Just passing things along...
In 891, Margrave Aribo sent King Arnulf word of the peace conference with
the Moravians that took place under the auspices of Bishop Wiching. A
fragment of the original letter was used in the 15th century in the binding
of codex Aug.Perg CCXLVIII in the library of Reichenau monastery. It is the
only document to be preserved in the original that relates to Great Moravia.
In it, Margrave Aribo writes to King Arnulf that the meeting of Bishop
Wiching and another envoy in Moravia was succesful. The Moravians denied the
accusations made against them, and committed themselves to pay tribute
(servitium) to the king. The relevant cattle were gathered in the pens
without further coercion.
The language of diplomacy, it seems, never changes... but interesting that
the tribute agreed was in the form of cattle.
This peace apparently also confirmed Svatopluk's possession of Bohemia, but
this is not mentioned in the surviving fragment. Of course, Arnulf was a
shifty so-and-so at the best of times, and in 892 attacked Moravia with the
aid of the Magyars. Oh, and Bishop Wiching, a Swabian who had been made
Bishop of Nitra in 879, became Arnulf's Chancellor in 892, too - evidence of
the political importance of Christianisation.
If anyone wants the references (1 in German, 2 in Slovak, 1 in English) then
let me know please.
Alastair Millar, BSc(Hons)
Consultancy and translation for the heritage industry
P.O.Box 685, CZ 111 21 Prague 1, Czech Republic