Finally I found the files with my examples of discharges from 2009. You can download a ZIP file (2MB) with two recordings and one picture from Audition here:Jul 12 1 of 48View SourceFinally I found the files with my examples of discharges from 2009. You can download a ZIP file (2MB) with two recordings and one picture from Audition here:Conditions: a hot day in June with occasional dark clouds passing, no rain in my country side location.The discharges were strong and clear, that is why I was supposing that they were originating very close to the longwire antenna or receiver (AOR AR7030) if not directly inside the receiver.Karel Honzik, CZEIn fact I know these sounds very well. I always heard it when I was using my AR7030. I have not heard it since I use Perseus (but it does not mean anything). I heard it in different places in winter during snow gales or in summer when a black cloud was approaching. It was not raining (perhaps it was raining somewhere else, see Jürgen’s notes). I think I have some recordings, somewhere, I will try to find them. They sound more constant than what was presented here, like a motor changing its rpm. It was interesting to observe extremely magnified curves of this sound in Audition audio editor.I was suspicious that the motor-like sound was originating in the circuits of my AR7030 when a static was coming along the longwire antenna into the receiver. It could be dangerous. But my receiver always survived I remember one day in summer when the strongest sound could be heard around 500kHz and it was getting weaker and weaker below and above this range.I was even discussing this matter with a technician of AOR but his conclusion was that he has never heard something like that. Also other people who were listening to my recording suggested that it was a car passing my QTH. I think I was even trying to discuss it in an international internet group (which one?) but in fact noone was interested in this matter. Now I am pleased that there are more people (DXers) who came accross it than expectedKarel Honzik, CZE
> Very interesting story. Could it be that it sounds likethe attached file.
I have exactly the same one, but *very* strong.
Now hold your breath:
This I heard before permanently moving here, and no antenna was errected. I
heard it with the ATS909 extremely loud, went around the house because I feared
something of our electricty was arcing and might set the house on fire. Then I
found that the further away from the electrical system I got the louder it
Years later when I moved here the "arcing" still was here, and I discovered
that it began before it started to rain (or snow) here, or it stopped while it
was still raining. Studying the rain radar I discovered that I hear it when it
was raining/snowing 10-15km northwest of me (North of Wilhelmshaven). As soon
as the rain stopped there, the noise was gone. So I suspect something there,
but why is it here that strong? We don't have any powerlines above ground. An
engineer working at a power plant told me, that this sounds much different than
arcing of powerlines
I checked with a Perseus in Wilhelmshaven, my ant pointing to WHV, and another
pointing to the south of WHV. I could hear it on the first two, but not on the
last one. So it is definitely something there an dnot here
Here's how it sounds, it was NOT raining here at that moment
It was a short (small) shower there, you hear how it started and ended. I
watched on the rain radar that it was approaching the area, and just waited for
the moment to start recording. There was no other shower around.
On another day John Marsyla in Holland heard the same noise at the same time as
Jurgen Bartels Suellwarden, N. Germany
Ant. hor: 29-45MHz 7-el, 45-87MHz 11-el, FM 15.11, Band-3:13-el, UHF:48-el
TV: Winradio G305 / Fly2000 + video noise filter & variable IF BW
FM: Downconverter + Perseus + Speclab as WFM demod.
MW: 30 x 4m EWE 320° with JB-terminator, Winradio & Perseus
Hello Nico, ... I am afraid you apply a conventional model which is not applicable in the QRN-fighting context. Consider a sampling rate of 4 MHz. Apply aJul 18 48 of 48View SourceHello Nico,
> If one computes the number of taps of a FIR decimationI am afraid you apply a "conventional" model which is
> filter with a decent performance (say 0.1 dB in-band ripple
> and 100 dB alias image rejection) he discover a simple
> rule of thumb:
> N =(about) 4*D/(1-B/Fco)
> N is the required decimation filter number of taps
> D is the decimation factor
> B/Fco is ratio between the desired output alias free bandwidth and the output sampling frequency.
> Since after filtering the decimator takes one output every D
> input samples, the output impulse response is no more
> than N/D samples long, that's to say:
> N/D =(about) 4/(1-B/Fco)
> Note that the length of the output impulse response
> *does not* depend on the output sampling frequency, but just on the B/Fco ratio.
> If such a ratio is high the output pulse can be quite long.
not applicable in the QRN-fighting context.
Consider a sampling rate of 4 MHz.
Apply a FIR filter that has say 0.1 dB in-band ripple
and a -1 dB point at say 0.8 MHz. The -20 dB point should
be at 2 MHz and the -100 dB point at 3.2 MHz. The alias-free
range (-100 dB) would be +/- 0.8 MHz but a clever DSP software
could compensate for the fall-off between say 0.8 and 1.6 MHz
to provide a perfectly flat passband of 3.2 MHz or so. The alias
suppression at the corner frequencies would be poor. Maybe 20 dB,
but I do not think that would impair the noise-fighting.
The useful bandwidth for receiving would be 1.6 MHz only and
not any improvement over the 2 MHz sampling. The purpose of the
faster sampling would only be to eliminate certain interference
> In Perseus the decimation filter has been designed so thatYes.
> the alias-free bandwidth is 80% the output sampling frequency
> (1.6 MHz when the sampling rate is 2 MS/s) which is a good
> compromise between the decimation filters complexity and
> the efficiency of the digital signal processing made on the PC.
> At such a B/Fco ratio you can expect that each output pulse
> due to an istantaneous glitch at the receiver input is
> approximately 4/(1-0.8) = 20 samples long whatever the
> output sampling frequency is.
> You can't really resolve it into a single pulse even ifIn Linrad, the PC software will take the fourier transform of the
> the output sampling frequency were 40 MS/s. It will
> always be 20 samples long.
input data stream, divide it by the fourier transform of the
impulse response of the hardware and multiply it by a "desired
pulse response" This way the pulse length is made shorter than 20
samples and at the same time the ~0.1 dB ripple is removed.
The length of the pulse is determined by the "desired pulse response"
which depends on the skirt steepness that the user has decided.
The smart blanker knows the exact shape of the pulse and its length
so it does not matter that the pulse is long in terms of samples.
I am aware that very few operators use Linrad and that only
a very small fraction of the users care to calibrate their
systems properly. I have tried to explain the theory, but I
do not think I have been sucessful at all. I am interested
in static rain at high bandwidth because I have a feeling
recordings would show a dramatic difference between the
Linrad blanker and other blankers.
> Of course 20 samples at 40 MS/s are a 0.5us interval,Yes:-)
> which is a much shorter time interval than that obtained
> if the sample rate were 2 MS/s but instead of increasing
> the output sample rate one can obtain the same result
> simply relaxing the B/Fco requirement.
> If the B/Fco ratio were 60% instead of 80% the outputYes:-) This is what I advocate. 4 MHz sampling and
> pulse lenght would be the half the original, if it were
> 40% one third and if it were 20% one fourth of it, a
> mere 5 samples interval (2.5us @ 2MS/s), which is even
> the half of what one could obtain attempting to double
> the output sampling frequency (and mantaining the
> original 80% B/Fco ratio).
> The penalty is that the the alias free bandwidth
> is much less than the output sample rate...
40% alias-free bandwidth. I also want the -10 dB point
to be fairly high, maybe 80% of Nyquist.
> but who cares if we would just be satisfied to (carefully)As far as I undersdtand it is impossible to clean up a 200 kHz
> clean-up a not-so-wide 200 kHz bandwidth out of a 2 MS/s
> IQ stream?
> And if it works, wouldn't it be better than obtaining the
> same result using 4 MS/s maybe overloading a poor man CPU?
wide segment of a 2MS/s IQ stream if the (random) secondary
pulses can not be resolved. From old experience as well as from
the one and only wideband recording at my disposal a bandwidth
of 1.6 MHz is marginal. It may or it may not work.
> BTW, making a new 4MS/s DDC would not be impossible butFive years later it is very likely that a factor of two is OK:-)
> as I haven't implemented it yet I can't say that what
> was initially conceived for a much smaller output sample
> rate could sustain it (in 2008 I was even not sure that
> the 2 MS/s rate could really work).