of ideas and notions unrelated
to any known, past or present, team or team net sport.
And, Rocball's success as a team
net sport can be put to scale and mesured in variety of ways: (1)
By the two generations of its players, (2) by the local, regional,
national, and international media's coverage of Rocball's games, athletes, and
officials, (3) through its annual sport seasons and tournaments of hwich
include various cultural and sport's exchange programs, and (4) Rocball's
success can also be determined by the impact it has had on the Federation
International de Volleyball's (FIBA) recent rule change. In its
effort to restruct and enhance volleyball, FIBA has modified volleyball's
service area, incorporated a system of offensive and defensive scoring, and
adopted Rocball's rules of unrestricted hitting.
WINNING A ROCBALL
A. ROCBALL GAME CAN BE WON
IN TWO DIFFERENT WAYS:
JUICE: Rocball's system of
play that offers a team the opportunity to win a Rocball game at the end of four
quarters/sets of play.
JUICE-SETS: Juice-sets are
determined by point spreads and may be completed in different and various
ways: Blow-Out, Scunk, Scratch, and Match.
JUICE-OUT: In order for a
team to Juice-Out, win a Rocball game in four sets, a team must defeat their
opponents in total numbers of points scored in all the four quarter/set of
juice and they must win the fourth and final quarter/set of
In Juice, a team's total score
is calculated by adding up the points scored in all of Juice's four quarter/set
system of play.
Teams that Juice-Out must have a
total score that is at least three points more than their opponents, and they
must win the courth and final quarter/set of Juice.
A team can not Juice-Out in a
A team cannot Juice-Out in a
winning set if their total score for Juice's quarter/set system of play is not
at least three points more than thier opponents.
O-KON: When teams are
unable to Juice-Out in Rocball's four quarter/set system of play, the
points scored by each team in Juice becomes irrelevent and immaterial to
the outcome or conclusion of the game.
***In O-Kon, Rocball is won by
the team that wins four sets. And, how many quarters/sets of play
each team won in Juice, will determine how many O-Kon sets needs to be won
by a team in order to win the game.
***if a team won three
quarter/sets in Juice, then they need only to win one O-Kon set in order to win
***If a team only won one
quarter/set in Juice, then each team needs to win two O-Kon sets in order to win
***To win an O-Kon set, a team
has to score ten points or a goal, whichever comes first and, unlike the
quarter/set in Juice, neither team has to be at set point or in service to win
an O-Kon set.
Example: Team "X" has
scored 8 points and team "O" is trailing with 2 points scored. Team "X"
has the serve and serves the ball successfully over the net and into team "O"
side of the court. Team "O" players hit the ball back and over the net and
score a goal: Team "O" wins the O-Kon