Salamoona Ajmal Khan and other,
you said it right guloono, we should not divide ourselves in
different tribes but consider ourselves as one Pakhtun/Afghan nation
I want to repost this masterpiece from Wroar Abdul Qayum Mohmand,
most of us have read it but for the new commers, and it will be good
Khuday pa aman.
==============Repost of Abdul Qayum Mohmand letter=============
Lately there have been talks about Pashtu, Pakhtu, Afghan, Pashtoon,
Pathan, disunity, our culture, our history, who'a fault is
it?, tribalism, etc. This discussion is continued on different
Some analyze the topic academically, where others only express their
emotions and bring no proof or arguments. Feelings and emotions are
not a bad thing, but it must be accompanied by some logical context.
We have a responsibility to our people, our land, our children, and
our current and future generation. Our aim should be to
unite and educate our people. We should bring our people to the
standard of the twenty first century, but at the same time be aware
our identity, culture, dignity and history. The only way we can do
this is, to do academic research about our history, culture, society
and social and political construct.
If we study and analyze the historical construct of Afghan history
political institution, we will realize and see clearly that foreign
invaders and internal enemies, under different names and different
aims, have always tried to disintegrate our people. They have tried,
and to some extent have succeeded, to create enmity and tribal
among our people.
Let us consider and analyze some historical facts. First, we are
being divided into Ghilzaie (Ghiljai) and Durani. The
word Durani is a name and description which did not exist before
After the Persian army was defeated, the elders from different areas
gathered in Kandahar to choose a leader. After several days of
discussion it was up to Sabir Shah Malang to choose the leader of the
land. Sabir Shah told Ahmad Khan that not only he is the king, but a
"Durduwran" king. Ahmad Shah Baba corrected the name and called
himself "Duri-Duran," meaning the noblest of the noble. He than
changed the name of his Abdali clan to Durani. It is very upsetting
that our own historians in Afghanistan and Pakistan continue to use
this incorrect description. Abdali or Durani is only a small branch
of Pashoons' population.
Secondly, we are divided into small subdivision such as Hotak,
Alokozai, Mohmand, Shinwari, Afredi, Safi, Yousefzai, Wardak,
Zadran, Wazeer, Mangal, Omarkheel and many more names. Each of these
subdivisions is called Qaum.
If we look around, do we really see any other nation
other than the Pashtoon, who is divided so much? We don't need to
go farther but looking inside our country, we would find Tajik,
Uzbek, Turkmen and Hazara who are not divided by Qaumiat. If we
Punjabis and Sindhis, they are divided by social classification such
as Chawdary, Malik, Raja and some other titles, but they are not
divided by Qaumiat.
We should ask ourselves why don't the enemies of the Pashtoon nation
accept us as one nation? Why are they so desperate to divide us in
many small "nationalities?" Probably they are afraid of the
strength of the Pashtoons!
They know this for a fact, if Pashtoons become united, there will not
be any obstacle this people can't overcome.
Let me take you to the times of Emal Khan Mohmand, Darya Khan Afridi
and Khushal Khan Khattak. At the time when Emal Khan and Darya Khan
were fighting the Moghols, and Emal Khan was reigning from Peshawar
Kabul, there were some disagreements and conflicts between Emal Khan
and Khushal Khan. But after a while, when Khushal Khan Khattak
realized his mistakes and joined the causes of Emal Khan and Darya
Khan, the Afghan forces became the strongest in the region and
defeated the Moghols on several occasions. We know from our history
that Khushal Khan Khattak, not only became the national hero in our
fight against the Moghols, but also a star in Pashtu poetry. He
continued his fight, both with the sword and with the pen. He became
known as D'Torae Au Qalam Salar.
Those who desperately want to divide us, do not realize that we
Pashtoon are one people, coming from one ancestor. The names to
which they are referring, are the names of our families. I will
explain this in simple examples. United States is a country
by immigrant mainly from Great Britain, France, Holland, Germany,
Italy and Spain. There are people from many other countries but they
are not subject to this discussion. For example a family comprising
of father, mother, four sons and two daughters by the name of
emigrated from Great Britain to U.S.A. about four hundred years ago.
The father established himself and got on with his life. After some
years the sons grew up and got married. The four sons in turn, each
had four sons and two daughters. These sons grow up got married and
each had three sons. The scenario can go on. Assuming this
is true for family Schmidt from Germany, Berger from Holland, Milano
from Italy and so on. Let us consider that after 400 years,
members in each family are more than a thousand. If we keep each
family in one town or province and let them continue their life,
we call these people of the same ancestors, families, tribes or
nations. Think about it.
It is our, the intellectual's, obligation to fight these kinds of
injustices and ignorance against our nation. It is our job to tell
our friends and enemies, countries surrounding us and the world that
we are only one nation, the Afghan nation and our identity are
described by our Pashtoonwaly. We are made of families that got
with the time, but we are not small nationalities. We call these
Koor, Koranay and Kahool. We consist of the Kahool of Hoataks,
Abdalis, Mangals, Shinwaris, Afridis, Mohmands, Zadrans, Wazeers and
many more. We are one Afghan. We are one Pashtoons and we will not
allow anyone to create nationalities in our one nation.
It is our job to unite our people under one solid and concerned
leadership and not allow anyone to use our local diversity to divide
us in small tribes or nationalities. Pashtoons are not the only
who speak different dialect of their language and who have various
social activities in their local areas. Throughout the world people
of one language speak different dialects of the same language. A
person living in Kiel or Bonn, Germany will have a difficult time
understanding someone speaking Schwaben (Stuttgart) or Bayerisch
All this will lead us to only one question. If we allow other people
to use us, to devide us, to play with our language or our culture,
whose fault is it? Theirs or ours?
Let's get up, get united and make a difference.
With best regards